ABOUT THE COLLECTIONS

The Honors College is a University-wide academic college that serves nearly 4,000 high-ability undergraduates at the University of Arizona. The Honors College enables talented students to reach the highest levels of excellence, engage in research and creative activity, develop a lifelong passion for learning, and improve the quality of life and society through research, leadership and community service.

The Honors Theses collection in the UA Campus Repository shares and preserves the research of Honors College graduates.


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For more information about the Honors College, visit http://directory.arizona.edu/colleges/honors-college.

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Recent Submissions

  • Do Conflict Recovery Behaviors Buffer the Impact of Conflict Behavior on Marital Satisfaction?

    Zozaya, Alexis (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    The purpose of this present study was to expand on the limited research that has been conducted on conflict recovery and investigate whether conflict recovery has the ability to moderate the impact of conflict behaviors on the level of marital satisfaction. To achieve this goal 71 couples completed self-report questionnaires assessing conflict behaviors and marital satisfaction, and were interviewed about their conflict recovery behaviors. A series of hierarchical linear regression analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses. For men, make-up sex following an argument buffered the impact of conflict on marital satisfaction. For women, a calm follow-up discussion and offering a general apology to one’s partner each moderated the influence of conflict behavior on marital satisfaction. Possible implications are discussed.
  • Proxy-Based Solutions to Facilitate Mobile Applications

    Zhang, Kunpeng (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    Mobility causes problems in computer networking. For example, when a host moves to a new network and obtains a new IP address, its ongoing TCP sessions will break because TCP uses source and destination addresses and ports to identify packets belonging to the same session. In the first part of this project, we design and implement a solution to mobility-caused problems in general. This solution is independent of specific applications. In the second part, we come to a specific problem which is downloading emails from phone to laptop on an airplane. Old applications always assume that they have an internet connectivity which can connect to a specific server on the cloud, but this assumption breaks because of more and more mobility. Without internet access, local data can still be shared by the local connectivity. When people get on the airplane, they face this problem. Therefore, we come up with a solution to help share emails between the phone and the laptop on an airplane.
  • Trends in LGBT Activism: Defending the Rights of Egypt's Queer Citizens

    Zettlemoyer, Jaime Nichole (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    Egyptians who do not fit into the mold of the ideal, heteronormative citizen as perpetuated by the state face widespread persecution and criminalization. State security forces target homosexual and other queer sexualities and behaviors in the private and public spheres. From fake profiles on dating and social media websites to raids on clubs and private parties, this segment of the Egyptian population struggles to find a space for themselves within Egyptian society. When arrest often means abuse, torture, and coerced confessions, they are further pushed to the fringes of society. Although Egypt has promised to protect certain rights of its citizens, it has frequently failed. This paper presents three major systems of oppression for non-heteronormative Egyptians: the state security apparatus and legal code, nationalist discourses, and the dominant ideologies of Islam within Egypt. After analyzing how queer Egyptians are targeted, criminalized, and persecuted, I analyze different activist methods and strategies in order to present and support the most effective strategies for Egypt.
  • Prenatal Nicotine Exposure and the 5HTα -7 Receptor

    Young, Cristina Teresa (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    Prenatal nicotine exposure is a know risk factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). This risk increase is thought to be the result of developmental nicotine exposure (DNE) affecting the development of the brains control of breathing. This experiment was executed to determine what affect, if any, this type of nicotine exposure would have on the serotonin (5HT) system, specifically the 5HT alpha-7 receptor. Prenatal rat pups were exposed to nicotine using osmotic mini-pumps during pregnancy, with continued exposure through breast milk after birth (DNE). Brainstem-spinal cord preparations from 1-5 day old pups, both DNE and an unexposed control group, were placed into a split-bath and drugs where administered to either the brainstem or the spinal cord. The frequency and amplitude of action potential burst were measured in the brainstem (rostral) experiments and tonic activity was measured in the spinal cord (caudal) experiments. Both experiments followed the same drug application protocol. A baseline of ten minutes was established, followed by fifteen minutes of 5HTα-7 antagonist application, followed by thirty minutes of 5HTα-7 antagonist + 5HT application, followed by washout for twenty minutes. DNE exposure had statistically significant affects in the rostral experiments, but produced non-significant trends in the caudal experiments.
  • The Use of Elective Single Embryo Transfer (eSET) to Reduce the Risks of Multiple Gestation

    Yang, Tiffany Hou-Ting (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a common method used in assisted reproductive technology (ART) to help patients achieve pregnancy. One of the risks of IVF is the possibility of multiple gestation, especially when more than one embryo is transferred per cycle. Multiple gestation can introduce several significant complications into the pregnancy and birth, which can range from short-term conditions to long-term disabilities. Elective single embryo transfer (eSET) is a way of reducing these risks by choosing to transfer only one embryo when multiple embryos are available for transfer. With eSET, the chances of multiple gestation and its associated complications are significantly lowered, increasing the chances of the patient having a healthy pregnancy. However, eSET appears to have low rates compared to other methods of transfer, despite its benefits. This thesis investigates the use of eSET in fertility clinics, in order to gain insight on the level of patient awareness on eSET, how fertility clinics provide eSET, and methods that can encourage patients to choose eSET. Physicians at fertility clinics will be interviewed, and the interviews will be used to analyze how to improve the rate of eSET and reduce the rate of multiple gestation in fertility treatments.
  • Civil Engineering Senior Design Capstone Project: Design Documentation for the Widening of Broadway Boulevard

    Wong, Chanlin Robert; Wang, Andi; Buechler, Camden; Flores, Lissette; Dorri, Maral; Updegraff, Matt; Simon, Max; Olson, Michael (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    This document contains the fully detailed engineering reports associated with the 2017 Civil Engineering senior capstone project. The scope of this theoretical project included widening a stretch of the Broadway Boulevard roadway from Highland Avenue to Warren Avenue in Tucson, AZ. The roadway was widened from four to six lanes with medians, bus pullouts, and curb improvements. This report first presents the Statement of Qualifications (SOQ) and Design Summary Report (DSR) created during the Fall semester. Then, the technical reports and aspects created in the Spring semester are presented in the following order: traffic engineering report, pavement design report, drainage report, structural report, landscaping report, and finally the detailed design plans with the engineer’s cost estimate.
  • The Lexical Access of Function Words

    Withers, Daniel Wyatt (The University of Arizona., 2017)
  • Stress and Rule Adherence

    Withers, Daniel Wyatt (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    One experiment investigated the influence of a validated stressor, the Fear Factor Stress Test, on rule adherence behaviors. Using a computer generated virtual space, the C-G Arena, participants were given instructions to find visible and invisible targets in either a stress manipulated condition (the Fear Factor Stress Test) or control. Instructions regarding the location of the target were manipulated between experiments to explore how rules with varying levels of accuracy are obeyed. One group received minimal instructions, one received accurate instructions, and one received a set of instructions that did not match the environmental contingencies. Results in all conditions showed that participants adhered to the prescriptive rule even when the rule did not reflect the environmental contingencies. In the stressful conditions, participants showed increased adherence behaviors, results consistent with the literature illustrating that stress increases habit behaviors. Results will be discussed in reference to rule adherence, stress, and future interpretations of the Yerkes-Dodson law.
  • Hauptmann in Purgatory: A Creative Examination of Richard Bruno Hauptmann's Trial and Execution in the 1935 Lindbergh Case

    Wisthoff, Victoria (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    On March 2, 1932, Charles Lindbergh Jr., son of the famous American aviator Charles Lindbergh, was kidnapped from his second story nursery at his New Jersey home, Hopewell. Nothing remained of the child except a ransom note left on the windowsill, demanding $50,000. The infant's kidnapping spurred the nation into a mad scramble to recover the child and catch the kidnapper. Yet four months later when the baby’s body was discovered in a shallow grave, it became a manhunt for the "Little Eagle's" murderer. Nearly two years elapsed until the arrest of Richard Bruno Hauptmann, a German carpenter from the Bronx, New York. He was brought to trial in 1935, convicted, and executed by electrocution in 1936. Yet Hauptmann did not receive a fair trial. His conviction was the product of several factors: faulty evidence, bungled police work, personal agendas, the celebrity of the Lindbergh's, his German background, and the voracious appetite of the press.
  • Discursive Responses to Black Lives Matter: White Fragility, Political Correctness, and Respectability Politics

    Winkelman, Jacob Wolff (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    This paper will explore how shame and fragility around whiteness manifest themselves as refutations of the Black Lives Matter movement through two rhetorical strategies: accusing protestors of "political correctness" and utilizing respectability politics to criticize the form of protests without addressing their contents. The poetry pieces of Nikki Giovanni, Audre Lorde, and Claudia Rankine from three different political eras show how different elements of the current Black Lives Matter framework, namely, intersectionality, black humanity, and black love, build off of a tradition of black feminism. This paper will examine why the state and the general population consider some speech to be violent and some warranting protection and how this corresponds, intentionally and unintentionally, with the existing racial hierarchy. Popular culture and the government often consider speech that calls out racism as a violent act while granting constitutional protections and arguments of free speech to the words (and actions) that promote racism. Countering this double standard requires a continued focus on protesting, discussing racism, and recognizing the rhetorical mechanisms that make this line of reasoning the mainstream.
  • A Floral Redistribution

    Wiltshire, Bayley Alexis (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    This thesis includes essays as still lifes. Still lifes are inherently personal, as someone's creation; yet, the creator may not be the main subject of the still life, or the essay. Instead, the themes of time, death, love, and loneliness are unraveled through the narratives of the still-life subjects, and put on display. This thesis also explores how these themes interact with one another; how love distorts time and beauty; how motion warps time, and stillness incurs loneliness; how death is a stillness, but not loveless. It is my lyrical meandering through the different interpretations and identities of a "still life." With an ode to brevity, these essays gesture towards the moments and memories that are born before we become a still life; they are somber moments arranged to be beautiful and sad—romanticized, in a way. Thus: a floral redistribution.
  • Anatomy in Media: Seeking the Line Between Good and Ghastly

    Wilson, Victoria Evelyn Anne (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    This project seeks to examine and contextualize modern portrayals of anatomy, in order to address an apparent shift in television media towards graphic and violent anatomical imagery. Specifically, the present study is concerned with the effects of serial killer narratives on audience perceptions of anatomy, because such shows represent particularly stark examples of brutal anatomical imagery. Additionally, serial killer narratives were chosen because they appear, in their modern iterations, to intentionally humanize their killer characters in an attempt to make them relatable to their audience. This makes them suspect of having an unprecedented ability to affect their audience's perspectives. Such potential engenders the following research questions: 1) Is the anatomical imagery of serial killer narratives anomalous in the wider spectrum of historical and modern genres of anatomical imagery, and 2) Does the anatomical imagery of these narratives appear to have impact on their audiences' perceptions of anatomy? The present study suggests that the images differ from other genres on many fronts, including visual qualities, overall impression, and apparent intended effect. Additionally, the present study suggests that viewers of serial killer narratives are likely to have opposite opinions of anatomical imagery from audiences that have not viewed the same images.
  • In-Vitro Expression of FET Proteins

    White, Connor Ian (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    The FET proteins, FUS, EWSR1, and TAF15 are RNA binding proteins that form amyloid-like plaques through aggregation. Research into these proteins is important due to their presence and implication in neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). The objective of this project was to clone the FET genes into an in-vitro expression system. Using this method, the need to culture cells to obtain protein for in-vitro experiments testing protein-protein interactions and RNA binding ability would be removed. This project was based around the cloning of each FET gene into a pT7CFE1-CHis plasmid vector using MEGAWHOP protocols. After cloning of a gene, in-vitro translation (IVT) using HeLa lysates was facilitated using the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) sequence found in the pT7CFE1-CHis plasmid. During this project, in-vitro translation constructs were designed and tested with a pilot in-vitro translation assay performed using the initial FUS in-vitro translation MEGAWHOP product, revealing the unexpected result of a double insertion of FUS into the pT7CFE1-CHis plasmid. After alterations to the in-vitro translation constructs, FUS and TAF15 megaprimers have been reliably produced for proper insertion into the pT7CFE1-CHis plasmid.
  • Signaling Crosstalks: EGFR and TAZ in Breast Cancer

    White, Audrey Lucille (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    Breast cancer is driven by multiple molecular aberrations, transforming benign epithelial cells into metastatic cancer. Identification of key signaling nodes underlying metastasis and resistance to treatment is crucial to improving targeted therapies. This review examines two oncogenes driving epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the acquisition of cancer stem cell properties. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a well-established oncogene driving migration, survival, and proliferation, activates several downstream signaling cascades including the AKT and MAPK pathways. EGFR overexpression, mutation, and mislocalization are frequently observed in breast cancer. TAZ, transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif, induces and sustains EMT and is required for the acquisition of breast cancer stem cell traits. The emerging crosstalk between these pathways yields insights into early mammary tumorigenesis, epithelial plasticity, and the metastatic niche, suggesting novel avenues for the development of targeted therapies.
  • Tri Tri Again: The Physiology of Triathlon

    Wheeler, Marissa Pearle (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    The cardiovascular system plays an essential role in any endurance event. The Ironman Triathlon is a long distance event that is made up of a 2.4 mile swim, a 112 mile bike, and a 26.2 mile run for a total of 140.6 miles. Each segment of an Ironman Triathlon poses unique challenges to the cardiovascular system. In order to complete such a monstrous race cardiovascular adaptations occur during the chronic stress of training, and the body also makes acute adaptations during the metabolic stress of the race itself. These alterations of the heart, blood vessels, and the blood make the body more efficient at transporting oxygen and nutrients to the muscles via the circulatory system, at extracting oxygen and nutrients from red blood cells and into the tissues, and at maintaining homeostasis. The results of these changes are higher maximum heart rate, increased oxygen extraction, higher capillary bed density, higher mitochondrial density, increased VO2 max, increased cardiac output, better thermoregulation, and non-pathological hypertrophy of the heart. While an excessive amount of long-term vigorous endurance activity can have adverse impacts on the cardiovascular system, the body is surprisingly capable of racing such a long distance with the proper training adaptations.
  • Over and Over Again: A Study on Recounting and Reconstruing After Marital Separation

    Whatton, Alyssa (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    The present study explores the acts of recounting and reconstruing memories in participants following a marital separation. Six undergraduate judges listened to stream-of-consciousness (SOC) recordings about participants' separation, then rating the degree to which participants engaged in two patterns of self-reflective thought, recounting or reconstruing, which refer to dwelling on details with a self-immersed perspective or trying to uncover the meaning behind the experience with a self-distanced perspective, respectively. Judges’ ratings of these constructs were not only highly reliable, but recounting memories were positively correlated with self-reported rumination and negatively correlated with reconstruing memories as predicted. The results of this study provide evidence of not only third parties being able to accurately identify when a person is reconstruing and recounting, but that recounting and reconstruing are associated with many other constructs related to psychological distress.
  • Examining the Heart-Rate Variability of Horses in Equine-Assisted Therapy

    Whatley, Amber Rain (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    The purpose of this study was to monitor the heart-rate variabilities of humans and horses; specifically, these individuals were diagnosed with depression and/or anxiety, and interacted with the horse using, "heart focused breathing". The primary focus for measuring the equine heart rate variability (HRV) was to assess whether the horse found this process stressful or relaxing. A secondary focus was to identify what behaviors indicated that the horse was showing an interest in the person, and whether these behaviors were accompanied by HRV increases in the horse and human. The experimental design focused on at least three sessions of measuring both the horse and subject's HRV before, during, and after the interaction. The Polar Equine monitor was positioned around the horse's chest and data recorded for 5 minutes before and after the interaction and 8 minutes during the interaction. The average root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD) data overall showed a significant increase for both horses when they were interacting with the subjects, indicating that the horses experienced relaxation.
  • Constructing Different Ways with the Same Means: The Biochemical Basis of Within-Species Color Polymorphism

    Welu, Adam Lawrence (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    How are different carotenoid color phenotypes produced on the same biochemical network? Plumage of house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus) varies from light yellow to purple among individuals within and across populations. By mapping the network locations of carotenoids that make up yellow and red morphs, we can examine the mechanistic differences that underlie these color polymorphisms. Carotenoid color in birds is produced by dietary carotenoids that can be internally modified into other derived carotenoids through enzymatic reactions. Variation in color could be due to distinct diets, use of different enzymatic pathways, or differences in the amounts of compounds. I extracted carotenoids and constructed biochemical networks from the feathers of 67 red and 66 yellow individuals from populations in Arizona and Montana. I quantified the color of each individual's feathers and compared the network structure and the concentrations of the compounds between red and yellow morphs. Both differences in diet and which enzymatic pathways are used contribute to the color polymorphism in house finch plumage. Both morphs utilize the same dietary compounds, with yellow individuals producing distinct derived compounds and lower derived carotenoid concentrations overall. These results could shed light on mechanisms of population divergence and local adaptations in phenotypic traits.
  • Sustainable Fashion: Breaking the Myth

    Ward, Rachel Allyn (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    Sustainable fashion is "clothing, shoes, and accessories that are manufactured, marketed and used in the most sustainable manner possible, taking into account both environmental and socioeconomic aspects" (Green Strategy, 2017). Sustainable fashion has gained traction over the past 20 years amongst researchers, retailers, manufacturers, and especially consumers. For my thesis, I am investigating whether fashion retailers are truly reducing the environmental impacts of producing their apparel brands or if they are simply incorporating new consumer preferences into their business operations in an attempt to capture a new segment of consumers. I describe the current state of sustainable fashion, several retailers that have chosen to participate in the sustainable fashion movement, and how these retailers are currently serving their green customers. The retailers discussed throughout my thesis include both fast-fashion retailers and apparel brands that claim to sell sustainable fashion and market themselves as such to consumers. I will discuss their related supply chain operations, as well as the environmental and social impacts of those processes alongside attitudes and behaviors of green consumers. Based on my analysis, I offer conclusions as to whether sustainable fashion is, in fact, attainable.
  • The Effect of Computer-Assisted Technology on Auditor Litigation

    Wall, Matthew Ethan (The University of Arizona., 2017)
    With audit IT technology and data analytics changing at a quick pace, it's imperative that the industry adapts. The motivation for this paper stems from the accounting world and the Big 4 audit firms changing their demands on the profession. I conducted a three-cell-between-subjects experiment using 76 participants through Amazon Mechanical Turk regarding a hypothetical class action lawsuit against auditors for an undetected misstatement. The three conditions included a No IT available, IT available but not used, and IT available and used. My two hypotheses center from the Lowe et al. (2001) paper and how if IT during an audit fails, juries will have lower judgement and competence of the auditor. This paper studied the effect of computer-assisted audits on damage awards in auditor litigation based on evaluative judgments of auditor effort. Following the case, participants answered a series of questions to capture bias and feelings about the auditors. The results supported prior research of the link between evaluative judgments and damage assessments, but did not find the primary, novel hypotheses to be significant. The limitations of this study were the use of MTurk instead of a real jury and the potential bias that people have on the accounting profession.

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