Design and Evaluation of a Dosing Schedule Pictogram for an Elderly Population

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/614584
Title:
Design and Evaluation of a Dosing Schedule Pictogram for an Elderly Population
Author:
Stringer, Lee H.; Herrier, Richard N.; Apgar, David A.
Affiliation:
College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona
Issue Date:
2011
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: To design and evaluate a dosing schedule pictogram in an elderly population. To identify possible reasons for misunderstanding of a dosing schedule pictogram and, if appropriate, redesign the pictogram to reflect reasons for misunderstanding. METHODS: Through a modified focus group analysis involving residents of a retirement community in Tucson, Arizona, the understandability of a morning-noon-night color pictogram was assessed. Residents’ interpretation of the pictogram as correct or incorrect was assessed using a decision-tree analysis. The percentage of correct responses was calculated and compared to established pictogram criteria for acceptability. Lastly, potential reasons for misunderstanding were assessed. RESULTS: Thirteen residents, six males and seven females, participated in the study. The rate of correct interpretation was 84.6%, which nearly satisfies the ANSI criterion of 85% correct and far exceeds the ISO criterion of 67% correct. Two participants incorrectly interpreted the pictogram, but their comments, however, indicated good comprehension of time of day. CONCLUSION: The dosing schedule pictogram was correctly interpreted by a majority of study participants satisfying industry standards. Further analysis of this design is warranted.
Description:
Class of 2011 Abstract
Keywords:
Dosing; Pictogram; Elderly people
Advisor:
Herrier, Richard N.; Apgar, David A.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorHerrier, Richard N.en
dc.contributor.advisorApgar, David A.en
dc.contributor.authorStringer, Lee H.en
dc.contributor.authorHerrier, Richard N.en
dc.contributor.authorApgar, David A.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-24T15:16:57Z-
dc.date.available2016-06-24T15:16:57Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/614584-
dc.descriptionClass of 2011 Abstracten
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: To design and evaluate a dosing schedule pictogram in an elderly population. To identify possible reasons for misunderstanding of a dosing schedule pictogram and, if appropriate, redesign the pictogram to reflect reasons for misunderstanding. METHODS: Through a modified focus group analysis involving residents of a retirement community in Tucson, Arizona, the understandability of a morning-noon-night color pictogram was assessed. Residents’ interpretation of the pictogram as correct or incorrect was assessed using a decision-tree analysis. The percentage of correct responses was calculated and compared to established pictogram criteria for acceptability. Lastly, potential reasons for misunderstanding were assessed. RESULTS: Thirteen residents, six males and seven females, participated in the study. The rate of correct interpretation was 84.6%, which nearly satisfies the ANSI criterion of 85% correct and far exceeds the ISO criterion of 67% correct. Two participants incorrectly interpreted the pictogram, but their comments, however, indicated good comprehension of time of day. CONCLUSION: The dosing schedule pictogram was correctly interpreted by a majority of study participants satisfying industry standards. Further analysis of this design is warranted.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author.en
dc.subjectDosingen
dc.subjectPictogramen
dc.subjectElderly peopleen
dc.titleDesign and Evaluation of a Dosing Schedule Pictogram for an Elderly Populationen_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Reporten
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Pharmacy, The University of Arizonaen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.en
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