Growth, Equity, and Sustainability: A Case Study of the Impacts of Green Revolution Change in Ceará, Northeast Brazil

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/596085
Title:
Growth, Equity, and Sustainability: A Case Study of the Impacts of Green Revolution Change in Ceará, Northeast Brazil
Author:
de Oliveira Mayorga, Fernando Daniel
Issue Date:
2016
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The objective of this dissertation is to understand the impacts of the Green Revolution on well-being, poverty and on the natural environment within a case study of Guaraciaba do Norte, a small município on a highland plateau surrounded by the semi-arid caatinga in Northeast Brazil. The Green Revolution technology was introduced in the early 1970's and has since transformed the município of Guaraciaba do Norte. Through the analysis of empirical data three different categories of stakeholders were identified and compared, the traditional rainfed producers located in the carrasco (semi-arid region) and zona húmida (humid zone of the plateau) and the Green Revolution producers called irrigators, located along the rivers. With respects to well-being, the research shows that the Green Revolution had a significant and positive affect on economic growth and development, reducing inequality and poverty levels in the município, as well as having significant multiplier effect on the non-agricultural sector, which is highly dependent on the vegetable production activates. Despite this, there are concerns of increased levels of vulnerability and its role in restricting access of new producers in adopting this technology. The abusive use of pesticides in the initial stages and improper disposal of packaging created environmental issues however, these have been resolved over time. Additionally, climate change effects have led to concerns related to the reduced water availability and consequently the future of agricultural activity in the region.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Environment; Green Revolution; Guaraciaba do Norte; Northeast Brazil; Well-being; Arid Lands Resource Sciences; Ceará
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Arid Lands Resource Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Finan, Timothy J.
Committee Chair:
Finan, Timothy J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleGrowth, Equity, and Sustainability: A Case Study of the Impacts of Green Revolution Change in Ceará, Northeast Brazilen_US
dc.creatorde Oliveira Mayorga, Fernando Danielen
dc.contributor.authorde Oliveira Mayorga, Fernando Danielen
dc.date.issued2016en
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this dissertation is to understand the impacts of the Green Revolution on well-being, poverty and on the natural environment within a case study of Guaraciaba do Norte, a small município on a highland plateau surrounded by the semi-arid caatinga in Northeast Brazil. The Green Revolution technology was introduced in the early 1970's and has since transformed the município of Guaraciaba do Norte. Through the analysis of empirical data three different categories of stakeholders were identified and compared, the traditional rainfed producers located in the carrasco (semi-arid region) and zona húmida (humid zone of the plateau) and the Green Revolution producers called irrigators, located along the rivers. With respects to well-being, the research shows that the Green Revolution had a significant and positive affect on economic growth and development, reducing inequality and poverty levels in the município, as well as having significant multiplier effect on the non-agricultural sector, which is highly dependent on the vegetable production activates. Despite this, there are concerns of increased levels of vulnerability and its role in restricting access of new producers in adopting this technology. The abusive use of pesticides in the initial stages and improper disposal of packaging created environmental issues however, these have been resolved over time. Additionally, climate change effects have led to concerns related to the reduced water availability and consequently the future of agricultural activity in the region.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectEnvironmenten
dc.subjectGreen Revolutionen
dc.subjectGuaraciaba do Norteen
dc.subjectNortheast Brazilen
dc.subjectWell-beingen
dc.subjectArid Lands Resource Sciencesen
dc.subjectCearáen
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineArid Lands Resource Sciencesen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorFinan, Timothy J.en
dc.contributor.chairFinan, Timothy J.en
dc.contributor.committeememberFinan, Timothy J.en
dc.contributor.committeememberBaro, Mamadou A.en
dc.contributor.committeememberHutchinson, Charles F.en
dc.contributor.committeememberMarsh, Stuart E.en
dc.contributor.committeememberVasquez-Leon, Marcelaen
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.