Drug Therapy Interactions with New Oral Anticoagulants in Oncology Patients: a Retrospective Database Analysis 2013 - 2015

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/613993
Title:
Drug Therapy Interactions with New Oral Anticoagulants in Oncology Patients: a Retrospective Database Analysis 2013 - 2015
Author:
Blaskowsky, Jeffrey; Odeh, Adam; Stuntz, Tyler; McBride, Ali
Affiliation:
College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona
Issue Date:
2016
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Objectives: To identify common and serious drug-drug interactions involving novel anticoagulant drugs in cancer patients. Subjects: 60 patients who were treated at the Banner University of Arizona Cancer Center between November 1, 2013 and April 1, 2015 with rivaroxaban, dabigatran, or apixaban. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients who received a NOAC (novel oral anticoagulant) to determine if a medication regimen contained a drug-drug interaction involving the NOAC. Results: When analyzing the DDIs involving rivaroxaban, dabigatran, and apixaban, Micromedex® detected a total of 123 interactions, compared to Lexicomp®, which detected 111 interactions. When using Lexicomp®, there were 59 (32%) instances of no detected interactions, 19 (10%) moderate interactions, 27 (15%) major interactions, and 65 (36%) contraindicated DDIs with rivaroxaban. When using Micromedex®, there were 47 (26%) instances where no interaction was detected, 4 (2%) moderate interactions, and 119 (65%) major interactions, and no interactions were classified as contraindicated with rivaroxaban. Lexicomp® detected 3 (50%) interactions as major, and found no DDIs in 3 (50%) instances for dabigatran, and detected 1 (7%) moderate, 2 (14%) major and 6 (43%) contraindicated interactions for apixaban. Micromedex® detected 3 (50%) interactions as major, and found no DDIs in 3 (50%) instances for dabigatran, and detected 12 (86%) of interactions as major and found no DDIs in 2 (14%) instances for apixaban. Conclusions: There was significant variation in DDI detection between current literature4,5 and the drug information databases, Lexicomp® and Micromedex®, however most interactions detected were major or contraindicated.
Description:
Class of 2016 Abstract
Keywords:
Drug Therapy; Interactions; Oral Anticoagulants; Oncology Patients; database
Advisor:
McBride, Ali

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorMcBride, Alien
dc.contributor.authorBlaskowsky, Jeffreyen
dc.contributor.authorOdeh, Adamen
dc.contributor.authorStuntz, Tyleren
dc.contributor.authorMcBride, Alien
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-21T21:49:44Z-
dc.date.available2016-06-21T21:49:44Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/613993-
dc.descriptionClass of 2016 Abstracten
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To identify common and serious drug-drug interactions involving novel anticoagulant drugs in cancer patients. Subjects: 60 patients who were treated at the Banner University of Arizona Cancer Center between November 1, 2013 and April 1, 2015 with rivaroxaban, dabigatran, or apixaban. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients who received a NOAC (novel oral anticoagulant) to determine if a medication regimen contained a drug-drug interaction involving the NOAC. Results: When analyzing the DDIs involving rivaroxaban, dabigatran, and apixaban, Micromedex® detected a total of 123 interactions, compared to Lexicomp®, which detected 111 interactions. When using Lexicomp®, there were 59 (32%) instances of no detected interactions, 19 (10%) moderate interactions, 27 (15%) major interactions, and 65 (36%) contraindicated DDIs with rivaroxaban. When using Micromedex®, there were 47 (26%) instances where no interaction was detected, 4 (2%) moderate interactions, and 119 (65%) major interactions, and no interactions were classified as contraindicated with rivaroxaban. Lexicomp® detected 3 (50%) interactions as major, and found no DDIs in 3 (50%) instances for dabigatran, and detected 1 (7%) moderate, 2 (14%) major and 6 (43%) contraindicated interactions for apixaban. Micromedex® detected 3 (50%) interactions as major, and found no DDIs in 3 (50%) instances for dabigatran, and detected 12 (86%) of interactions as major and found no DDIs in 2 (14%) instances for apixaban. Conclusions: There was significant variation in DDI detection between current literature4,5 and the drug information databases, Lexicomp® and Micromedex®, however most interactions detected were major or contraindicated.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author.en
dc.subjectDrug Therapyen
dc.subjectInteractionsen
dc.subjectOral Anticoagulantsen
dc.subjectOncology Patientsen
dc.subjectdatabaseen
dc.titleDrug Therapy Interactions with New Oral Anticoagulants in Oncology Patients: a Retrospective Database Analysis 2013 - 2015en_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Reporten
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Pharmacy, The University of Arizonaen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.en
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