Intravenous Immunoglobulin Use in the Treatment of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: A 10-year Retrospective Analysis of Patients of a Single Burn Center

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/315845
Title:
Intravenous Immunoglobulin Use in the Treatment of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: A 10-year Retrospective Analysis of Patients of a Single Burn Center
Author:
Cooper, Ryan
Affiliation:
The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix
Issue Date:
Apr-2014
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2014 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Stevens - Johnson syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Syndrome are rare, but serious conditions affecting skin and mucous membranes that are primarily treated with supportive care. Other more specific therapies have limited evidence to support the benefit of their use; one such treatment is intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). The use of IVIG in the treatment of these syndromes remain controversial due to mixed results demonstrated in the literature, and at present is not considered a component of the standard of care. This study seeks to provide additional data regarding the efficacy of IVIG treatment on mortality in a small cohort of patients presenting with these syndromes at a regional burn center over a 10-year period; data was retrospectively collected from patient medical records. On analysis of this data, IVIG use showed a potential, but not significant. improvement on mortality in comparison to the non-treatment group. Compared with the non-treatment group, odds ratios for death were 0.81 (95% CI 0.3-2.0) for IVIG. There is ultimately no new evidence that the benefit of IVIG in the treatment of Stevens - Johnson syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Syndrome is anything more than potential. Further investigation should include a rigorous analysis and comparison of different dosing regimens.
Keywords:
Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
MeSH Subjects:
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous; Stevens-Johnson Syndrome; Burn Units
Description:
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.
Mentor:
Pressman, Melissa PhD; Foster, Kevin MD

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleIntravenous Immunoglobulin Use in the Treatment of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: A 10-year Retrospective Analysis of Patients of a Single Burn Centeren_US
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Ryanen_US
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenixen_US
dc.date.issued2014-04-
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2014 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.description.abstractStevens - Johnson syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Syndrome are rare, but serious conditions affecting skin and mucous membranes that are primarily treated with supportive care. Other more specific therapies have limited evidence to support the benefit of their use; one such treatment is intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). The use of IVIG in the treatment of these syndromes remain controversial due to mixed results demonstrated in the literature, and at present is not considered a component of the standard of care. This study seeks to provide additional data regarding the efficacy of IVIG treatment on mortality in a small cohort of patients presenting with these syndromes at a regional burn center over a 10-year period; data was retrospectively collected from patient medical records. On analysis of this data, IVIG use showed a potential, but not significant. improvement on mortality in comparison to the non-treatment group. Compared with the non-treatment group, odds ratios for death were 0.81 (95% CI 0.3-2.0) for IVIG. There is ultimately no new evidence that the benefit of IVIG in the treatment of Stevens - Johnson syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Syndrome is anything more than potential. Further investigation should include a rigorous analysis and comparison of different dosing regimens.en_US
dc.typeThesisen
dc.subjectToxic Epidermal Necrolysisen_US
dc.subject.meshImmunoglobulins, Intravenousen_US
dc.subject.meshStevens-Johnson Syndromeen_US
dc.subject.meshBurn Unitsen_US
dc.descriptionA Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.en_US
dc.contributor.mentorPressman, Melissa PhDen_US
dc.contributor.mentorFoster, Kevin MDen_US
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