Beyond the Sun: A New Approach to the East-West Orientation of Archaic Greek Temples

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/620699
Title:
Beyond the Sun: A New Approach to the East-West Orientation of Archaic Greek Temples
Author:
Zelikovsky, Melanie
Issue Date:
2016
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The east-west alignment of Archaic Greek temples is a feature of their architecture that has not been discussed within its archaeological or historical contexts. Scholars have attempted to discern reasons behind the fact that most Archaic Greek temples face east. But, these explanations are limited in that they do not take into account that an east-west alignment persisted as an architectural feature from the Late Bronze Age through to the Archaic Period. The rise of the Greek polis or city-state also plays a vital role in the development of Greek sacred architecture; by the end of the eighth century when aristocratic control results in the unification of villages to form the polis as we know it, temple architecture develops into the canonical Doric or Ionic forms. Orientation is no exception to this standardization.I have conducted a statistical analysis of 84 cult buildings from the Late Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, eighth century BCE, and Archaic period. Not only is there a consistent trend for Greek cult buildings to be aligned along an east-west axis, but this trend is not random. The deliberate choice to align temples and cult buildings on this axis certainly has religious significance and may well incorporate many factors, such as topographical and climatic concerns, and the position of various astronomical bodies. However, this thesis provides not only a new interpretation of Greek temple orientation, but also a survey of Greek architectural trends that span a millennium.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Keywords:
Classics
Degree Name:
M.A.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Classics
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Voyatzis, Mary E.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleBeyond the Sun: A New Approach to the East-West Orientation of Archaic Greek Templesen_US
dc.creatorZelikovsky, Melanieen
dc.contributor.authorZelikovsky, Melanieen
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractThe east-west alignment of Archaic Greek temples is a feature of their architecture that has not been discussed within its archaeological or historical contexts. Scholars have attempted to discern reasons behind the fact that most Archaic Greek temples face east. But, these explanations are limited in that they do not take into account that an east-west alignment persisted as an architectural feature from the Late Bronze Age through to the Archaic Period. The rise of the Greek polis or city-state also plays a vital role in the development of Greek sacred architecture; by the end of the eighth century when aristocratic control results in the unification of villages to form the polis as we know it, temple architecture develops into the canonical Doric or Ionic forms. Orientation is no exception to this standardization.I have conducted a statistical analysis of 84 cult buildings from the Late Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, eighth century BCE, and Archaic period. Not only is there a consistent trend for Greek cult buildings to be aligned along an east-west axis, but this trend is not random. The deliberate choice to align temples and cult buildings on this axis certainly has religious significance and may well incorporate many factors, such as topographical and climatic concerns, and the position of various astronomical bodies. However, this thesis provides not only a new interpretation of Greek temple orientation, but also a survey of Greek architectural trends that span a millennium.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
dc.subjectClassicsen
thesis.degree.nameM.A.en
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineClassicsen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorVoyatzis, Mary E.en
dc.contributor.committeememberSoren, Daviden
dc.contributor.committeememberHasaki, Elenien
dc.contributor.committeememberRomano, David G.en
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