A Population-Based Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Scores Among Stroke Survivors by Gender and Race/Ethnicity

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/613991
Title:
A Population-Based Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Scores Among Stroke Survivors by Gender and Race/Ethnicity
Author:
Nelson, Mel; Shreve, Melissa; Bhattacharjee, Sandipan
Affiliation:
College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona
Issue Date:
2016
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Objectives: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among stroke survivors by gender and race/ethnicity to identify gender and racial/ethnic disparities. Methods: This study adopted a retrospective cross-sectional research design utilizing data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a state-based telephone survey administered to noninstitutionalized United States citizens. Inclusion criteria for this project were adults aged 50 or older who: participated in the 2013 BRFSS survey; indicated they had ever been told by a provider that they had experienced a stroke (of any type); and reported data on seven questions aimed to assess HRQoL (general, physical, and mental health; life satisfaction; emotional support; activity limitations; and sleep quality). Chi square tests and logistic regression models were used to compare HRQoL responses by gender and race/ethnicity. Results: In the 2013 BRFSS database 20,391 of 491,773 respondents reported experiencing stroke. Of those, 16,561 met the inclusion criteria. The majority were female (61.1%) and identified their race/ethnicity as white (78.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed females were more likely than males to report worse outcomes across the following three HRQoL domains: activity limitations (AOR=0.752, 95% CI 0.617-0.918); mental health (AOR=1.398, 95% CI: 1.110-1.761); and general health (AOR=0.764, 95% CI: 0.588-0.993). Minority populations (African American, Hispanic, and Other) were more likely to report activity limitations (AOR=0.766, 95%CI: 0.614-0.955) and fair/poor general health (AOR=1.837, 95%CI: 1.324-2.549). Conclusions: Analysis identified gender and racial/ethnic disparities in HRQoL indicators among stroke survivors. Females and minority populations were more likely to report poorer outcomes.
Description:
Class of 2016 Abstract
Keywords:
population-based; comparison; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); stroke survivors
MeSH Subjects:
Stroke; Quality of Life; Health Status Disparities
Advisor:
Bhattacharjee, Sandipan

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorBhattacharjee, Sandipanen
dc.contributor.authorNelson, Melen
dc.contributor.authorShreve, Melissaen
dc.contributor.authorBhattacharjee, Sandipanen
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-21T21:45:00Z-
dc.date.available2016-06-21T21:45:00Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/613991-
dc.descriptionClass of 2016 Abstracten
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among stroke survivors by gender and race/ethnicity to identify gender and racial/ethnic disparities. Methods: This study adopted a retrospective cross-sectional research design utilizing data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a state-based telephone survey administered to noninstitutionalized United States citizens. Inclusion criteria for this project were adults aged 50 or older who: participated in the 2013 BRFSS survey; indicated they had ever been told by a provider that they had experienced a stroke (of any type); and reported data on seven questions aimed to assess HRQoL (general, physical, and mental health; life satisfaction; emotional support; activity limitations; and sleep quality). Chi square tests and logistic regression models were used to compare HRQoL responses by gender and race/ethnicity. Results: In the 2013 BRFSS database 20,391 of 491,773 respondents reported experiencing stroke. Of those, 16,561 met the inclusion criteria. The majority were female (61.1%) and identified their race/ethnicity as white (78.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed females were more likely than males to report worse outcomes across the following three HRQoL domains: activity limitations (AOR=0.752, 95% CI 0.617-0.918); mental health (AOR=1.398, 95% CI: 1.110-1.761); and general health (AOR=0.764, 95% CI: 0.588-0.993). Minority populations (African American, Hispanic, and Other) were more likely to report activity limitations (AOR=0.766, 95%CI: 0.614-0.955) and fair/poor general health (AOR=1.837, 95%CI: 1.324-2.549). Conclusions: Analysis identified gender and racial/ethnic disparities in HRQoL indicators among stroke survivors. Females and minority populations were more likely to report poorer outcomes.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author.en
dc.subjectpopulation-baseden
dc.subjectcomparisonen
dc.subjecthealth-related quality of life (HRQoL)en
dc.subjectstroke survivorsen
dc.subject.meshStroke-
dc.subject.meshQuality of Life-
dc.subject.meshHealth Status Disparities-
dc.titleA Population-Based Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Scores Among Stroke Survivors by Gender and Race/Ethnicityen_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Reporten
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Pharmacy, The University of Arizonaen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.en
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