Interfacial Composition of the Oxide-Donor Interface: Probing Morphology and Charge Injection/Extraction in Organic Photovoltaics

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/332766
Title:
Interfacial Composition of the Oxide-Donor Interface: Probing Morphology and Charge Injection/Extraction in Organic Photovoltaics
Author:
Gantz, Jeremy L.
Issue Date:
2014
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The role of the transparent conducting oxide (TCO) and the organic donor material interface in small molecule planar heterojunction (PHJ) and bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells (OPV) was investigated and are presented as three projects: 1) the influence of the electrode surface composition and energetics on small molecule organic solar cell performance: Polar vs. non-polar donors on indium tin oxide (ITO) contacts, 2) the study of the oxide donor contact electrical properties utilizing metal-insulator-semiconductor capacitor (MIS-C) devices to probe the dark current contributions of a single interface in organic solar cells, 3) the role of the hole transport layer type and morphology in small molecule BHJ solar cells: correlating trap state density with OPV performance and d) using fluorinated subphthalocyanines as multifunctional materials in OPVs. Organic semiconductor material properties are varied and the role of each class of material functions differently when incorporated into an organic photovoltaic. Polar donor materials such as indium (III) phthalocyanine chloride (ClInPc) adopt different molecular configurations on high work function ITO electrodes as opposed to low work function electrodes which sets itself apart from non-polar electron donating materials. We find that not only does molecular orientation effect the optical properties of these thin films, but the charge transfer properties that occur at the oxide/donor interface influence the overall device performance in OPVs and can be probed using MIS-C devices and high resolution photoemission spectroscopy. We also investigate how the morphology of the hole selective interlayer in BHJ OPVs influences the resulting trap state density and OPV performance.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Chemistry
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Chemistry
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Armstrong, Neal R.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleInterfacial Composition of the Oxide-Donor Interface: Probing Morphology and Charge Injection/Extraction in Organic Photovoltaicsen_US
dc.creatorGantz, Jeremy L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGantz, Jeremy L.en_US
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe role of the transparent conducting oxide (TCO) and the organic donor material interface in small molecule planar heterojunction (PHJ) and bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells (OPV) was investigated and are presented as three projects: 1) the influence of the electrode surface composition and energetics on small molecule organic solar cell performance: Polar vs. non-polar donors on indium tin oxide (ITO) contacts, 2) the study of the oxide donor contact electrical properties utilizing metal-insulator-semiconductor capacitor (MIS-C) devices to probe the dark current contributions of a single interface in organic solar cells, 3) the role of the hole transport layer type and morphology in small molecule BHJ solar cells: correlating trap state density with OPV performance and d) using fluorinated subphthalocyanines as multifunctional materials in OPVs. Organic semiconductor material properties are varied and the role of each class of material functions differently when incorporated into an organic photovoltaic. Polar donor materials such as indium (III) phthalocyanine chloride (ClInPc) adopt different molecular configurations on high work function ITO electrodes as opposed to low work function electrodes which sets itself apart from non-polar electron donating materials. We find that not only does molecular orientation effect the optical properties of these thin films, but the charge transfer properties that occur at the oxide/donor interface influence the overall device performance in OPVs and can be probed using MIS-C devices and high resolution photoemission spectroscopy. We also investigate how the morphology of the hole selective interlayer in BHJ OPVs influences the resulting trap state density and OPV performance.en_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPemberton, Jeanne E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSaavedra, Scott S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLoy, Douglas A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcGrath, Dominic V.en_US
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