Cosmological test with the QSO Hubble diagram

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/615119
Title:
Cosmological test with the QSO Hubble diagram
Author:
López-Corredoira, M.; Melia, F.; Lusso, E.; Risaliti, G.
Affiliation:
The University of Arizona
Issue Date:
2016-04
Publisher:
World Scientific Publishing
Citation:
Cosmological test with the QSO Hubble diagram 2016, 25 (05):1650060 International Journal of Modern Physics D
Journal:
International Journal of Modern Physics D
Rights:
© World Scientific Publishing Company
Collection Information:
This item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.
Abstract:
A Hubble diagram (HD) has recently been constructed in the redshift range $0\lesssim z\lesssim 6.5$ using a non-linear relation between the ultraviolet and X-ray luminosities of QSOs. The Type Ia SN HD has already provided a high-precision test of cosmological models, but the fact that the QSO distribution extends well beyond the supernova range ($z\lesssim 1.8$), in principle provides us with an important complementary diagnostic whose significantly greater leverage in $z$ can impose tighter constraints on the distance versus redshift relationship. In this paper, we therefore perform an independent test of nine different cosmological models, among which six are expanding, while three are static. Many of these are disfavoured by other kinds of observations (including the aforementioned Type Ia SNe). We wish to examine whether the QSO HD confirms or rejects these earlier conclusions. We find that four of these models (Einstein-de Sitter, the Milne universe, the Static Universe with simple tired light and the Static universe with plasma tired light) are excluded at the $>99\%$ C.L. The Quasi-Steady State Model is excluded at $>95$\% C.L. The remaining four models ($\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM, the $R_{\rm h}=ct$ Universe, the Friedmann open universe and a Static universe with a linear Hubble law) all pass the test. However, only $\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM and $R_{\rm h}=ct$ also pass the Alcock-Paczy\'nski (AP) test. The optimized parameters in $\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM are $\Omega _m=0.20^{+0.24}_{-0.20}$ and $w_{de}=-1.2^{+1.6}_{-\infty }$ (the dark-energy equation-of-state). Combined with the AP test, these values become $\Omega _m=0.38^{+0.20}_{-0.19}$ and $w_{de}=-0.28^{+0.52}_{-0.40}$. But whereas this optimization of parameters in $\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM creates some tension with their concordance values, the $R_{\rm h}=ct$ Universe has the advantage of fitting the QSO and AP data without any free parameters.
Note:
Published 28 March 2016. 12 month embargo.
ISSN:
0218-2718; 1793-6594
DOI:
10.1142/S0218271816500607
Keywords:
cosmology; quasars
Version:
Final accepted manuscript
Additional Links:
http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/10.1142/S0218271816500607

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Corredoira, M.en
dc.contributor.authorMelia, F.en
dc.contributor.authorLusso, E.en
dc.contributor.authorRisaliti, G.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-30T00:49:13Z-
dc.date.available2016-06-30T00:49:13Z-
dc.date.issued2016-04-
dc.identifier.citationCosmological test with the QSO Hubble diagram 2016, 25 (05):1650060 International Journal of Modern Physics Den
dc.identifier.issn0218-2718-
dc.identifier.issn1793-6594-
dc.identifier.doi10.1142/S0218271816500607-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/615119-
dc.description.abstractA Hubble diagram (HD) has recently been constructed in the redshift range $0\lesssim z\lesssim 6.5$ using a non-linear relation between the ultraviolet and X-ray luminosities of QSOs. The Type Ia SN HD has already provided a high-precision test of cosmological models, but the fact that the QSO distribution extends well beyond the supernova range ($z\lesssim 1.8$), in principle provides us with an important complementary diagnostic whose significantly greater leverage in $z$ can impose tighter constraints on the distance versus redshift relationship. In this paper, we therefore perform an independent test of nine different cosmological models, among which six are expanding, while three are static. Many of these are disfavoured by other kinds of observations (including the aforementioned Type Ia SNe). We wish to examine whether the QSO HD confirms or rejects these earlier conclusions. We find that four of these models (Einstein-de Sitter, the Milne universe, the Static Universe with simple tired light and the Static universe with plasma tired light) are excluded at the $>99\%$ C.L. The Quasi-Steady State Model is excluded at $>95$\% C.L. The remaining four models ($\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM, the $R_{\rm h}=ct$ Universe, the Friedmann open universe and a Static universe with a linear Hubble law) all pass the test. However, only $\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM and $R_{\rm h}=ct$ also pass the Alcock-Paczy\'nski (AP) test. The optimized parameters in $\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM are $\Omega _m=0.20^{+0.24}_{-0.20}$ and $w_{de}=-1.2^{+1.6}_{-\infty }$ (the dark-energy equation-of-state). Combined with the AP test, these values become $\Omega _m=0.38^{+0.20}_{-0.19}$ and $w_{de}=-0.28^{+0.52}_{-0.40}$. But whereas this optimization of parameters in $\Lambda$CDM/$w$CDM creates some tension with their concordance values, the $R_{\rm h}=ct$ Universe has the advantage of fitting the QSO and AP data without any free parameters.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWorld Scientific Publishingen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.worldscientific.com/doi/10.1142/S0218271816500607en
dc.rights© World Scientific Publishing Companyen
dc.subjectcosmologyen
dc.subjectquasarsen
dc.titleCosmological test with the QSO Hubble diagramen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Arizonaen
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Modern Physics Den
dc.description.notePublished 28 March 2016. 12 month embargo.en
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten
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