KeywordsCrystallization -- Mathematical models
Crystal growth -- Mathematical models
Theophylline -- Solubility
Thymine -- Solubility
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe objectives of this work are to characterize and model the solvent-mediated phase transformation process of theophylline anhydrous crystals to the monohydrate crystals in an aqueous system. In order to model the transformation, the following processes are taken into account: (1) the dissolution kinetics of theophylline anhydrous crystals, (2) the kinetics of the formation of theophylline monohydrate nuclei, and (3) the growth kinetics of the monohydrate crystals. The driving forces for the above processes are determined from the concentration of theophylline in the solution and the solubilities of theophylline anhydrous and monohydrate. The solubilities of theophylline anhydrous and the monohydrate, and these three distinct processes along with the overall transformation phenomena were investigated in the present study. By using theophylline as a model compound we have gained some understanding of the kinetics of the solvent-mediated phase transformation between the metastable anhydrous form and the stable hydrated form of an organic compound and we were able to model the transformation process. By identifying the mechanisms for nucleation, growth of the hydrate form and the dissolution of the anhydrous form one can predict and control the transformation process. The growth kinetics of thymine monohydrate crystals at various temperatures are also investigated in the present study.
Degree ProgramPharmaceutical Sciences