Design of Statistically and Energy Efficient Accelerated Life Tests

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/320992
Title:
Design of Statistically and Energy Efficient Accelerated Life Tests
Author:
Zhang, Dan
Issue Date:
2014
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Embargo:
Release 1-May-2015
Abstract:
Because of the needs for producing highly reliable products and reducing product development time, Accelerated Life Testing (ALT) has been widely used in new product development as an alternative to traditional testing methods. The basic idea of ALT is to expose a limited number of test units of a product to harsher-than-normal operating conditions to expedite failures. Based on the failure time data collected in a short time period, an ALT model incorporating the underlying failure time distribution and life-stress relationship can be developed to predict the product reliability under the normal operating condition. However, ALT experiments often consume significant amount of energy due to the harsher-than-normal operating conditions created and controlled by the test equipment used in the experiments. This challenge may obstruct successful implementations of ALT in practice. In this dissertation, a new ALT design methodology is developed to improve the reliability estimation precision and the efficiency of energy utilization in ALT. This methodology involves two types of ALT design procedures - the sequential optimization approach and the simultaneous optimization alternative with a fully integrated double-loop design architecture. Using the sequential optimum ALT design procedure, the statistical estimation precision of the ALT experiment will be improved first followed by energy minimization through the optimum design of controller for the test equipment. On the other hand, we can optimize the statistical estimation precision and energy consumption of an ALT plan simultaneously by solving a multi-objective optimization problem using a controlled elitist genetic algorithm. When implementing either of the methods, the resulting statistically and energy efficient ALT plan depends not only on the reliability of the product to be evaluated but also on the physical characteristics of the test equipment and its controller. Particularly, the statistical efficiency of each candidate ALT plan needs to be evaluated and the corresponding controller capable of providing the required stress loadings must be designed and simulated in order to evaluate the total energy consumption of the ALT plan. Moreover, the realistic physical constraints and tracking performance of the test equipment are also addressed in the proposed methods for improving the accuracy of test environment. In this dissertation, mathematical formulations, computational algorithms and simulation tools are provided to handle such complex experimental design problems. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first methodological investigation on experimental design of statistically precise and energy efficient ALT. The new experimental design methodology is different from most of the previous work on planning ALT in that (1) the energy consumption of an ALT experiment, depending on both the designed stress loadings and controllers, cannot be expressed as a simple function of the related decision variables; (2) the associated optimum experimental design procedure involves tuning the parameters of the controller and evaluating the objective function via computer experiment (simulation). Our numerical examples demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology in improving the reliability estimation precision while minimizing the total energy consumption in ALT. The robustness of the sequential optimization method is also verified through sensitivity analysis.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Energy Consumption; Optimum Experimental Design; Sequential Optimization; Simultaneous Optimization; Systems & Industrial Engineering; Accelerated Life Testing
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Systems & Industrial Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Liao, Haitao

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleDesign of Statistically and Energy Efficient Accelerated Life Testsen_US
dc.creatorZhang, Danen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Danen_US
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.releaseRelease 1-May-2015en_US
dc.description.abstractBecause of the needs for producing highly reliable products and reducing product development time, Accelerated Life Testing (ALT) has been widely used in new product development as an alternative to traditional testing methods. The basic idea of ALT is to expose a limited number of test units of a product to harsher-than-normal operating conditions to expedite failures. Based on the failure time data collected in a short time period, an ALT model incorporating the underlying failure time distribution and life-stress relationship can be developed to predict the product reliability under the normal operating condition. However, ALT experiments often consume significant amount of energy due to the harsher-than-normal operating conditions created and controlled by the test equipment used in the experiments. This challenge may obstruct successful implementations of ALT in practice. In this dissertation, a new ALT design methodology is developed to improve the reliability estimation precision and the efficiency of energy utilization in ALT. This methodology involves two types of ALT design procedures - the sequential optimization approach and the simultaneous optimization alternative with a fully integrated double-loop design architecture. Using the sequential optimum ALT design procedure, the statistical estimation precision of the ALT experiment will be improved first followed by energy minimization through the optimum design of controller for the test equipment. On the other hand, we can optimize the statistical estimation precision and energy consumption of an ALT plan simultaneously by solving a multi-objective optimization problem using a controlled elitist genetic algorithm. When implementing either of the methods, the resulting statistically and energy efficient ALT plan depends not only on the reliability of the product to be evaluated but also on the physical characteristics of the test equipment and its controller. Particularly, the statistical efficiency of each candidate ALT plan needs to be evaluated and the corresponding controller capable of providing the required stress loadings must be designed and simulated in order to evaluate the total energy consumption of the ALT plan. Moreover, the realistic physical constraints and tracking performance of the test equipment are also addressed in the proposed methods for improving the accuracy of test environment. In this dissertation, mathematical formulations, computational algorithms and simulation tools are provided to handle such complex experimental design problems. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first methodological investigation on experimental design of statistically precise and energy efficient ALT. The new experimental design methodology is different from most of the previous work on planning ALT in that (1) the energy consumption of an ALT experiment, depending on both the designed stress loadings and controllers, cannot be expressed as a simple function of the related decision variables; (2) the associated optimum experimental design procedure involves tuning the parameters of the controller and evaluating the objective function via computer experiment (simulation). Our numerical examples demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology in improving the reliability estimation precision while minimizing the total energy consumption in ALT. The robustness of the sequential optimization method is also verified through sensitivity analysis.en_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectEnergy Consumptionen_US
dc.subjectOptimum Experimental Designen_US
dc.subjectSequential Optimizationen_US
dc.subjectSimultaneous Optimizationen_US
dc.subjectSystems & Industrial Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectAccelerated Life Testingen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSystems & Industrial Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorLiao, Haitaoen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLiao, Haitaoen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLin, Wei Huaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLiu, Jianen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFan, Nengen_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.