Aquifer Modeling by Numerical Methods Applied to an Arizona Groundwater Basin

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/610825
Title:
Aquifer Modeling by Numerical Methods Applied to an Arizona Groundwater Basin
Author:
Fogg, Graham E.; Simpson, Eugene S.; Neuman, Shlomo P.
Publisher:
Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)
Issue Date:
1979-06
Rights:
Copyright © Arizona Board of Regents
Collection Information:
This title from the Hydrology & Water Resources Technical Reports collection is made available by the Department of Hydrology & Atmospheric Sciences and the University Libraries, University of Arizona. If you have questions about titles in this collection, please contact repository@u.library.arizona.edu.
Abstract:
FLUMP, a recently developed mixed explicit -implicit finite -element program, was calibrated against a data base obtained from a portion of the Tucson Basin aquifer, Arizona, and represents its first application to a real -world problem. Two previous models for the same region were constructed (an electric analog and a finite -difference model) in which calibration was based on prescribed flux boundary conditions along stream courses and mountain fronts. These fluxes are not directly measured and estimates are subject to large uncertainties. In contrast, boundary conditions used in the calibration of FLUMP were prescribed hydraulic heads obtained from direct measurement. At prescribed head boundaries FLUMP computed time - varying fluxes representing subsurface lateral flow and recharge along streams. FLUMP correctly calculated fluctuations in recharge along the Santa Cruz River due to fluctuations in storm runoff and sewage effluent release rates. FLUMP also provided valuable insight into distributions of recharge, discharge, and subsurface flow in the study area.Properties of FLUMP were compared with those of two other programs in current use: ISOQUAD, a finite -element program developed by Pinder and Frind (1972), and a finite- difference program developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (Trescott, et al., 1976). It appears that FLUMP can handle a larger class of problems than the other two programs, including those in which the boundary conditions and aquifer parameters vary arbitrarily with time and /or head. FLUMP also has the ability to solve explicitly when accuracy requires small time steps, the ability to solve explicitely in certain parts of the flow region while solving implicitly in other parts, flexibility in mesh design and numbering of nodes, computation of internal as well as external fluxes, and global as well as local mass balance checks at each time step.
Keywords:
Aquifers -- Arizona -- Mathematical models.; Groundwater -- Arizona -- Mathematical models.; Aquifers -- Mathematical models.; Groundwater -- Mathematical models.
Series/Report no.:
Technical Reports on Natural Resource Systems, No. 32

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFogg, Graham E.en
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Eugene S.en
dc.contributor.authorNeuman, Shlomo P.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-26T22:00:07Z-
dc.date.available2016-05-26T22:00:07Z-
dc.date.issued1979-06-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/610825-
dc.description.abstractFLUMP, a recently developed mixed explicit -implicit finite -element program, was calibrated against a data base obtained from a portion of the Tucson Basin aquifer, Arizona, and represents its first application to a real -world problem. Two previous models for the same region were constructed (an electric analog and a finite -difference model) in which calibration was based on prescribed flux boundary conditions along stream courses and mountain fronts. These fluxes are not directly measured and estimates are subject to large uncertainties. In contrast, boundary conditions used in the calibration of FLUMP were prescribed hydraulic heads obtained from direct measurement. At prescribed head boundaries FLUMP computed time - varying fluxes representing subsurface lateral flow and recharge along streams. FLUMP correctly calculated fluctuations in recharge along the Santa Cruz River due to fluctuations in storm runoff and sewage effluent release rates. FLUMP also provided valuable insight into distributions of recharge, discharge, and subsurface flow in the study area.Properties of FLUMP were compared with those of two other programs in current use: ISOQUAD, a finite -element program developed by Pinder and Frind (1972), and a finite- difference program developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (Trescott, et al., 1976). It appears that FLUMP can handle a larger class of problems than the other two programs, including those in which the boundary conditions and aquifer parameters vary arbitrarily with time and /or head. FLUMP also has the ability to solve explicitly when accuracy requires small time steps, the ability to solve explicitely in certain parts of the flow region while solving implicitly in other parts, flexibility in mesh design and numbering of nodes, computation of internal as well as external fluxes, and global as well as local mass balance checks at each time step.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherDepartment of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTechnical Reports on Natural Resource Systems, No. 32en
dc.rightsCopyright © Arizona Board of Regentsen
dc.sourceProvided by the Department of Hydrology and Water Resources.en
dc.subjectAquifers -- Arizona -- Mathematical models.en
dc.subjectGroundwater -- Arizona -- Mathematical models.en
dc.subjectAquifers -- Mathematical models.en
dc.subjectGroundwater -- Mathematical models.en
dc.titleAquifer Modeling by Numerical Methods Applied to an Arizona Groundwater Basinen_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeTechnical Reporten
dc.description.collectioninformationThis title from the Hydrology & Water Resources Technical Reports collection is made available by the Department of Hydrology & Atmospheric Sciences and the University Libraries, University of Arizona. If you have questions about titles in this collection, please contact repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en
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