A Meta-Analysis of Alternative and Complementary Medicine for the Treatment of Insomnia

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/614292
Title:
A Meta-Analysis of Alternative and Complementary Medicine for the Treatment of Insomnia
Author:
Song, Hyon W.; Slack, Marion; Lee, Jennie; Baidoo, Bismark
Affiliation:
College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona
Issue Date:
2013
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Specific Aims: To evaluate three complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), tai-chi, acupuncture, and melatonin, for treating insomnia using meta-analysis assessment of randomized controlled trials. Methods: The electronic database MEDLINE (PubMed) was searched from May of 2012 to November of 2012 by using the terms “sleep initiation and maintenance disorders” AND “tai-chi” OR “melatonin” OR “acupuncture”. All of the searches ended at November of 2012. Data extraction was conducted independently by 2 investigators and any disagreements were resolved by consensus. If the 2 investigators could not agree, the study was reviewed by all 4 investigators. Main Results: Out of 500 studies that were initially retrieved, 12 studies were included; 3 for tai-chi; 4 for acupuncture; 5 for melatonin. We found that the effect of each type of intervention was significantly different than zero, p<0.01 thus all were effective in treating insomnia. From our analysis, acupuncture was the most effective (standard mean difference, SMD=-0.66; p<0.01) followed by tai-chi (SMD=-0.43; p<0.01) whereas melatonin was the least effective (SMD=-0.26; p=0.04) but difference between acupuncture and melatonin was not significant (p=0.15).       Conclusion: All three interventions were found to be effective in treating insomnia. However, due to mixed and inconsistent data of the studies, poorly designed trials, and small sample size, further large, well-controlled trials are warranted.      
Description:
Class of 2013 Abstract
Keywords:
meta-analysis; medicine; insomnia; complementary and alternative medicines (CAM)
Advisor:
Slack, Marion; Lee, Jennie; Baidoo, Bismark

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorSlack, Marionen
dc.contributor.advisorLee, Jennieen
dc.contributor.advisorBaidoo, Bismarken
dc.contributor.authorSong, Hyon W.en
dc.contributor.authorSlack, Marionen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jennieen
dc.contributor.authorBaidoo, Bismarken
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-22T22:52:04Z-
dc.date.available2016-06-22T22:52:04Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/614292-
dc.descriptionClass of 2013 Abstracten
dc.description.abstractSpecific Aims: To evaluate three complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), tai-chi, acupuncture, and melatonin, for treating insomnia using meta-analysis assessment of randomized controlled trials. Methods: The electronic database MEDLINE (PubMed) was searched from May of 2012 to November of 2012 by using the terms “sleep initiation and maintenance disorders” AND “tai-chi” OR “melatonin” OR “acupuncture”. All of the searches ended at November of 2012. Data extraction was conducted independently by 2 investigators and any disagreements were resolved by consensus. If the 2 investigators could not agree, the study was reviewed by all 4 investigators. Main Results: Out of 500 studies that were initially retrieved, 12 studies were included; 3 for tai-chi; 4 for acupuncture; 5 for melatonin. We found that the effect of each type of intervention was significantly different than zero, p<0.01 thus all were effective in treating insomnia. From our analysis, acupuncture was the most effective (standard mean difference, SMD=-0.66; p<0.01) followed by tai-chi (SMD=-0.43; p<0.01) whereas melatonin was the least effective (SMD=-0.26; p=0.04) but difference between acupuncture and melatonin was not significant (p=0.15).       Conclusion: All three interventions were found to be effective in treating insomnia. However, due to mixed and inconsistent data of the studies, poorly designed trials, and small sample size, further large, well-controlled trials are warranted.      en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author.en
dc.subjectmeta-analysisen
dc.subjectmedicineen
dc.subjectinsomniaen
dc.subjectcomplementary and alternative medicines (CAM)en
dc.titleA Meta-Analysis of Alternative and Complementary Medicine for the Treatment of Insomniaen_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Reporten
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Pharmacy, The University of Arizonaen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.en
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