Implications of Statistical and Dynamical Downscaling Methods on Streamflow Projections for the Colorado River Basin

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/620708
Title:
Implications of Statistical and Dynamical Downscaling Methods on Streamflow Projections for the Colorado River Basin
Author:
Mukherjee, Rajarshi
Issue Date:
2016
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
An ensemble of 11 dynamically downscaled CMIP3 GCMs under A2 projection scenario are first bias corrected for the historic (1971-2000) and scenario (2041-2070) period using a Scaled Distribution Mapping (SDM) technique, that preserves the relative change in the monthly mean and variance of precipitation and any model trends in temperature to generate an ensemble of streamflow projections across 3 catchments in the Colorado River basin - Upper Colorado at Lees Ferry, Salt and Verde. The hydroclimatic projections obtained from this method are compared against an existing ensemble of 15 Bias Corrected and Spatially Disaggregated (BCSD) CMIP3 models under A2 projection scenario developed by the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR). The confidence in the DD Ens. stems from its ability to represent historical flow quantiles better than BCSD Ens. Across all three basins, the mean of the dynamically downscaled ensemble (DD Ens.) projects a decrease in both monsoon and winter projected precipitation as compared to mean of the statistically downscaled ensemble (BCSD Ens.). For the Upper Colorado, both Ens. show a shift in peak hydrograph from June to May due to earlier snowmelt, but a projected decrease in precipitation (-5%) by DD Ens. as compared to a slight increase (+2%) by BCSD Ens. results in a lower April snow water equivalent (SWE) and reduced streamflows (14% by DD Ens. as compared to 5% by BCSD Ens.). The streamflow decrease over the Upper Colorado River basin, quantified by both the mean and the spread of the ensemble. is representative in high flows and flows during moist conditions. For smaller basins like Salt and Verde, DD Ens. shows a greater decrease (-11%) in precipitation than BCSD Ens. (-2%), which results in lower peak hydrograph during March and significantly reduced streamflows (-20%&-14% for Salt and Verde by DD Ens. as compared to -3% by BCSD Ens.). This decrease is more substantial in high flows, but occurs across all streamflow quantiles. The future streamflow projection, quantified by the spread of the DD Ens. presents the shifting of the streamflow range downward to be drier in the future.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Keywords:
Colorado River; Downscaling; Regional Climate Modeling; Hydrology; Climate Change
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Hydrology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Troch, Peter A.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleImplications of Statistical and Dynamical Downscaling Methods on Streamflow Projections for the Colorado River Basinen_US
dc.creatorMukherjee, Rajarshien
dc.contributor.authorMukherjee, Rajarshien
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractAn ensemble of 11 dynamically downscaled CMIP3 GCMs under A2 projection scenario are first bias corrected for the historic (1971-2000) and scenario (2041-2070) period using a Scaled Distribution Mapping (SDM) technique, that preserves the relative change in the monthly mean and variance of precipitation and any model trends in temperature to generate an ensemble of streamflow projections across 3 catchments in the Colorado River basin - Upper Colorado at Lees Ferry, Salt and Verde. The hydroclimatic projections obtained from this method are compared against an existing ensemble of 15 Bias Corrected and Spatially Disaggregated (BCSD) CMIP3 models under A2 projection scenario developed by the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR). The confidence in the DD Ens. stems from its ability to represent historical flow quantiles better than BCSD Ens. Across all three basins, the mean of the dynamically downscaled ensemble (DD Ens.) projects a decrease in both monsoon and winter projected precipitation as compared to mean of the statistically downscaled ensemble (BCSD Ens.). For the Upper Colorado, both Ens. show a shift in peak hydrograph from June to May due to earlier snowmelt, but a projected decrease in precipitation (-5%) by DD Ens. as compared to a slight increase (+2%) by BCSD Ens. results in a lower April snow water equivalent (SWE) and reduced streamflows (14% by DD Ens. as compared to 5% by BCSD Ens.). The streamflow decrease over the Upper Colorado River basin, quantified by both the mean and the spread of the ensemble. is representative in high flows and flows during moist conditions. For smaller basins like Salt and Verde, DD Ens. shows a greater decrease (-11%) in precipitation than BCSD Ens. (-2%), which results in lower peak hydrograph during March and significantly reduced streamflows (-20%&-14% for Salt and Verde by DD Ens. as compared to -3% by BCSD Ens.). This decrease is more substantial in high flows, but occurs across all streamflow quantiles. The future streamflow projection, quantified by the spread of the DD Ens. presents the shifting of the streamflow range downward to be drier in the future.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
dc.subjectColorado Riveren
dc.subjectDownscalingen
dc.subjectRegional Climate Modelingen
dc.subjectHydrologyen
dc.subjectClimate Changeen
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineHydrologyen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorTroch, Peter A.en
dc.contributor.committeememberChang, Hsin-Ien
dc.contributor.committeememberCastro, Christopher L.en
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