Bio Stabilization for Geopolymer Enhancement and Mine Tailings Dust Control

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/319999
Title:
Bio Stabilization for Geopolymer Enhancement and Mine Tailings Dust Control
Author:
Chen, Rui
Issue Date:
2014
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The first part of the thesis investigates the enhancement of fly ash-based geopolymer with alkali pretreated sweet sorghum fiber. The unconfined compression, splitting tensile and flexural tests were conducted to investigate the mechanical properties of geopolymer composite. The results indicate that the inclusion of sweet sorghum fiber slightly decreases the unconfined compressive strength (UCS), however, the splitting tensile and flexural strengths as well as the post-peak toughness increase with the fiber content up to 2% and then decrease thereafter. A durability test program containing 10 wet/dry cycles was performed to evaluate the long-term performance of the geopolymer composite related to wet/dry cycling. The results indicate that both the UCS and the splitting tensile strength of the geopolymer composite progressively decrease with the number of wet/dry cycles. The second part of the thesis investigates the utilization of biopolymers to stabilize MT for dust control. First, a fall cone method was adopted to evaluate the Atterberg limits and undrained shear strength of MT stabilized with biopolymers. The results indicate that the inclusion of biopolymers increases both the liquid limit and the undriained shear strength of MT. Two new equations are proposed for predicting the undrained shear strength of MT based on liquid limit and water content, and liquidity index. Second, an experimental program including moisture retention, wind tunnel and surface strength tests was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of biopolymer stabilization for dust control. The results indicate that biopolymers are effective in enhancing the moisture retention capacity, improving the dust resistance, and increasing the surface strength of MT. Third, a durability test program containing 10 wet/dry cycles was applied to MT samples treated with biopolymer solutions of different concentrations. The results show that the dust resistance of MT samples progressively decreases with the number of wet/dry cycles. Finally, experimental and numerical studies on the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of MT stabilized with biopolymer were carried out. It is found that inclusion of biopolymer into MT favors the increase of adhesion between MT particles and thus the increase of the UCS of MT.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
bio stabilization; dust control; geopolymer; mine tailings; natural fiber; Civil Engineering; biopolymer
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Civil Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Zhang, Lianyang

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleBio Stabilization for Geopolymer Enhancement and Mine Tailings Dust Controlen_US
dc.creatorChen, Ruien_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ruien_US
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe first part of the thesis investigates the enhancement of fly ash-based geopolymer with alkali pretreated sweet sorghum fiber. The unconfined compression, splitting tensile and flexural tests were conducted to investigate the mechanical properties of geopolymer composite. The results indicate that the inclusion of sweet sorghum fiber slightly decreases the unconfined compressive strength (UCS), however, the splitting tensile and flexural strengths as well as the post-peak toughness increase with the fiber content up to 2% and then decrease thereafter. A durability test program containing 10 wet/dry cycles was performed to evaluate the long-term performance of the geopolymer composite related to wet/dry cycling. The results indicate that both the UCS and the splitting tensile strength of the geopolymer composite progressively decrease with the number of wet/dry cycles. The second part of the thesis investigates the utilization of biopolymers to stabilize MT for dust control. First, a fall cone method was adopted to evaluate the Atterberg limits and undrained shear strength of MT stabilized with biopolymers. The results indicate that the inclusion of biopolymers increases both the liquid limit and the undriained shear strength of MT. Two new equations are proposed for predicting the undrained shear strength of MT based on liquid limit and water content, and liquidity index. Second, an experimental program including moisture retention, wind tunnel and surface strength tests was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of biopolymer stabilization for dust control. The results indicate that biopolymers are effective in enhancing the moisture retention capacity, improving the dust resistance, and increasing the surface strength of MT. Third, a durability test program containing 10 wet/dry cycles was applied to MT samples treated with biopolymer solutions of different concentrations. The results show that the dust resistance of MT samples progressively decreases with the number of wet/dry cycles. Finally, experimental and numerical studies on the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of MT stabilized with biopolymer were carried out. It is found that inclusion of biopolymer into MT favors the increase of adhesion between MT particles and thus the increase of the UCS of MT.en_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectbio stabilizationen_US
dc.subjectdust controlen_US
dc.subjectgeopolymeren_US
dc.subjectmine tailingsen_US
dc.subjectnatural fiberen_US
dc.subjectCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectbiopolymeren_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorZhang, Lianyangen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZhang, Lianyangen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFrantziskonis, George N.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKundu, Tribikramen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZhang, Jinhongen_US
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