PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF 9-12-YEAR-OLD YOUTH IN A COMMUNITY-BASED DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM: THE E.P.I.C. KIDS STUDY

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/613467
Title:
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF 9-12-YEAR-OLD YOUTH IN A COMMUNITY-BASED DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM: THE E.P.I.C. KIDS STUDY
Author:
RADOMSKI, JENNA BRIANNE
Issue Date:
2016
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Background. Childhood type II diabetes (T2D) is increasing at an alarming rate in the United States due to poor dietary choices, decreased physical activity, and increased obesity rates. It is crucial to focus on prevention through emphasizing the importance of healthy lifestyle habits, especially in young populations. Methods. The first cohort of the pilot E.P.I.C. Kids community-based diabetes prevention program included 28 children ages 9-12 with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile for youth. The participants were asked to wear Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for seven consecutive days at each time point (baseline, 12-week, 24-week). The devices collected activity counts using 30-second epochs and the Evenson cut points for children were applied to determine average minutes per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Results. Of the beginning 28 participants, complete physical activity data was collected at baseline and 12-week time periods for 18. The average physical activity time per day for all 18 participants decreased from 26.81 to 25.65 minutes, deeming the results statistically insignificant with a p-value of 0.81. Conclusion. The majority of children at-risk of developing T2D do not engage in regular physical activity, thus not meeting health-related guidelines, and diabetes prevention programs such as E.P.I.C. Kids may reduce T2D risk.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Degree Name:
B.S.
Degree Level:
Bachelors
Degree Program:
Honors College; Nutritional Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Hingle, Melanie

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titlePHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF 9-12-YEAR-OLD YOUTH IN A COMMUNITY-BASED DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM: THE E.P.I.C. KIDS STUDYen_US
dc.creatorRADOMSKI, JENNA BRIANNEen
dc.contributor.authorRADOMSKI, JENNA BRIANNEen
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractBackground. Childhood type II diabetes (T2D) is increasing at an alarming rate in the United States due to poor dietary choices, decreased physical activity, and increased obesity rates. It is crucial to focus on prevention through emphasizing the importance of healthy lifestyle habits, especially in young populations. Methods. The first cohort of the pilot E.P.I.C. Kids community-based diabetes prevention program included 28 children ages 9-12 with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile for youth. The participants were asked to wear Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for seven consecutive days at each time point (baseline, 12-week, 24-week). The devices collected activity counts using 30-second epochs and the Evenson cut points for children were applied to determine average minutes per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Results. Of the beginning 28 participants, complete physical activity data was collected at baseline and 12-week time periods for 18. The average physical activity time per day for all 18 participants decreased from 26.81 to 25.65 minutes, deeming the results statistically insignificant with a p-value of 0.81. Conclusion. The majority of children at-risk of developing T2D do not engage in regular physical activity, thus not meeting health-related guidelines, and diabetes prevention programs such as E.P.I.C. Kids may reduce T2D risk.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
thesis.degree.nameB.S.en
thesis.degree.levelBachelorsen
thesis.degree.disciplineHonors Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineNutritional Sciencesen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorHingle, Melanieen
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