Decentralized Control for Large Communication Satellites by Model Error Sensitivity Suppression
AffiliationGeneral Dynamics Convair Division
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AbstractThe rapid growth in world demand for satellite telecommunications and the limited number of positions in the geostationary arc are leading inexorably to larger, higher capacity communications satellites. This trend, coupled with the projected weight and volume capability of the Space Transportation System (STS), will lead to satellites in the 80s weighing 5000 kg and measuring 50 to 100 feet across. By the end of the century these figures could increase again by an order of magnitude. Such large, low-density structures tend to have closely spaced, low-frequency dynamic modes. At the same time, multibeam-frequency reuse antennas (MBFRA) projecting narrow-spotbearns require pointing stability within a hundredth of a degree or so. The combination of low structural natural frequency and more stringent pointing requirements imposes the need for an entirely fresh approach to dynamic control of communications satellites. This paper outlines such an approach. A modern optimal control methodology is advanced that provides decentralized modular control for large communication satellites. The fundamental property of the control algorithm is its ability to stabilize certain subsets of vibration modes without disturbing others. This decoupling action allows the control task to be implemented in a modular or building block fashion so that different modal subsets are stabilized by separate controllers. Decentralization according to functional task is also possible such that noninteracting rigid body and elastic body control is achieved. Thus, the technique provides a solution for the problem of rigid body control in the presence of low frequency elastic modes that are in the rigid body controller bandwidth. The design methodology, termed Model Error Sensitivity Suppression (MESS), is a derivative of modern optimal control and estimation theory. Several examples illustrate the capability of the design algorithm.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering