Reclamation and Fertilization of Coal Mine Soils in the Southwestern Desert

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/609071
Title:
Reclamation and Fertilization of Coal Mine Soils in the Southwestern Desert
Author:
Day, A. D.; Ludeke, K. L.
Affiliation:
University of Arizona; Ludeke Corporation
Publisher:
University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)
Journal:
Desert Plants
Rights:
Copyright © Arizona Board of Regents. The University of Arizona.
Collection Information:
Desert Plants is published by The University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum. For more information about this unique botanical journal, please email the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Publications Office at pubs@cals.arizona.edu.
Issue Date:
1986
Abstract:
A 5 -year experiment was conducted from 1978 through 1982 on the Black Mesa Coal Mine, Kayenta, Arizona, to study plant species best suited for coal mine reclamation and the effects of fertilizer on selected species. Five plant species were broadcast seeded on coal mine soil (spoils) and unmined soil. Prior to planting, 560 kg /ha of 16-20-0 fertilizer were applied on one -half of each site while the other half received no fertilizer. Immediately after planting, sprinkler irrigation water was applied on all plots, as needed, for the first two years. After two years, fertilizer and irrigation were discontinued on both soil materials and all plant species received only natural rainfall for the following three years. Coal mine soil contained more total soluble salts, nitrogen, potassium, sodium, and organic matter than did unmined soil; however, unmined soil had a higher pH and contained more phosphorous than did coal mine soil. Plant growth measurements were recorded for each plant species in October of each year. In general, plants grew better and produced more forage in unmined soil than they did in coal mine soil. All plant species grew better, yielded more forage, and produced a more satisfactory ground cover when they were fertilized than they did when they were not fertilized. Plant species differed greatly in general growth, forage yield, and percent ground cover within soil materials and within fertilizer treatments. Crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristaturn L.), western wheatgrass (Agropyron smithii Rydb.), and vernal alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) grew better, yielded more forage, and produced a more complete ground cover than did Indian ricegrass (Oryzopsis hymenoides Ricker) or fourwing saltbrush (Atriplex canescens Pursh). In general, the reclamation of unmined soil with fertilizer and a combination of natural rainfall and sprinkler irrigation during the first two years and with perennial grasses was more successful than the reclamation of coal mine soil with no fertilizer and with legumes or shrubs in the semiarid environment in the southwestern United States.
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0734-3434

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDay, A. D.en
dc.contributor.authorLudeke, K. L.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-11T21:21:01Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-11T21:21:01Zen
dc.date.issued1986en
dc.identifier.issn0734-3434en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/609071en
dc.description.abstractA 5 -year experiment was conducted from 1978 through 1982 on the Black Mesa Coal Mine, Kayenta, Arizona, to study plant species best suited for coal mine reclamation and the effects of fertilizer on selected species. Five plant species were broadcast seeded on coal mine soil (spoils) and unmined soil. Prior to planting, 560 kg /ha of 16-20-0 fertilizer were applied on one -half of each site while the other half received no fertilizer. Immediately after planting, sprinkler irrigation water was applied on all plots, as needed, for the first two years. After two years, fertilizer and irrigation were discontinued on both soil materials and all plant species received only natural rainfall for the following three years. Coal mine soil contained more total soluble salts, nitrogen, potassium, sodium, and organic matter than did unmined soil; however, unmined soil had a higher pH and contained more phosphorous than did coal mine soil. Plant growth measurements were recorded for each plant species in October of each year. In general, plants grew better and produced more forage in unmined soil than they did in coal mine soil. All plant species grew better, yielded more forage, and produced a more satisfactory ground cover when they were fertilized than they did when they were not fertilized. Plant species differed greatly in general growth, forage yield, and percent ground cover within soil materials and within fertilizer treatments. Crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristaturn L.), western wheatgrass (Agropyron smithii Rydb.), and vernal alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) grew better, yielded more forage, and produced a more complete ground cover than did Indian ricegrass (Oryzopsis hymenoides Ricker) or fourwing saltbrush (Atriplex canescens Pursh). In general, the reclamation of unmined soil with fertilizer and a combination of natural rainfall and sprinkler irrigation during the first two years and with perennial grasses was more successful than the reclamation of coal mine soil with no fertilizer and with legumes or shrubs in the semiarid environment in the southwestern United States.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherUniversity of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)en
dc.rightsCopyright © Arizona Board of Regents. The University of Arizona.en_US
dc.sourceCALS Publications Archive. The University of Arizona.en_US
dc.titleReclamation and Fertilization of Coal Mine Soils in the Southwestern Deserten_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.departmentLudeke Corporationen
dc.identifier.journalDesert Plantsen
dc.description.collectioninformationDesert Plants is published by The University of Arizona for the Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum. For more information about this unique botanical journal, please email the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Publications Office at pubs@cals.arizona.edu.en_US
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