ABOUT THE COLLECTION

The UA Master's Theses Collection provides open access to masters theses and reports produced at the University of Arizona, including theses submitted online from 2005-present and theses from 1895-2005 that were digitized from microfilm and print holdings, in addition to master's reports from the College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture from 1966 onwards. The collection includes hundreds of titles not available in ProQuest.

We have digitized the entire backfile of master's theses and doctoral dissertations that have been submitted to the University of Arizona Libraries - since 1895! If you can't find the item you want in the repository and would like to check its digitization status, please contact us.

The UA Master's Theses collection is not comprehensive; master's theses from 1993-2015 were only received and archived by the UA Library and ProQuest if the student chose to pay the optional archiving fee. The Library does not have copies of many master's theses submitted during this time period. Some academic departments may keep copies of theses submitted to their programs. Colleges and departments wishing to archive master's theses not available in the University Libraries are encouraged to contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.

QUESTIONS?

Please refer to the Dissertations and Theses in the UA Libraries guide for more details about UA Theses and Dissertations, and to find materials that are not available online. Email repository@u.library.arizona.edu with your questions about UA Theses and Dissertations.


Recent Submissions

  • The relationship of depression and self-transcendence among community-living Japanese elders

    Suzuki, Mitsuko (The University of Arizona., 1999)
    This study is a replication of a study originally conducted on American elders. Since all cultures share common pathways in developing their life cycles, the Western lifespan developmental framework was applied to Japanese elders living in Japan. A descriptive correlational study was designed. The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between self-transcendence, depression, and demographics among healthy Japanese older adults residing in the community. The findings from a sample of 33 elders include a significant inverse correlation between depression and perceived health. No significant relationship was found between the STS and CESD overall. However, significant relationships were found between depression and three STS items: sharing wisdom, enjoying pace of life, adjusting to present life situation. In terms of demographics, the perception of health and size of household were the most important correlates of Japanese elders' depression. Because of the small sample size and measurement problems, these findings are inconclusive yet encouraging concerning the relationship between Japanese older adults' self-transcendence and depression.
  • Reflections on elder image of caregivers after death of the elder

    Dominguez, Socorro Escandon (The University of Arizona., 1994)
    The purposes of the study were (1) to compare the caregiver's mental image of the elder at three different points in their relationship with the elder and (2) determine what end-of-life decisions were made by the caregiver as surrogate, and how these decisions were discussed in order to ensure the elder's autonomy. Quantitative analysis was used to compare scores from the Elder Image Scale (EIS) for time 1 and time 2 taken from a previous study entitled Causal Relationships Affecting the Quality of Family Caregiving together with scores obtained after death (time 3 from this study). Qualitative analysis was used for data obtained during interviews of ten informants. Thirteen theme categories were identified from three open-ended questions. Symbolic interactionism theory was used to describe the process used in surrogate decision making regarding end-of-life decisions for the elder.
  • Professional nursing practice in medical-surgical and intensive care units : changes after implementation of an innovative practice model

    Duff, Isabel (The University of Arizona., 1994)
    The purpose of this study was to describe the differences in professional practice variables and work satisfaction among medical-surgical (MS) Registered Nurses (RNs) and intensive care unit (ICU) RNs before and after implementation of an innovative nursing practice model. A two-group, cross-sectional descriptive design with a sample of 166 RNs at baseline, and 143 RNs post-baseline was utilized. Secondary analysis of self-report data gathered for the Differentiated Group Professional Practice project was conducted. ICU RNs evidenced significantly higher levels of autonomy than MS subjects only at baseline. After implementation, MS RNs reported significantly higher levels of satisfaction within organizational commitment, control over nursing practice, group cohesion, total work satisfaction, and in pay, nurse interaction and organizational policy. ICU RN means decreased in all professional practice variables, and in three of the subscales for work satisfaction over time. The findings indicate that innovative practice models work in MS units, may require a longer period of time to fully implement in ICUs, and should be studied further.
  • The relationship between a pregnant adolescent's self-esteem and her perceived communication with her father or father-figure

    Hamilton, Jan D. (The University of Arizona., 1999)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between a pregnant adolescent's self-esteem and her perceived communication with her father or father-figure. The specific population used for the study was pregnant female adolescents aged 14-17 enrolled in a Teenage Parenting Program (TAPP). The Harter Adolescent Self-Perception Profile and The Parent-Adolescent Communication Scale were administered to a convenience sample (N = 25) and the collected data were analyzed using a descriptive research design. The sample studied was predominantly Hispanic in ethnicity and of low socioeconomic status. Global self-worth mean scores were in the high range and perceived communication with father mean scores were in the average range for the participants. Higher than norm scores for physical appearance were found which correlated highly (r = . 751) with global self-esteem. One relationship of significance was found between the self-esteem domain of Behavioral Conduct and perceived communication with father or father-figure.
  • Transforming and relating : re-integrating the professional nurse into the work-place after substance dependency treatment

    Axer, Mark S. (The University of Arizona., 1994)
    The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe the social processes which facilitate or obstruct recovering nurses' reentry into the clinical work setting. Utilizing grounded theory methodology four recovering substance dependent registered nurses described their experience during open ended interviews. A constant comparative analysis of the data was conducted. Re-integration into the work-place consisted of an inner transformation and reorganization of relationships with others. Inner transformation originated with recognizing harmful aspects of the self which arose from substance dependency. The four recovering nurses used strategies to transform these harmful aspects of their character into positive attributes. Two factors characterized the process of re-creating relationships with others. First, nurses' return to work disrupted roles, created discomfort in others, and generated stigma and discrimination. Second, restrictions to practice, and treatment and 12 step support aided the nurses' recovery.
  • Evaluation of a videotaped discharge teaching program for liver transplant patients and their families

    Johnston, Robert Stephen (The University of Arizona., 1999)
    Liver transplantation has become increasingly common for patients with end-stage liver disease in cases where other medical and surgical procedures have failed. In the years up to and including 1994, over 7000 liver transplants were performed in the United States, with over half those occurring in 1994 alone. Liver transplants are expensive, costing approximately $119,000 per transplant. Moreover, the follow-up care that patients and their families must carry out to avoid complications is complex. Although care givers attempt to teach patients what they need to know to manage their transplants, managed care has shortened hospital stays so that staff teaching time is barely adequate. The result is hospital readmissions, unnecessary use of scarce resources and even death. Any tool that can enhance patient learning has the potential to save both scarce resources and lives. The purpose of the exploratory descriptive research reported here was to investigate the efficacy of videotaped instruction as an additional tool for teaching liver transplant recipients and their families about their transplant medications. A seventeen minute videotape was produced by University of Arizona students using resources available from the Computer Center for Instructional Technology, University of Arizona College of Nursing and University Medical Center Transplant Services. Nineteen adult liver transplant patients and/or family members viewed the videotaped instructions. Comparison of their pretest and posttest scores on a 50- item medication knowledge test revealed significantly higher posttest scores. These initial results suggest that developing videotaped instruction can be a cost-effective patient teaching method.
  • Benefits and barriers to smoking cessation in the Mexican American population

    Williams, Evelyn Louise (The University of Arizona., 1992)
    A descriptive correlational study investigated the relationship between level of acculturation, selected demographic factors, and the benefits and barriers to smoking cessation. Thirty adult Mexican Americans who smoked, were in the process of stopping to smoke, or had already stopped smoking, comprised the convenience sample. Three questionnaires, Acculturation Rating Scale for l\11exican Americans, Benefits/Barriers Scale, and a Demographics Questionnaire were used. A significant negative correlation was found between the level of acculturation and the benefits to smoking cessation. A significant positive correlation was found between the barrier factor group of realism and level of acculturation. No other significant correlations were found between age, gender, and the number of attempts to stop smoking with the benefits or barriers to smoking cessation. The findings may be useful in planning community health nursing culturally sensitive smoking cessation programs.
  • Breast self examination by women : is age associated with frequency?

    Laloudakis, Despina (The University of Arizona., 1999)
    A descriptive study was conducted on the breast self examination (BSE) practices among women they relate to the constructs (susceptibility, motivation, confidence, barriers to BSE, benefits to BSE, and seriousness) in the Health Belief Model Scales (HBMS) developed by Champion (1993). A convenience sample of 75 community based women (n=25/group) in three age groupings (20-35 yrs; 36-55 yrs; and 56-75 yrs) was used for comparisons. Significant differences were detected among age groups on frequency of BSE and on the perceived susceptibility and confidence subscales of the HBMS. Differences among age groups on regular performance of BSE were not statistically significant, although differences did approach significance. Level of education was significantly related to the susceptibility subscale of the HBMS. Frequency of BSE was significantly correlated with the perceived benefits of HBMS and the perceived barriers subscales of the HBMS.
  • Quality of life of patients supported with the portable left ventricular assist device

    Jaffe, Christianne Dimassis (The University of Arizona., 1999)
    A descriptive longitudinal design evaluated the quality of life of 11 subjects supported by the portable Novacor LVAS and well enough to be discharged from the hospital to a self-care setting. Quality of life was defined by scores on a modified Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). The SIP assessed physical and social functioning. Scores were evaluated at "readiness for discharge" and at subsequent intervals. Cumulative adverse event scores were related to SIP scores.· Quality of life improved during the 60 days after readiness for discharge. The improvement in quality of life was ·mostly due to lessened physical disability (p=0.005 at 30 days, p=0.017 at 60 days). Social interaction showed a tendency toward improvement but did not reach statistical significance. There was no significant correlation between the cumulative number of adverse events and SIP scores at any interval. Quality of life improved and was not related to the number of adverse events experienced by patients supported with the LVAS in this study.
  • Control over nursing practice

    Dahlen, Mary Theresa (The University of Arizona., 1995)
    The purpose of the study was to describe nursing staff attitudes and perceptions of empowerment as reflected by control over nursing practice in two community hospitals. The conceptual orientation focused on leadership as a mechanism to promote staff empowerment. Attitudinal data were obtained using a cross-sectional survey design. The Control Over Nursing Practice Scale elicited self-reported. perceptions of decision making, authority to act, planning, innovation, staffing, and communication. Range of scores on the scale can be between 21 and 147. The mean total score for RNs was 110.32, indicating a relatively high level of control over nursing practice. There were no significant differences between the two hospitals, but some differences were identified among service areas. Results of this study provide a baseline measurement for assessing possible administrative changes in the future. Understanding the current attitudes and perceptions of control over practice can help nursing leaders plan strategies to promote empowerment.
  • Health locus of control, value orientations, and health behaviors in Mormon women

    Cesarotti, Evelyn L. (The University of Arizona., 1983)
    A descriptive study was the relationships among health orientations and health behavior conducted to investigate locus of control, value in a specific subculture group of Mormon women. A convenience sample of 59 Mormon women who resided in a rural area of southeastern Arizona participated in the study. Four questionnaires were administered to the group to test health locus of control, health value,· health behaviors, and general value orientations. Findings revealed that the group had high Self Control Over Health beliefs (a measure of internal locus of control), rated health as their third highest value, and had a high level of positive health behaviors. General value orientations indicated that the group was future oriented, valued family solidarity, and was interested in self improvement and accomplishment.
  • The lumbar puncture : perceptions of leukemic children

    Dunscomb, Denise Renee (The University of Arizona., 1982)
    This thesis of a leukemic child's view of a lumbar puncture experience explored the question: What cultural knowledge informs the behavior of leukemic children experiencing a lumbar puncture. Data collection followed the ethnographic interview technique (Spradley, 1979). Four informants were individually interviewed four times. Data was analyzed after each interview and presented for verification by the informant. Seven culturally relevant domains were analyzed and include: "Parts of spinal tap process," "Kinds of people doing spinal tap with me," "Characteristics of the hurting experience," "Things that help during spinal tap," "Attributes of things I think about," "Kinds of spinal taps," and "Things to tell people." Domain analysis revealed six cultural themes: "Get a good doctor," "We don't like surprises," Eight-year-old boys need their parents, Getting my mind on other things, I need to "hold on," and You can't see behind your back. Recommendations for care of leukemic children experiencing lumbar punctures were suggested along with recommendations for further research.
  • Cultural meaning of pregnancy and childbirth among Mexican-American women

    Miller, Connie Sue (The University of Arizona., 1995)
    This study explored the cultural meaning of pregnancy and childbirth among Mexican-American women. Ethnographic interviews were conducted with a homogeneous sample of five Mexican-American women. The domains of meaning identified are: Health-promoting behaviors during pregnancy, Unhealthy behaviors during pregnancy, Health-promoting behaviors postpartum, Unhealthy behaviors postpartum, Kinds of things done to maintain baby's health, and Cultural expectations of women. The four cultural themes that emerged from the data analysis are: 1. Religious beliefs are important in the promotion of a healthy pregnancy and in the prevention of problems during pregnancy and following birth. 2. Maintaining health during pregnancy and postpartum involves many things that should be done as well as many things that should be avoided. 3. Traditional cultural rules and beliefs guide health care practices during the prenatal and postpartum period. 4. The fetus and newborn infant are particularly vulnerable to illnesses or outside influences, requiring special care and precautions.
  • The essential structure of the lived experience of long term oxygen therapy in elderly persons with COPD

    DeVries, Margaret Ruth (The University of Arizona., 1994)
    To explore the experience of being on long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) the research methodology of phenomenology was used. Four persons on LTOT longer than one year were interviewed using an open-ended question. Interviews were audio-tape recorded, then analyzed using an adaptation of Colaizzi's eight step procedure. Nine theme categories were identified: (1) Ravages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), (2) Adjustment to LTOT, (3) Acceptance of LTOT, (4) Oxygen: The Unwelcome Lifeline, (5) Making It Through: Internal and External Resources, (6) striving for Normalcy, (7) When Determination and Ingenuity Aren't Enough, (8) Perceptions and Influences of Others, and (9) Relationships With Healthcare: A Mixed Bag. The essential structure of being on LTOT derived from theme categories indicated adjustment to LTOT occurs within the context of COPD. Restrictions placed by COPD and LTOT result in a struggle to continue to find meaning and quality in life. The support of others is acknowledged as essential to survival.
  • Nutritional risk and nutritional profiles of elderly men and women

    Wright, Regina Lynn (The University of Arizona., 1993)
    The risk for nutritional problems and the nutritional profiles of 40 community living women and men were examined utilizing assessment tools from the National Nutrition Screening Initiative (NNSI). Women and men over sixty years of age were asked to complete questionnaires concerning dietary patterns, living environments, income and education levels. Differences in nutritional risk scores of elderly women and men were not statistically significant. Eating behavior scores among women and men from the nutritional profiles questionnaire were significanctely different at the p<.05 level. Correlations between total risk scores and eating behaviors were statistically significant for both groups. Correlations between living environment and risk scores was also significant for the men tested. Multiple regression analysis revealed significant differences in eating behaviors and living environment between men and women and significant differences in the interaction between gender and risk assessment total scores
  • An analysis of sociodemographic and health-related variables related to occurrence and treatment outcome in Mexican American and non-Hispanic white clients diagnosed with alcohol-related disorders

    Garduño, Rosemarie (The University of Arizona., 1995)
    This study analyzed sociodemographic and health-related variables related to occurrence and treatment outcome in Mexican American and non-Hispanic white clients diagnosed with alcohol-related disorders. A sample of 551 clients diagnosed with alcohol abuse and dependence in a community treatment center were analyzed in the context of three research questions. Demographic and treatment outcome comparisons were made between two prominent ethnic groups--Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites. A demographic and health risk profile was derived utilizing standard statistical methods. The findings of the study suggest that Mexican Americans differ from non-Hispanic whites in various demographic characteristics and treatment outcome variables. However, considerable cross-cultural complexity exists such that more refined comparisons are essential in order to derive meaningful program design and clinical treatment strategies.
  • Validation of urinary incontinence as a nursing diagnosis in Hispanic and non-Hispanic women

    Hsueh, Kuei-Hsiang (The University of Arizona., 1994)
    This descriptive study used the clinical-retrospective model proposed by Gordon and Sweeney (1979) to clinical identify and validate the defining characteristics for three nursing diagnoses: stress, urge and mixed urinary incontinence in Hispanic (n = 28) and non-Hispanic women (n = 135). Significant differences found between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women were associated with the number of live births and two minor defining characteristics, 'loss when coughing, sneezing, laughing' and 'loss when running' for urge and mixed incontinence, respectively. Characteristics of urge incontinence were different between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. Major defining characteristics reflected these identified in one previous study by Woodtli and Sidani (1993). The increased level of specificity of the major and minor defining characteristics contrasts with defining characteristics related to urge and stress incontinence currently defined by NANDA. Mixed incontinence was validated as a potential nursing diagnosis in both ethnic groups.
  • The relationship of hardiness and coping in patients receiving hemodialysis

    Williams, Debora Null (The University of Arizona., 1994)
    Patients' adaptation to chronic influenced by the personality trait coping. The purpose of this study was relationship between hardiness, coping illness may of hardiness to describe strategies, 8be and the and selected demographic variables of 26 end stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis. The Health-Related Hardiness Scale measured the characteristic of hardiness; the Jalowiec Coping Scale measured the use of coping strategies. Statistical analysis indicated as age increased, use of coping strategies (except for the emotive strategy) and the hardiness characteristic, control, decreased. Women use more coping methods than men and Native Americans use significantly more emotive coping methods than White:non- Hispanics. A positive relationship exists between the hardiness subscale of committment/challenge and the optimistic coping subscale.
  • Factors related to maternal feeding practices of mothers of Mexican American and Anglo obese preschool children

    Chen, Shu-Wen (The University of Arizona., 1995)
    The purpose of this secondary analysis of data was to investigate the relationship between a maternal behavioral factor and maternal cognitive/perceptual factors in Mexican American and Anglo obese preschool children. The maternal behavior factor was represented by maternal feeding practices. The maternal cognitive/perceptual factors were represented by the maternal nutritional knowledge, acculturation level, values of perceived personal control over body weight, and ideal infant body size. The purposive sample consisted of 33 pairs of Mexican American and 15 pairs of Anglo mothers with obese children. The findings indicated that maternal knowledge, value of perceived personal control over body weight and acculturation level were related to maternal feeding practices. The results suggest directions for developing prevention programs for childhood obesity.
  • Reliability and validity of the clinical neurologic assessment (CNA) tool in elderly adults with brain injury

    Cavanaugh, Ellen Mary (The University of Arizona., 1995)
    The Clinical Neurologic Assessment (CNA) Instrument (Crosby & Parsons, 1989) was developed to assess for subtle changes in the level of consciousness of traumatically brain injured individuals. The instrument has been refined from a 56-item tool to a nine-item tool. This research determined the reliability and validity of the refined nine-item CNA instruments when used to assess brain injured elderly. Internal Consistency of the CNA using Cronbach' alpha demonstrated the total CNA estimated at .96. Concurrent validity of the CNA using Pearson's Product-Moment Correlation Coefficients was .94 for the CNA and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) . The CNA proved to be a reliable and valid instrument for determining changes in the level of consciousness in the elderly brain injured patient.

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