Sensory and Affective Dimensions of Dyspnea on Exertion in Young Obese Women

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/595631
Title:
Sensory and Affective Dimensions of Dyspnea on Exertion in Young Obese Women
Author:
Marines-Price, Rubria
Issue Date:
2015
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Introduction: Dyspnea on exertion (DOE) is a common symptom experienced by 40% of healthy obese women. Dyspnea has at least two dimensions: a sensory (intensity) and an affective dimension. The affective dimension was measured in this study by unpleasantness and negative emotions (i.e., depression, anxiety, frustration, anger, and fear) related to DOE, measured as rating of perceived breathlessness (RPB). Purpose: To examine whether RPB during exercise was associated with unpleasantness and negative emotions and the relative exercise intensity and to examine whether 12-week exercise training can reduce unpleasantness and negative emotions related to breathlessness in healthy obese women. Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted from data collected from an interventional study. Volunteers underwent body measurements, underwater weighing, pulmonary function testing, and a constant-load cycle test (60 watts). RPB, unpleasantness, and negative emotions related to DOE were obtained. Results: There was a positive relationship (n = 74) between RPB and unpleasantness (r = .61) and RPB and anxiety (r = .50). There was a relationship (n = 52) between unpleasantness and %VO₂max, r = .28 as well as %HRmax r = .38; anxiety and %HRmax, r = .28 (p < .05). Unpleasantness and anxiety were different between groups (n=55). Unpleasantness was higher in the +DOE group (M = 3.91, SD = 2.29) than the–DOE group (M = 1.37, SD = 2.01), t(53) = 4.27, p = < .0001; Anxiety was higher in the +DOE group (M = 2.76, SD = 2.99) than in–DOE group (M = 0.72, SD = 1.23), t(41.95) = 3.45, p = < .001. Within group analysis (n = 13) showed that participants in +DOE experienced a decrease in unpleasantness after 12-week exercise training (p = .013; paired t test). There was a main effect of exercise on unpleasantness (p = .0307) and a group x training interaction (p = .0285) indicating that persons with DOE prior to the exercise intervention experienced less unpleasantness after the intervention. Conclusion: Unpleasantness and anxiety have been identified as the most common symptoms associated with RPB. Healthy obese women who engage in physical activity may experience higher rates of unpleasantness and anxiety based on their relative intensity of exercise. In addition, women with DOE who experience unpleasantness as an associated symptom could possibly decrease the level of unpleasantness if they engage in an exercise-training program.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Dyspnea on exertion; obesity; symptoms; Nursing; affective dimension
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Nursing
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Insel, Kathleen C.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleSensory and Affective Dimensions of Dyspnea on Exertion in Young Obese Womenen_US
dc.creatorMarines-Price, Rubriaen
dc.contributor.authorMarines-Price, Rubriaen
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Dyspnea on exertion (DOE) is a common symptom experienced by 40% of healthy obese women. Dyspnea has at least two dimensions: a sensory (intensity) and an affective dimension. The affective dimension was measured in this study by unpleasantness and negative emotions (i.e., depression, anxiety, frustration, anger, and fear) related to DOE, measured as rating of perceived breathlessness (RPB). Purpose: To examine whether RPB during exercise was associated with unpleasantness and negative emotions and the relative exercise intensity and to examine whether 12-week exercise training can reduce unpleasantness and negative emotions related to breathlessness in healthy obese women. Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted from data collected from an interventional study. Volunteers underwent body measurements, underwater weighing, pulmonary function testing, and a constant-load cycle test (60 watts). RPB, unpleasantness, and negative emotions related to DOE were obtained. Results: There was a positive relationship (n = 74) between RPB and unpleasantness (r = .61) and RPB and anxiety (r = .50). There was a relationship (n = 52) between unpleasantness and %VO₂max, r = .28 as well as %HRmax r = .38; anxiety and %HRmax, r = .28 (p < .05). Unpleasantness and anxiety were different between groups (n=55). Unpleasantness was higher in the +DOE group (M = 3.91, SD = 2.29) than the–DOE group (M = 1.37, SD = 2.01), t(53) = 4.27, p = < .0001; Anxiety was higher in the +DOE group (M = 2.76, SD = 2.99) than in–DOE group (M = 0.72, SD = 1.23), t(41.95) = 3.45, p = < .001. Within group analysis (n = 13) showed that participants in +DOE experienced a decrease in unpleasantness after 12-week exercise training (p = .013; paired t test). There was a main effect of exercise on unpleasantness (p = .0307) and a group x training interaction (p = .0285) indicating that persons with DOE prior to the exercise intervention experienced less unpleasantness after the intervention. Conclusion: Unpleasantness and anxiety have been identified as the most common symptoms associated with RPB. Healthy obese women who engage in physical activity may experience higher rates of unpleasantness and anxiety based on their relative intensity of exercise. In addition, women with DOE who experience unpleasantness as an associated symptom could possibly decrease the level of unpleasantness if they engage in an exercise-training program.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectDyspnea on exertionen
dc.subjectobesityen
dc.subjectsymptomsen
dc.subjectNursingen
dc.subjectaffective dimensionen
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineNursingen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorInsel, Kathleen C.en
dc.contributor.committeememberInsel, Kathleen C.en
dc.contributor.committeememberRigney, Ted S.en
dc.contributor.committeememberRosenfeld, Anne G.en
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.