Healthcare Worker Perceptions and Practices Regarding Influenza Vaccination

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/603632
Title:
Healthcare Worker Perceptions and Practices Regarding Influenza Vaccination
Author:
Klassen, Aaron
Affiliation:
The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix
Issue Date:
25-Mar-2016
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2016 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Background: Rates of influenza vaccination among healthcare workers (HCWs) are low despite the significant morbidity and mortality benefit to the HCWs, their patients and their families. Objective: To examine whether attitudes, perceptions and beliefs of HCWs about influenza and influenza vaccination affect their uptake of the seasonal influenza vaccine. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted of HCWs during March 2011 to assess seasonal influenza vaccine uptake, attitudes regarding influenza vaccination, and perceptions of risk of influenza infection. Results: Telephone surveys were completed by 1,171 HCWs and of these 903 responded to all questions relevant to this analysis. Logistic regression models of rates for current, 2010-2011,i influenza vaccination season and preceding influenza vaccination seasons were performed. statistically significant (P<0.05) positive odds ratios for vaccination were found among providers, HCWs with more experience, those who favor mandatory workplace vaccination, believing that the vaccine protects family members, believing the average person is somewhat r very likely to be infected with influenza in a given year, not believing that the influenza vaccine will cause illness, and claiming a higher likelihood of vaccination if the vaccine were less costly or free. Of these, the strongest modifiable predictors of seasonal influenza vaccination uptake were a belief that the vaccine provides protection to the HCWs’ family members and a belief that the average person is somewhat or very likely to be infected with influenza in a given year. Conclusion Beliefs about influenza vaccination have significant effects on HCW seasonal influenza vaccine uptake. We recommend targeting these beliefs when designing educational programs for HCW regarding influenza vaccination. Conclusion: Beliefs about influenza vaccination have significant effects on HCW seasonal influenza vaccine uptake. We recommend targeting these beliefs when designing educational programs for HCW regarding influenza vaccination.
MeSH Subjects:
Healthcare Personnel; Influenza, Human; Vaccination
Description:
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.
Mentor:
Berisha, Vjollca MD, MPH

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleHealthcare Worker Perceptions and Practices Regarding Influenza Vaccinationen_US
dc.contributor.authorKlassen, Aaronen
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenixen
dc.date.issued2016-03-25en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2016 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Rates of influenza vaccination among healthcare workers (HCWs) are low despite the significant morbidity and mortality benefit to the HCWs, their patients and their families. Objective: To examine whether attitudes, perceptions and beliefs of HCWs about influenza and influenza vaccination affect their uptake of the seasonal influenza vaccine. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted of HCWs during March 2011 to assess seasonal influenza vaccine uptake, attitudes regarding influenza vaccination, and perceptions of risk of influenza infection. Results: Telephone surveys were completed by 1,171 HCWs and of these 903 responded to all questions relevant to this analysis. Logistic regression models of rates for current, 2010-2011,i influenza vaccination season and preceding influenza vaccination seasons were performed. statistically significant (P<0.05) positive odds ratios for vaccination were found among providers, HCWs with more experience, those who favor mandatory workplace vaccination, believing that the vaccine protects family members, believing the average person is somewhat r very likely to be infected with influenza in a given year, not believing that the influenza vaccine will cause illness, and claiming a higher likelihood of vaccination if the vaccine were less costly or free. Of these, the strongest modifiable predictors of seasonal influenza vaccination uptake were a belief that the vaccine provides protection to the HCWs’ family members and a belief that the average person is somewhat or very likely to be infected with influenza in a given year. Conclusion Beliefs about influenza vaccination have significant effects on HCW seasonal influenza vaccine uptake. We recommend targeting these beliefs when designing educational programs for HCW regarding influenza vaccination. Conclusion: Beliefs about influenza vaccination have significant effects on HCW seasonal influenza vaccine uptake. We recommend targeting these beliefs when designing educational programs for HCW regarding influenza vaccination.en
dc.typeThesisen
dc.subject.meshHealthcare Personnelen
dc.subject.meshInfluenza, Humanen
dc.subject.meshVaccinationen
dc.descriptionA Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.en
dc.contributor.mentorBerisha, Vjollca MD, MPHen
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