Development and Optimization of Low Energy Orbits for Advancing Exploration of the Solar System

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/560837
Title:
Development and Optimization of Low Energy Orbits for Advancing Exploration of the Solar System
Author:
Kidd, John Nocon
Issue Date:
2015
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The architecture of a system which enables the cost-effective exploration of the solar system is proposed. Such a system will make use of the benefits of the natural dynamics represented in the Circular Restricted Three-Body Problem (CRTBP). Additionally, a case study of the first missions which apply the lessons from the CRTBP is examined. The guiding principle of the proposed system is to apply lessons learned from both the Apollo project for deep space exploration and the International Space Station for long term habitation in space as well as modular space vehicle design. From this preliminary system design, a number of missions are outlined. These missions form the basis of an evolvable roadmap to fully develop the infrastructure required for long-term sustained manned exploration of the solar system. This roadmap provides a clear and concise pathway from current exploration capabilities to the current long-term goal of sustained manned exploration of Mars. The primary method employed in designing the staging orbits is the "Single Lunar Swingby", each of the component segment trajectory design processes is explored in detail. Additionally, the method of combining each of these segments together in a larger End-to-End optimizer environment within the General Mission Analysis Tool (GMAT) is introduced, called the Multiple Shooting Method. In particular, a specific Baseline Parking Orbit, or BPO, is chosen and analyzed. This BPO serves as the parking home orbit of any assets not currently in use. A BPO of amplitude (14000, 28000, 6000) kilometers. The BPO has full coverage to both the Earth and the Moon and orbit station-keeping may be conducted at a cost of less than 1 m/s over a 14 year period. This provides a cost-effective platform from which more advanced exploration activities can be based, both robotic and manned. One of the key advanced exploration activities considered is manned exploration of Mars, one of the current long-term goals of NASA. Trajectories from the BPO to Mars and back to Earth are explored and show approximately 50% decrease in required ΔV provided by the spacecraft.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Keywords:
Interplanetary; Mission Design; Optimization; Orbital Mechanics; Spaceflight Dynamics; Systems & Industrial Engineering; Exploration Architecture
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Systems & Industrial Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Furfaro, Roberto

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleDevelopment and Optimization of Low Energy Orbits for Advancing Exploration of the Solar Systemen_US
dc.creatorKidd, John Noconen
dc.contributor.authorKidd, John Noconen
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.description.abstractThe architecture of a system which enables the cost-effective exploration of the solar system is proposed. Such a system will make use of the benefits of the natural dynamics represented in the Circular Restricted Three-Body Problem (CRTBP). Additionally, a case study of the first missions which apply the lessons from the CRTBP is examined. The guiding principle of the proposed system is to apply lessons learned from both the Apollo project for deep space exploration and the International Space Station for long term habitation in space as well as modular space vehicle design. From this preliminary system design, a number of missions are outlined. These missions form the basis of an evolvable roadmap to fully develop the infrastructure required for long-term sustained manned exploration of the solar system. This roadmap provides a clear and concise pathway from current exploration capabilities to the current long-term goal of sustained manned exploration of Mars. The primary method employed in designing the staging orbits is the "Single Lunar Swingby", each of the component segment trajectory design processes is explored in detail. Additionally, the method of combining each of these segments together in a larger End-to-End optimizer environment within the General Mission Analysis Tool (GMAT) is introduced, called the Multiple Shooting Method. In particular, a specific Baseline Parking Orbit, or BPO, is chosen and analyzed. This BPO serves as the parking home orbit of any assets not currently in use. A BPO of amplitude (14000, 28000, 6000) kilometers. The BPO has full coverage to both the Earth and the Moon and orbit station-keeping may be conducted at a cost of less than 1 m/s over a 14 year period. This provides a cost-effective platform from which more advanced exploration activities can be based, both robotic and manned. One of the key advanced exploration activities considered is manned exploration of Mars, one of the current long-term goals of NASA. Trajectories from the BPO to Mars and back to Earth are explored and show approximately 50% decrease in required ΔV provided by the spacecraft.en
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
dc.subjectInterplanetaryen
dc.subjectMission Designen
dc.subjectOptimizationen
dc.subjectOrbital Mechanicsen
dc.subjectSpaceflight Dynamicsen
dc.subjectSystems & Industrial Engineeringen
dc.subjectExploration Architectureen
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineSystems & Industrial Engineeringen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
dc.contributor.advisorFurfaro, Robertoen
dc.contributor.committeememberHead, Larryen
dc.contributor.committeememberGaylor, Daviden
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