Attenuation Of Trace Organic Compounds By Advanced Treatment Technologies In Water Reuse

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/332685
Title:
Attenuation Of Trace Organic Compounds By Advanced Treatment Technologies In Water Reuse
Author:
Anumol, Tarun
Issue Date:
2014
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The ubiquity of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in water systems is well known. With the increasing implementation of water reuse schemes in the US, concern about potential health effects of these compounds in humans has risen. While potential synergistic effects of chronic low doses exposure to a cocktail of these compounds is still being studied, it is prudent to monitor and attenuate these trace organic compounds (TOrCs) from our water sources. This research initially focused on identifying suitable `indicator' TOrCs based on theoretical physico-chemical parameters and actual experimental data. It was concluded that an indicator list will be specific to the goal targeted with dependence on treatment process, occurrence and analytical ease. Quantification of these TOrCs are part per trillion levels in water requires accurate, precise and robust analytical techniques. The next part of this research was spent on developing three different analytical methods with LC-MS/MS for the sensitive detection of TOrCs in several different water matrices including raw sewage and final drinking water. The treatment efficacy of granular activated carbon for attenuation of TOrCs is studied in detail with emphasis on developing correlations between TOrC removal and bulk organic parameters of water like UV absorbance and fluorescence by using rapid small-scale column testing. The results indicate a correlation between removal of TOrCs and bulk organic parameters that is independent of water quality. The effectiveness of commercially available activated carbon based point-of-use (POU) devices for removal of a set of TOrCs from water was evaluated. The data indicated that POUs are a viable option for treatment of TOrCs but specific removal depends on type of device, water quality and amount of water treated. Finally, further research was targeted at identifying transformation products as a result of oxidation of polyfluorinated precursor materials in reclaimed waters. The results illustrated that toxic perfluorocarboxylic acids can be formed on oxidation of fluorotelomer unsaturated carboxylic acids that are known to be present in water.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Granular Activated Carbon; Pharmaceuticals; Tandem Mass Spectrometry; Trace Organic Compounds; Water Reuse; Environmental Engineering; Advanced Oxidation
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Environmental Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Snyder, Shane A.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleAttenuation Of Trace Organic Compounds By Advanced Treatment Technologies In Water Reuseen_US
dc.creatorAnumol, Tarunen_US
dc.contributor.authorAnumol, Tarunen_US
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe ubiquity of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in water systems is well known. With the increasing implementation of water reuse schemes in the US, concern about potential health effects of these compounds in humans has risen. While potential synergistic effects of chronic low doses exposure to a cocktail of these compounds is still being studied, it is prudent to monitor and attenuate these trace organic compounds (TOrCs) from our water sources. This research initially focused on identifying suitable `indicator' TOrCs based on theoretical physico-chemical parameters and actual experimental data. It was concluded that an indicator list will be specific to the goal targeted with dependence on treatment process, occurrence and analytical ease. Quantification of these TOrCs are part per trillion levels in water requires accurate, precise and robust analytical techniques. The next part of this research was spent on developing three different analytical methods with LC-MS/MS for the sensitive detection of TOrCs in several different water matrices including raw sewage and final drinking water. The treatment efficacy of granular activated carbon for attenuation of TOrCs is studied in detail with emphasis on developing correlations between TOrC removal and bulk organic parameters of water like UV absorbance and fluorescence by using rapid small-scale column testing. The results indicate a correlation between removal of TOrCs and bulk organic parameters that is independent of water quality. The effectiveness of commercially available activated carbon based point-of-use (POU) devices for removal of a set of TOrCs from water was evaluated. The data indicated that POUs are a viable option for treatment of TOrCs but specific removal depends on type of device, water quality and amount of water treated. Finally, further research was targeted at identifying transformation products as a result of oxidation of polyfluorinated precursor materials in reclaimed waters. The results illustrated that toxic perfluorocarboxylic acids can be formed on oxidation of fluorotelomer unsaturated carboxylic acids that are known to be present in water.en_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectGranular Activated Carbonen_US
dc.subjectPharmaceuticalsen_US
dc.subjectTandem Mass Spectrometryen_US
dc.subjectTrace Organic Compoundsen_US
dc.subjectWater Reuseen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectAdvanced Oxidationen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEnvironmental Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorSnyder, Shane A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSnyder, Shane A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberArnold, Robert G.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSaez, Eduardo A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberChorover, Jonathanen_US
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