Examining Agricultural Prehistoric Land Use Patterns Based on Soil Analysis in Petrified Forest National Park

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/579021
Title:
Examining Agricultural Prehistoric Land Use Patterns Based on Soil Analysis in Petrified Forest National Park
Author:
Stewart, Carlyn Celeste
Issue Date:
2015
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
A geoarchaeological study was conducted at Petrified Forest National Park to investigate prehistoric land use of the area by relating cultural deposits to Holocene environments. The field site may have been used for agriculture. The soil properties of five different micro-environments including a sand dune swale, the edge of a modern wash, a floodplain, a sand dune, and a sloping fan off of a mesa within this area were compared to see what types of prehistoric agricultural methods may have been successful within Petrified Forest and where they were used. Basic field methods included augering and in-field soil analysis of physical properties. The augering resulted in reconstruction of the stratigraphic sequence in the study site. The results concluded that the sediment from the sand dune swale exhibited all the properties necessary to successfully utilize the area for dune agriculture, a common method used by the Ancient Puebloans in arid environments, though other methods and areas were likely used as well.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Degree Name:
B.A.
Degree Level:
bachelors
Degree Program:
Honors College; Anthropology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Holliday, Vance

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleExamining Agricultural Prehistoric Land Use Patterns Based on Soil Analysis in Petrified Forest National Parken_US
dc.creatorStewart, Carlyn Celesteen
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Carlyn Celesteen
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractA geoarchaeological study was conducted at Petrified Forest National Park to investigate prehistoric land use of the area by relating cultural deposits to Holocene environments. The field site may have been used for agriculture. The soil properties of five different micro-environments including a sand dune swale, the edge of a modern wash, a floodplain, a sand dune, and a sloping fan off of a mesa within this area were compared to see what types of prehistoric agricultural methods may have been successful within Petrified Forest and where they were used. Basic field methods included augering and in-field soil analysis of physical properties. The augering resulted in reconstruction of the stratigraphic sequence in the study site. The results concluded that the sediment from the sand dune swale exhibited all the properties necessary to successfully utilize the area for dune agriculture, a common method used by the Ancient Puebloans in arid environments, though other methods and areas were likely used as well.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
thesis.degree.nameB.A.en
thesis.degree.levelbachelorsen
thesis.degree.disciplineHonors Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropologyen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorHolliday, Vanceen
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