Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/606686
Title:
Application of Non-Linear Encoding to Picture Transmission
Author:
Gardenhire, Lawrence W.
Affiliation:
Radiation, Inc.
Issue Date:
1969-09
Rights:
Copyright © International Foundation for Telemetering
Collection Information:
Proceedings from the International Telemetering Conference are made available by the International Foundation for Telemetering and the University of Arizona Libraries. Visit http://www.telemetry.org/index.php/contact-us if you have questions about items in this collection.
Publisher:
International Foundation for Telemetering
Journal:
International Telemetering Conference Proceedings
Abstract:
The process of converting nonlinear analog signals to linear digital signals is a type of companding. This process of companding consists of compressing or expanding the dynamic range at the transmitter and restoring the original levels at the receiver. In telephony it is used to account for differences in speakers' voices. A loud voice will not overdrive the channel, yet a soft voice can be heard. In image transmission and processing, companding is even more important because of the nature of image forming. Both natural and photographic image formation are multiplicative processes. In a natural scene, the illumination and reflectance of objects are combined by multiplication to form observable brightness. Since this combining is a nonlinear process, it is important to transform the output to a linear signal at the earliest possible point in the transmission. If linearizing is not done, noise will affect the dark portion of the picture much more than the bright areas. Companding can be accomplished in many ways either by analog or digital method. The most common analog method is the use of log amplifiers with nonlinear amplitude gain. The most common digital technique is nonlinear encoding which performs the companding while the analog signal is being converted to digits. This companding process, when used on the output of a photo scanner, can be used to improve the transmission and reconstruction of digital pictures.
Sponsors:
International Foundation for Telemetering
ISSN:
0884-5123; 0074-9079
Additional Links:
http://www.telemetry.org/

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleApplication of Non-Linear Encoding to Picture Transmissionen_US
dc.contributor.authorGardenhire, Lawrence W.en
dc.contributor.departmentRadiation, Inc.en
dc.date.issued1969-09en
dc.rightsCopyright © International Foundation for Telemeteringen
dc.description.collectioninformationProceedings from the International Telemetering Conference are made available by the International Foundation for Telemetering and the University of Arizona Libraries. Visit http://www.telemetry.org/index.php/contact-us if you have questions about items in this collection.en
dc.publisherInternational Foundation for Telemeteringen
dc.description.abstractThe process of converting nonlinear analog signals to linear digital signals is a type of companding. This process of companding consists of compressing or expanding the dynamic range at the transmitter and restoring the original levels at the receiver. In telephony it is used to account for differences in speakers' voices. A loud voice will not overdrive the channel, yet a soft voice can be heard. In image transmission and processing, companding is even more important because of the nature of image forming. Both natural and photographic image formation are multiplicative processes. In a natural scene, the illumination and reflectance of objects are combined by multiplication to form observable brightness. Since this combining is a nonlinear process, it is important to transform the output to a linear signal at the earliest possible point in the transmission. If linearizing is not done, noise will affect the dark portion of the picture much more than the bright areas. Companding can be accomplished in many ways either by analog or digital method. The most common analog method is the use of log amplifiers with nonlinear amplitude gain. The most common digital technique is nonlinear encoding which performs the companding while the analog signal is being converted to digits. This companding process, when used on the output of a photo scanner, can be used to improve the transmission and reconstruction of digital pictures.en
dc.description.sponsorshipInternational Foundation for Telemeteringen
dc.identifier.issn0884-5123en
dc.identifier.issn0074-9079en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/606686en
dc.identifier.journalInternational Telemetering Conference Proceedingsen
dc.typetexten
dc.typeProceedingsen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.telemetry.org/en
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