Tree-Ring Research is the peer-reviewed journal of the Tree Ring Society. The journal was first published in 1934 under the title Tree-Ring Bulletin. In 2001, the title changed to Tree-Ring Research.

Issues from 1934–2006 are freely available on the publications section of the Tree-Ring Society website. The Tree-Ring Society and the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research at the University of Arizona partnered with the University Libraries to re-digitize back issues for improved searching capabilities and long-term preservation.


Contact the Editor of Tree-Ring Research at editor@treeringsociety.org.

Recent Submissions

  • In Memoriam- Austin Long (1936–2010)

    Eastoe, Chris; Leavitt, Steven W. (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
  • Incorporating Climatological Techniques To Improve Tree-Ring Site Selection In Complex Terrain

    Wise, Erika K.; Department of Geography, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
    Dendroclimatologists often approach field work with the intent of reconstructing a particular climate variable (e.g. temperature, streamflow, precipitation). Although guidelines exist for species and site selection, isolating the signal of interest is difficult in areas with complex terrain or a lack of ideal sites. In this case study, I suggest climatological techniques for a more efficient sampling scheme and apply these techniques to identify criteria for selecting sites sensitive to winter precipitation in the north-central Rocky Mountains. These techniques include examining factors influencing the regional response of tree growth to climate by utilizing the International Tree-Ring Databank (ITRDB), using eigenvector analyses to identify modes of variability between sites, and delineating climate regions based on the variable of interest through climate regionalization. Results suggest that low- or mid-elevation Pseudotsuga menziesii sites should be targeted for maximizing the winter precipitation signal in the case study area. The season of precipitation impacting growth was found to be a major component of the overall variability between sites.
  • Climate Response Of Oak Species Across An Environmental Gradient In The Southern Appalachian Mountains, USA

    White, Philip B.; Van De Gevel, Saskia L.; Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.; LaForest, Lisa B.; Deweese, Georgina G.; Department of Geography and Planning, Appalachian State University; Laboratory of Tree-Ring Science, Department of Geography, University of Tennessee; Department of Geosciences, University of West Georgia (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
    We investigated the climatic sensitivity of oak species across a wide elevation range in the southern Appalachian Mountains, an area where greater knowledge of oak sensitivity is desired. We developed three tree-ring chronologies for climatic analyses from oak cores taken from the Jefferson National Forest, Virginia, and Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee. We statistically compared the three chronologies with monthly climatic data from 1930 to 2005. The results of our analyses suggest that oak species in the southern Appalachian Mountains require a cool, moist summer for above average-growth to occur. The climate signal increased in duration from high to low elevational and latitudinal gradients, indicating a strong moisture-preconditioning signal during the previous fall at our lowest elevation site. A notable finding of this research was the degree of responsiveness in oaks that are growing in forest interior locations where strong climate sensitivity would not be expected because of the effects of internal stand dynamics. Furthermore, the relationships between evapotranspiration rates and the geographic factors of elevation, latitude, and aspect influence the climate signals at the three sites. Our research suggests that oaks located in a warm and xeric climate experience more physiological stress and put forth a more varied climatic response.
  • Reconstructing Population Dynamics Of Yellow-Cedar In Declining Stands: Baseline Information From Tree Rings

    Stan, Amanda B.; Maertens, Thomas B.; Daniels, Lori D.; Zeglen, Stefan; Department of Geography, University of British Columbia; British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Range, Nanaimo, British Columbia V9T 6E9, Canada (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
    Yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (D. Don) Spach) forests of coastal British Columbia are apparently experiencing decline in a manner similar to that observed in southeastern Alaska. In this pilot study, we collect tree-ring data from live and standing dead yellow-cedar trees from four declining sites on the North Coast of British Columbia. We use this data to compare growth patterns at our sites to those of yellow-cedar trees at non-declining and declining sites in southwestern British Columbia and southeastern Alaska and, in addition, to assess the possibility of reconstructing yellow-cedar population dynamics in declining stands using dendrochronology. We found coherent growth patterns (i.e. marker years and periods of suppression) among yellow-cedar chronologies from non-declining and declining sites across a broad geographic range as well as unique growth patterns between our chronologies from declining sites and those from declining sites in nearby Alaska. Using outer-ring dates of increment cores, we were able to estimate time since death of decade- to century-old standing dead yellow-cedar trees, although the precision of the estimates was influenced by partial cambial mortality and erosion of outer rings. Our results provide baseline dendrochronological information that will be useful for planning future studies that assess growth-climate relations and reconstruct the long-term population dynamics of yellow-cedar in declining stands.
  • Scientific Advisory-- Expanded Application Of Dendrochronology Collections: Collect And Save Exudates

    Santiago-Blay, Jorge A.; Lambert, Joseph B.; Creasman, Pearce Paul; Department of Paleobiology, MRC-121, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution; Department of Chemistry, Trinity University; Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University; Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
  • Software Review Autobox And Its Use In Dendroecology

    Rauchfuss, Julia; Mid Sweden University, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
  • The Dendrochronology Of Pinus Elliottii In The Lower Florida Keys: Chronology Development And Climate Response

    Harley, Grant L.; Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.; Horn, Sally P.; Laboratory of Tree-Ring Science, Initiative for Quaternary Paleoclimate Research, Department of Geography, The University of Tennessee (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
    South Florida slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. densa) is the southernmost pine species in the United States and the foundation species of the globally endangered pine rockland communities in south Florida. To test if slash pine produces annual growth rings in the Lower Florida Keys, we counted the number of rings on samples collected from the North Big Pine Key site (NBP), which contained a fire scar from a known wildfire and a known date for hurricane-induced tree mortality (2006 or 2007). In addition, a crossdated tree-ring chronology (1871–2009) was developed from living trees and remnant wood found at the site and compared to divisional climate data to determine how the regional climate regime influences radial growth. Our analyses demonstrated that slash pine forms anatomically distinct, annual growth rings with the consistent year-to-year variability necessary for rigorous dendrochronological studies. Response-function and correlation analysis showed that annual growth of slash pine at NBP is primarily influenced by water availability during the growing season. However, no significant correlations were found between tree growth and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation or the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. Our study reveals the potential of producing high-quality dendrochronological data in southern Florida from slash pine, which should prove useful in further studies on fire history and tree phenology and for assessing the projected impacts of impending climate change on the fragile pine rockland community.
  • Do Females Differ From Males Of European Yew (Taxus Baccata L.) In Dedrochronological Analysis?

    Cedro, Anna; Iszkulo, Grzegorz; Climatology and Marine Meteorology Department, Szczecin University; Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Parkowa 5, 62-035 Kórnik, Poland; University of Zielona Góra, Department of Biology, Prof. Z. Szafrana 1 (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
    Female and male plants often differ in reproductive effort and habitat requirements. The aim of this study was to analyze these differences between the sexes and the effect of climate on tree-ring width in European yew (Taxus baccata). The study was conducted in five yew populations in western Poland. Wood samples were taken from 196 trees (98 females and 98 males) and subjected to the standard procedure of dendrochronological dating. Mean tree-ring width was significantly higher in males since about the beginning of sexual maturity. No such relationship was observed in the youngest population, which is the most distant from the current geographic limit for this species. In most of the analyzed populations, width of tree rings in female individuals, in contrast to males, was negatively correlated with high temperatures in August and September in the year prior to the formation of the tree ring, and correlated positively with precipitation in June and July in the current year. The differentiation of tree-ring width between males and females likely began when the yew trees reached sexual maturity, probably because of the assumed greater reproductive effort of females in comparison with males. The lack of difference in the youngest population may result from a short time since the beginning of sexual maturity or from a milder climate in that region. Different reactions of the two sexes to climate indicate that this may affect the range and viability of populations at the limits of the range.
  • Potential For Developing Fire Histories In Chir Pine (Pinus Roxburghii) Forest In The Himalayan Foothills

    Brown, Peter M.; Bhattacharyya, Amalava; Shah, Santosh K.; Rocky Mountain Tree-Ring Research, 2901 Moore Lane, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA; Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, 53 University Road, Lucknow, 226 007, India (Tree-Ring Society, 2011-01)
    We report on the potential for developing long-term fire histories from chir pine (Pinus roxburghii Sarg.) forests in the Western Himalayan foothills based on a preliminary study from a stand located in the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. Rings from trees collected to develop a master skeleton plot chronology were generally complacent with false rings present during most years, but were crossdatable with only minor difficulty. The oldest tree confidently crossdated back to 1886, with good sample depth (5 trees) from 1911, which helped date the fire scars in cross-sections collected from three trees. Fire frequency as determined from fire-scar dates was high, with mean and median fire intervals of 3 years from 1938 to 2006. Fires were likely from human ignitions given the prevalence of human land use in the site. Fire scars were generally recorded at false-ring boundaries and likely represent burning during the hot, dry period in May or early June before the onset of monsoon rainfall beginning in mid-June. Although only three fire-scarred trees were sampled, this preliminary assessment shows there is a potential for additional samples from other stands to develop longer-term fire histories to better understand the role of fire in the ecology and management of chir pine throughout its range in the Himalaya region.