An Investigation of Dynamic Processes in Selenium Based Chalcogenide Glasses

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/317040
Title:
An Investigation of Dynamic Processes in Selenium Based Chalcogenide Glasses
Author:
Gulbiten, Ozgur
Issue Date:
2014
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Owing to their excellent infrared transmittance and good rheological properties, selenium based chalcogenide glasses have been materials of choice for a number of technological applications. However, chalcogenide glasses can undergo substantial structural relaxation even at room temperature due to their low glass transition temperatures. The origins of these dynamic processes and their correlation to the glass structure is therefore of fundamental and practical interest. In particular, a deep understanding of the dynamic response near the glass transition region could help elucidate the mechanism of these structural relaxation processes. The correlation between structure and dynamic properties of selenium based glass systems were therefore investigated. NMR and Raman spectroscopy measurements reveal that the structure of AsₓSe₁₋ₓ glass follow the chain crossing model in selenium-rich glasses but contain increasing amounts of cage molecules in arsenic-rich compositions. This structural pattern leads to systematic extrema in physical properties at the stoichiometric composition As₄₀Se₆₀.The dynamic response of AsₓSe₁₋ₓ glasses investigated by heat capacity spectroscopy shows two minima in melt fragility as a function of composition which correlate well with the dimensionality of the glassy network. The structure evolves from 2D to 3D during crosslinking of selenium chains by arsenic but reduces into a 2D layer-like structure at the stoichiometric composition. Upon precipitation of arsenic-rich cages the network first reverts back to 3D and eventually becomes a mix of 2D and 0D structural units. The presence of molecular clusters in the network is evidenced by a strong bimodal dynamic response at high arsenic contents. NMR and Raman spectroscopy measurements of GeₓSe₁₋ₓ glasses suggest a structure composed of aggregated tetrahedral units and long selenium chains with little or no connectivity. Distinct dynamic responses of these two separated structural motifs are revealed by heat capacity spectroscopy. A non-Gaussian distribution of the imaginary heat capacity peak provided further evidence for the structural heterogeneity. This behavior is consistent with high temperature NMR measurements which show that the dynamic response of floppy selenium chains is distinct from that of rigid tetrahedral units. Finally, heat capacity spectroscopy applied to pure selenium provides strong evidence for the microscopic origin of the non-exponential structural relaxation, a universal feature of fragile glasses. The evolution of the imaginary heat capacity peak shape during annealing shows a non-monotonic trend which remarkably matches model predictions based on the enthalpy landscape. These results indicate that the non-exponential character of the relaxation process is linked to density fluctuations in the glass.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Dynamic Heterogeneity; Heat Capacity Spectroscopy; Modulated DSC; Raman; Materials Science & Engineering; Chalcogenide Glasses
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Materials Science & Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Lucas, Pierre

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleAn Investigation of Dynamic Processes in Selenium Based Chalcogenide Glassesen_US
dc.creatorGulbiten, Ozguren_US
dc.contributor.authorGulbiten, Ozguren_US
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractOwing to their excellent infrared transmittance and good rheological properties, selenium based chalcogenide glasses have been materials of choice for a number of technological applications. However, chalcogenide glasses can undergo substantial structural relaxation even at room temperature due to their low glass transition temperatures. The origins of these dynamic processes and their correlation to the glass structure is therefore of fundamental and practical interest. In particular, a deep understanding of the dynamic response near the glass transition region could help elucidate the mechanism of these structural relaxation processes. The correlation between structure and dynamic properties of selenium based glass systems were therefore investigated. NMR and Raman spectroscopy measurements reveal that the structure of AsₓSe₁₋ₓ glass follow the chain crossing model in selenium-rich glasses but contain increasing amounts of cage molecules in arsenic-rich compositions. This structural pattern leads to systematic extrema in physical properties at the stoichiometric composition As₄₀Se₆₀.The dynamic response of AsₓSe₁₋ₓ glasses investigated by heat capacity spectroscopy shows two minima in melt fragility as a function of composition which correlate well with the dimensionality of the glassy network. The structure evolves from 2D to 3D during crosslinking of selenium chains by arsenic but reduces into a 2D layer-like structure at the stoichiometric composition. Upon precipitation of arsenic-rich cages the network first reverts back to 3D and eventually becomes a mix of 2D and 0D structural units. The presence of molecular clusters in the network is evidenced by a strong bimodal dynamic response at high arsenic contents. NMR and Raman spectroscopy measurements of GeₓSe₁₋ₓ glasses suggest a structure composed of aggregated tetrahedral units and long selenium chains with little or no connectivity. Distinct dynamic responses of these two separated structural motifs are revealed by heat capacity spectroscopy. A non-Gaussian distribution of the imaginary heat capacity peak provided further evidence for the structural heterogeneity. This behavior is consistent with high temperature NMR measurements which show that the dynamic response of floppy selenium chains is distinct from that of rigid tetrahedral units. Finally, heat capacity spectroscopy applied to pure selenium provides strong evidence for the microscopic origin of the non-exponential structural relaxation, a universal feature of fragile glasses. The evolution of the imaginary heat capacity peak shape during annealing shows a non-monotonic trend which remarkably matches model predictions based on the enthalpy landscape. These results indicate that the non-exponential character of the relaxation process is linked to density fluctuations in the glass.en_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen
dc.subjectDynamic Heterogeneityen_US
dc.subjectHeat Capacity Spectroscopyen_US
dc.subjectModulated DSCen_US
dc.subjectRamanen_US
dc.subjectMaterials Science & Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectChalcogenide Glassesen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMaterials Science & Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorLucas, Pierreen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLucas, Pierreen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberUhlmann, Donald R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMuralidharan, Krishnaen_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.