High-precision radiocarbon dating of political collapse and dynastic origins at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/623539
Title:
High-precision radiocarbon dating of political collapse and dynastic origins at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala
Author:
Inomata, Takeshi; Triadan, Daniela; MacLellan, Jessica; Burham, Melissa; Aoyama, Kazuo; Palomo, Juan Manuel; Yonenobu, Hitoshi; Pinzón, Flory; Nasu, Hiroo
Affiliation:
School of Anthropology, University of Arizona
Issue Date:
2017-02-07
Publisher:
NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Citation:
High-precision radiocarbon dating of political collapse and dynastic origins at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala 2017, 114 (6):1293 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rights:
Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by National Academy of Sciences.
Collection Information:
This item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.
Abstract:
The lowland Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala, had a long history of occupation, spanning from the Middle Preclassic Period through the Terminal Classic (1000 BC to AD 950). The Ceibal-Petexbatun Archaeological Project has been conducting archaeological investigations at this site since 2005 and has obtained 154 radiocarbon dates, which represent the largest collection of radiocarbon assays from a single Maya site. The Bayesian analysis of these dates, combined with a detailed study of ceramics, allowed us to develop a high-precision chronology for Ceibal. Through this chronology, we traced the trajectories of the Preclassic collapse around AD 150–300 and the Classic collapse around AD 800–950, revealing similar patterns in the two cases. Social instability started with the intensification of warfare around 75 BC and AD 735, respectively, followed by the fall of multiple centers across the Maya lowlands around AD 150 and 810. The population of Ceibal persisted for some time in both cases, but the center eventually experienced major decline around AD 300 and 900. Despite these similarities in their diachronic trajectories, the outcomes of these collapses were different, with the former associated with the development of dynasties centered on divine rulership and the latter leading to their downfalls. The Ceibal dynasty emerged during the period of low population after the Preclassic collapse, suggesting that this dynasty was placed under the influence from, or by the direct intervention of, an external power.
Note:
No embargo; published online before print on January 23, 2017
ISSN:
0027-8424; 1091-6490
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1618022114
Keywords:
Maya archaeology; political collapse; dynastic origins; radiocarbon dating; Bayesian statistics
Version:
Final accepted manuscript
Sponsors:
Alphawood Foundation; National Geographic Society; National Science Foundation [BCS-0750808, BCS-1518794]; National Endowment for the Humanities [RZ-51209-10]; Agnese Nelms Haury Program of the University of Arizona; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan [21101003, 21101002]; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI [21402008, 26101002, 26101003]
Additional Links:
http://www.pnas.org/lookup/doi/10.1073/pnas.1618022114

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorInomata, Takeshien
dc.contributor.authorTriadan, Danielaen
dc.contributor.authorMacLellan, Jessicaen
dc.contributor.authorBurham, Melissaen
dc.contributor.authorAoyama, Kazuoen
dc.contributor.authorPalomo, Juan Manuelen
dc.contributor.authorYonenobu, Hitoshien
dc.contributor.authorPinzón, Floryen
dc.contributor.authorNasu, Hirooen
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-19T00:28:21Z-
dc.date.available2017-05-19T00:28:21Z-
dc.date.issued2017-02-07-
dc.identifier.citationHigh-precision radiocarbon dating of political collapse and dynastic origins at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala 2017, 114 (6):1293 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesen
dc.identifier.issn0027-8424-
dc.identifier.issn1091-6490-
dc.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.1618022114-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/623539-
dc.description.abstractThe lowland Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala, had a long history of occupation, spanning from the Middle Preclassic Period through the Terminal Classic (1000 BC to AD 950). The Ceibal-Petexbatun Archaeological Project has been conducting archaeological investigations at this site since 2005 and has obtained 154 radiocarbon dates, which represent the largest collection of radiocarbon assays from a single Maya site. The Bayesian analysis of these dates, combined with a detailed study of ceramics, allowed us to develop a high-precision chronology for Ceibal. Through this chronology, we traced the trajectories of the Preclassic collapse around AD 150–300 and the Classic collapse around AD 800–950, revealing similar patterns in the two cases. Social instability started with the intensification of warfare around 75 BC and AD 735, respectively, followed by the fall of multiple centers across the Maya lowlands around AD 150 and 810. The population of Ceibal persisted for some time in both cases, but the center eventually experienced major decline around AD 300 and 900. Despite these similarities in their diachronic trajectories, the outcomes of these collapses were different, with the former associated with the development of dynasties centered on divine rulership and the latter leading to their downfalls. The Ceibal dynasty emerged during the period of low population after the Preclassic collapse, suggesting that this dynasty was placed under the influence from, or by the direct intervention of, an external power.en
dc.description.sponsorshipAlphawood Foundation; National Geographic Society; National Science Foundation [BCS-0750808, BCS-1518794]; National Endowment for the Humanities [RZ-51209-10]; Agnese Nelms Haury Program of the University of Arizona; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan [21101003, 21101002]; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI [21402008, 26101002, 26101003]en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNATL ACAD SCIENCESen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.pnas.org/lookup/doi/10.1073/pnas.1618022114en
dc.rightsCopyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by National Academy of Sciences.en
dc.subjectMaya archaeologyen
dc.subjectpolitical collapseen
dc.subjectdynastic originsen
dc.subjectradiocarbon datingen
dc.subjectBayesian statisticsen
dc.titleHigh-precision radiocarbon dating of political collapse and dynastic origins at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemalaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Anthropology, University of Arizonaen
dc.identifier.journalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesen
dc.description.noteNo embargo; published online before print on January 23, 2017en
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten
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