Leaf Unfolding Rates and Responses to Cuticle Damaging for Pulque Agaves in Mexico

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/609137
Title:
Leaf Unfolding Rates and Responses to Cuticle Damaging for Pulque Agaves in Mexico
Author:
García-Moya, Edmundo; Nobel, Park S.
Affiliation:
Colegio de Postraduados; University of California
Publisher:
University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)
Journal:
Desert Plants
Rights:
Copyright © Arizona Board of Regents. The University of Arizona.
Collection Information:
Desert Plants is published by The University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum. For more information about this unique botanical journal, please email the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Publications Office at pubs@cals.arizona.edu.
Issue Date:
1990
Abstract:
Agave mapisaga and A. salmiana, which are widely cultivated in central Mexico for the fermented beverage pulque, have 7 to 11 leaves unfolding annually per plant. Such leaves can be 2 m in length with dry weights exceeding 1 kg, leading to estimated aboveground productivities of 25 to 26 metric tons ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹. To prevent theft of the cuticle from folded leaves of A. salmiana, which is used to wrap meat for steam cooking (termed "mixiote"), the distal one-third of the central spike of folded leaves is often intentionally cut off, which unfortunately depresses leaf unfolding for the next two years. However, making small holes in the central spike, which also renders the cuticle unusable for mixiote, does not significantly reduce the rate of leaf unfolding.
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0734-3434

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Moya, Edmundoen
dc.contributor.authorNobel, Park S.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-11T22:35:01Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-11T22:35:01Zen
dc.date.issued1990en
dc.identifier.issn0734-3434en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/609137en
dc.description.abstractAgave mapisaga and A. salmiana, which are widely cultivated in central Mexico for the fermented beverage pulque, have 7 to 11 leaves unfolding annually per plant. Such leaves can be 2 m in length with dry weights exceeding 1 kg, leading to estimated aboveground productivities of 25 to 26 metric tons ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹. To prevent theft of the cuticle from folded leaves of A. salmiana, which is used to wrap meat for steam cooking (termed "mixiote"), the distal one-third of the central spike of folded leaves is often intentionally cut off, which unfortunately depresses leaf unfolding for the next two years. However, making small holes in the central spike, which also renders the cuticle unusable for mixiote, does not significantly reduce the rate of leaf unfolding.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherUniversity of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)en
dc.rightsCopyright © Arizona Board of Regents. The University of Arizona.en_US
dc.sourceCALS Publications Archive. The University of Arizona.en_US
dc.titleLeaf Unfolding Rates and Responses to Cuticle Damaging for Pulque Agaves in Mexicoen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentColegio de Postraduadosen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Californiaen
dc.identifier.journalDesert Plantsen
dc.description.collectioninformationDesert Plants is published by The University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum. For more information about this unique botanical journal, please email the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Publications Office at pubs@cals.arizona.edu.en_US
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