Genetic Variation of the BETA-2 Adrenergic Receptor and the Bronchodilatory Response to Albuterol in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/614494
Title:
Genetic Variation of the BETA-2 Adrenergic Receptor and the Bronchodilatory Response to Albuterol in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis
Author:
Herko, Kara; Guthrie, Benjamin; Snyder, Eric
Affiliation:
College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona
Issue Date:
2012
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Specific Aims: We sought to determine the influence of genetic variation of ADRB2 on the airway response to albuterol in patients with CF when compared to matched healthy controls at baseline and at 60 minutes following the administration of albuterol (2.5mg diluted in 3ml normal saline). Methods: Baseline pulmonary function (forced vital capacity, FVC, forced expiratory flow in 1-second, FEV1, mid-maximal expiratory flow, MMF, and forced expiratory flow at 50% of the FVC) was assessed in 17 patients with CF and 31 healthy subjects. Main Results: As expected, the healthy group had higher baseline pulmonary function when compared to the CF group (FVC=97±3 vs. 83±5; FEV1=95±3 vs. 72±6; MMF=90±4 vs. 54±8, % predicted for healthy and CF, respectively, mean±SE, p<0.05 for all. We compared Arg16Arg to Arg16Gly/Gly16Gly subjects. There was no effect of genotype on the response to albuterol in healthy subjects. However, in the CF group, we found that the Arg16Arg group (n=6) had an attenuated response to β-agonist when compared to the Gly-containing group (n=11) (FVC=0±0.9 vs. 6±3: FEV1=3±1 vs. 7±4: MMF=12±3 vs. 12±5 % change, for Arg16Arg and Gly-containing groups, respectively, p<0.05 for FVC, p=0.06 for FEV1). Conclusions: These results demonstrate a differential response to β-agonists according to genetic variation of the ADRB2 at amino acid 16. Due to the differences in FVC and FEV1 but not in MMF, these data suggest that the genetic difference in airway function is primarily in bronchodilation of the larger airways.
Description:
Class of 2012 Abstract
Keywords:
BETA-2 Adrenergic Receptor; Bronchodilatory; Albuterol; Cystic Fibrosis
Advisor:
Snyder, Eric

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorSnyder, Ericen
dc.contributor.authorHerko, Karaen
dc.contributor.authorGuthrie, Benjaminen
dc.contributor.authorSnyder, Ericen
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-23T19:15:02Z-
dc.date.available2016-06-23T19:15:02Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/614494-
dc.descriptionClass of 2012 Abstracten
dc.description.abstractSpecific Aims: We sought to determine the influence of genetic variation of ADRB2 on the airway response to albuterol in patients with CF when compared to matched healthy controls at baseline and at 60 minutes following the administration of albuterol (2.5mg diluted in 3ml normal saline). Methods: Baseline pulmonary function (forced vital capacity, FVC, forced expiratory flow in 1-second, FEV1, mid-maximal expiratory flow, MMF, and forced expiratory flow at 50% of the FVC) was assessed in 17 patients with CF and 31 healthy subjects. Main Results: As expected, the healthy group had higher baseline pulmonary function when compared to the CF group (FVC=97±3 vs. 83±5; FEV1=95±3 vs. 72±6; MMF=90±4 vs. 54±8, % predicted for healthy and CF, respectively, mean±SE, p<0.05 for all. We compared Arg16Arg to Arg16Gly/Gly16Gly subjects. There was no effect of genotype on the response to albuterol in healthy subjects. However, in the CF group, we found that the Arg16Arg group (n=6) had an attenuated response to β-agonist when compared to the Gly-containing group (n=11) (FVC=0±0.9 vs. 6±3: FEV1=3±1 vs. 7±4: MMF=12±3 vs. 12±5 % change, for Arg16Arg and Gly-containing groups, respectively, p<0.05 for FVC, p=0.06 for FEV1). Conclusions: These results demonstrate a differential response to β-agonists according to genetic variation of the ADRB2 at amino acid 16. Due to the differences in FVC and FEV1 but not in MMF, these data suggest that the genetic difference in airway function is primarily in bronchodilation of the larger airways.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author.en
dc.subjectBETA-2 Adrenergic Receptoren
dc.subjectBronchodilatoryen
dc.subjectAlbuterolen
dc.subjectCystic Fibrosisen
dc.titleGenetic Variation of the BETA-2 Adrenergic Receptor and the Bronchodilatory Response to Albuterol in Patients with Cystic Fibrosisen_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Reporten
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Pharmacy, The University of Arizonaen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.en
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.