Control of the Turbulent Shear Layer Downstream of a Backward Facing Step using Nanosecond Pulse Driven Surface Plasma Discharges: Effects of Pulse Energy

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/613578
Title:
Control of the Turbulent Shear Layer Downstream of a Backward Facing Step using Nanosecond Pulse Driven Surface Plasma Discharges: Effects of Pulse Energy
Author:
Akins, David J.
Issue Date:
2016
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The influence of pulse energy on nanosecond pulse driven dielectric barrier discharge (ns-DBD) plasma actuation applied to the turbulent shear layer downstream of a backward facing step (BFS) is examined experimentally. The ns-DBD control mechanism, which is believed to be primarily thermal in contrast to most other flow control actuators, has been demonstrated in various high speed shear flows yet questions on fundamental physics and scaling remain unanswered. In this work, ns-DBD pulse amplitude is varied between 0.13mJ/cm-0.88mJ/cm per pulse in order to understand its effects on the excitation of a turbulent shear layer. This work is carried out at a fixed actuation frequency of 1000Hz which corresponds to St(θ) ≈ 0.005 based on initial momentum thickness. Both mean and phase-averaged data indicate a preference for the 0.33mJ/cm and 0.56mJ/cm pulse amplitudes. However, further analysis concludes that 0.33mJ/cm is the most favorable as seen from momentum thickness growth and TKE distribution. Further analysis through the use of schlieren imaging suggests that depreciating control authority for the highest pulse amplitude of 0.88mJ/cm may be a result of either increased plasma three dimensionality resulting in non-uniform heating, or a thermal saturation mechanism (overheating). Additional theoretical studies are required to substantiate these claims and to decipher between the two.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Keywords:
Mechanical Engineering
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Mechanical Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Little, Jesse

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleControl of the Turbulent Shear Layer Downstream of a Backward Facing Step using Nanosecond Pulse Driven Surface Plasma Discharges: Effects of Pulse Energyen_US
dc.creatorAkins, David J.en
dc.contributor.authorAkins, David J.en
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractThe influence of pulse energy on nanosecond pulse driven dielectric barrier discharge (ns-DBD) plasma actuation applied to the turbulent shear layer downstream of a backward facing step (BFS) is examined experimentally. The ns-DBD control mechanism, which is believed to be primarily thermal in contrast to most other flow control actuators, has been demonstrated in various high speed shear flows yet questions on fundamental physics and scaling remain unanswered. In this work, ns-DBD pulse amplitude is varied between 0.13mJ/cm-0.88mJ/cm per pulse in order to understand its effects on the excitation of a turbulent shear layer. This work is carried out at a fixed actuation frequency of 1000Hz which corresponds to St(θ) ≈ 0.005 based on initial momentum thickness. Both mean and phase-averaged data indicate a preference for the 0.33mJ/cm and 0.56mJ/cm pulse amplitudes. However, further analysis concludes that 0.33mJ/cm is the most favorable as seen from momentum thickness growth and TKE distribution. Further analysis through the use of schlieren imaging suggests that depreciating control authority for the highest pulse amplitude of 0.88mJ/cm may be a result of either increased plasma three dimensionality resulting in non-uniform heating, or a thermal saturation mechanism (overheating). Additional theoretical studies are required to substantiate these claims and to decipher between the two.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
dc.subjectMechanical Engineeringen
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineMechanical Engineeringen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorLittle, Jesseen
dc.contributor.committeememberFasel, Hermannen
dc.contributor.committeememberKerschen, Edwarden
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