WORLDVIEW DIFFERENCES LEAD TO DIVERGING INTERPRETATIONS OF DEPRESSION-RELATED SUFFERING

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/612877
Title:
WORLDVIEW DIFFERENCES LEAD TO DIVERGING INTERPRETATIONS OF DEPRESSION-RELATED SUFFERING
Author:
DONG, SHEILA J
Issue Date:
2016
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Humanism is a worldview emphasizing interpersonal warmth, emotional expression, imagination, and humanity’s inherent goodness. Normativism is a worldview emphasizing discipline, emotional restraint, empiricism, and humanity’s inherent badness. We reasoned that worldviews could influence how people construe suffering. Prior research suggests there are two prominent suffering construals in contemporary U.S. culture. A Redemptive construal posits that suffering’s purpose is to lead to greater awareness and self-development, while a Biomedical construal sees biological frameworks as the standard for understanding suffering. In two studies, we examined how these worldviews and construals shape how people interpret suffering arising from depression. In Study 1, we predicted correlations between Humanism and a Redemptive construal, and Normativism and a Biomedical construal of depression. Results confirmed the hypothesis. In Study 2, we hypothesized that priming participants with Humanism or Normativism would increase endorsement of Redemptive and Biomedical construals, respectively. We discovered that exposure to Humanism (compared to Normativism) induced more support for a Redemptive construal, and less for a Biomedical construal, of depression. However, Normativism exposure did not result in an increased preference for a Biomedical, compared to a Redemptive, construal. We propose that the worldviews people encounter and endorse can shape their interpretations of depression.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Degree Name:
B.S.
Degree Level:
Bachelors
Degree Program:
Honors College; Psychology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Sullivan, Daniel

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleWORLDVIEW DIFFERENCES LEAD TO DIVERGING INTERPRETATIONS OF DEPRESSION-RELATED SUFFERINGen_US
dc.creatorDONG, SHEILA Jen
dc.contributor.authorDONG, SHEILA Jen
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractHumanism is a worldview emphasizing interpersonal warmth, emotional expression, imagination, and humanity’s inherent goodness. Normativism is a worldview emphasizing discipline, emotional restraint, empiricism, and humanity’s inherent badness. We reasoned that worldviews could influence how people construe suffering. Prior research suggests there are two prominent suffering construals in contemporary U.S. culture. A Redemptive construal posits that suffering’s purpose is to lead to greater awareness and self-development, while a Biomedical construal sees biological frameworks as the standard for understanding suffering. In two studies, we examined how these worldviews and construals shape how people interpret suffering arising from depression. In Study 1, we predicted correlations between Humanism and a Redemptive construal, and Normativism and a Biomedical construal of depression. Results confirmed the hypothesis. In Study 2, we hypothesized that priming participants with Humanism or Normativism would increase endorsement of Redemptive and Biomedical construals, respectively. We discovered that exposure to Humanism (compared to Normativism) induced more support for a Redemptive construal, and less for a Biomedical construal, of depression. However, Normativism exposure did not result in an increased preference for a Biomedical, compared to a Redemptive, construal. We propose that the worldviews people encounter and endorse can shape their interpretations of depression.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
thesis.degree.nameB.S.en
thesis.degree.levelBachelorsen
thesis.degree.disciplineHonors Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorSullivan, Danielen
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