Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/333481
Title:
Developing Responsive MRI Contrast Agents to Study Tumor Biology
Author:
Hingorani, Dina Vinoo
Issue Date:
2014
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Embargo:
Release 30-Mar-2015
Abstract:
Enzymes are important biomarkers for determining tumor growth and progression. We have developed two molecules to image enzyme response by catalyCEST MRI. This technology allows for non-invasive detection of enzymes. A background of importance of measuring enzyme activity and MRI agents developed for this purpose have been covered in Chapter 1. We have synthesized a responsive paramagnetic Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer (CEST) agent, called Tm-DO3A-cadaverine. This contrast agents has been successfully cross-linked to the protein albumin by the enzyme transglutaminase leading to the appearance of CEST at -9.2 ppm. The enzyme catalysis has been validated by measuring chemical exchange rates. We have shown that the position of the CEST peak is influenced by the conformation of the molecule depending on the neighboring amino acids to glutamine. This is the first example to show the appearance of CEST due to formation of a covalent bond. We have also synthesized a diamagnetic CEST agent with a large chemical shift dispersion to detect cathespin B activity. Upon enzyme mediated cleavage of PheArgSal, the aryl amide CEST peak at 5.3 ppm disappears. Taking a ratio of the CEST effects from salicylic acid at 9.5 ppm and aryl amide at 5.3 ppm we can detect enzyme activity. The salicylic acid moiety also undergoes some slow response due to enzyme action, as evident by the disappearance of CEST at 9.5 ppm. However, this proof of concept study is the first example of a DIACEST agent designed to measure enzyme activity using a ratio of two CEST effects from the same substrate. The last chapter highlights suggests improvements to the catalyCEST research. The appendix shows the use of bulk magnetic susceptibility measurements by NMR to determine bio-distribution of lanthanides in ex-vivo tissue.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Contrast agent; Enzymes; Imaging; Chemistry; CEST MRI
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Chemistry
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Pagel, Mark D.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleDeveloping Responsive MRI Contrast Agents to Study Tumor Biologyen_US
dc.creatorHingorani, Dina Vinooen_US
dc.contributor.authorHingorani, Dina Vinooen_US
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.releaseRelease 30-Mar-2015en_US
dc.description.abstractEnzymes are important biomarkers for determining tumor growth and progression. We have developed two molecules to image enzyme response by catalyCEST MRI. This technology allows for non-invasive detection of enzymes. A background of importance of measuring enzyme activity and MRI agents developed for this purpose have been covered in Chapter 1. We have synthesized a responsive paramagnetic Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer (CEST) agent, called Tm-DO3A-cadaverine. This contrast agents has been successfully cross-linked to the protein albumin by the enzyme transglutaminase leading to the appearance of CEST at -9.2 ppm. The enzyme catalysis has been validated by measuring chemical exchange rates. We have shown that the position of the CEST peak is influenced by the conformation of the molecule depending on the neighboring amino acids to glutamine. This is the first example to show the appearance of CEST due to formation of a covalent bond. We have also synthesized a diamagnetic CEST agent with a large chemical shift dispersion to detect cathespin B activity. Upon enzyme mediated cleavage of PheArgSal, the aryl amide CEST peak at 5.3 ppm disappears. Taking a ratio of the CEST effects from salicylic acid at 9.5 ppm and aryl amide at 5.3 ppm we can detect enzyme activity. The salicylic acid moiety also undergoes some slow response due to enzyme action, as evident by the disappearance of CEST at 9.5 ppm. However, this proof of concept study is the first example of a DIACEST agent designed to measure enzyme activity using a ratio of two CEST effects from the same substrate. The last chapter highlights suggests improvements to the catalyCEST research. The appendix shows the use of bulk magnetic susceptibility measurements by NMR to determine bio-distribution of lanthanides in ex-vivo tissue.en_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectContrast agenten_US
dc.subjectEnzymesen_US
dc.subjectImagingen_US
dc.subjectChemistryen_US
dc.subjectCEST MRIen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorPagel, Mark D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPagel, Mark D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGlass, Richard S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMash, Jr., Eugene A.en_US
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