The Effect of Two Surgeons on Operative Time, Anesthesia Time, and Blood Loss in Pediatric Patients with Neuromuscular Scoliosis Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/315824
Title:
The Effect of Two Surgeons on Operative Time, Anesthesia Time, and Blood Loss in Pediatric Patients with Neuromuscular Scoliosis Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery
Author:
Cowan, Kirsten
Affiliation:
The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix
Issue Date:
Apr-2014
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2014 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Objective The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of using a two attending surgeon approach on operative time, anesthesia time, and estimated blood loss in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion surgery. Methods This was a retrospective chart review study of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis who underwent posterior spinal fusion surgery at Phoenix Children’s Hospital in 2011 and 2012. Results Results from 70 patients showed a significant reduction in operative and anesthesia times for patients with two attending surgeons as opposed to one. Mean operative time for the two surgeon group was 3 hours 30 minutes (SD = 49 minutes) and was significantly shorter than 4 hours 26 minutes (SD = 1 hour 22 minutes), the mean operative time for the one surgeon group, t (56) =3.44, p = .001. Mean anesthesia time for the two surgeon group was 5 hours 28 minutes (SD = 55 minutes) and was significantly shorter than 6 hours 9 minutes (SD = 1 hour 28 minutes), the mean anesthesia time for the one surgeon group, t (57) = -2.34, p = .023. There was no significant difference in estimated blood loss found between the groups. The mean blood loss for the two surgeon group was 1202.1 ml( SD = 1033.1) versus 1042.1 ml (SD = 959.41) for the one surgeon group, t(68) = .671, p = .50. This pattern of results remained the same in subgroup analysis designed to compare cases with similar severity of presentation. Significance Patients with neuromuscular scoliosis may benefit from a two attending surgeon approach to posterior spinal fusion. More studies are needed to determine modifiable risk factors for excessive blood loss in neuromuscular scoliosis patients as well as to investigate the effect of using a two surgeon approach on specific post-operative complications.
Keywords:
Surgeon
MeSH Subjects:
Child; Operative Time; Anesthesia; Blood Loss, Surgical; Scoliosis; Spinal Fusion
Description:
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.
Mentor:
Shrader, M Wade, MD

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.titleThe Effect of Two Surgeons on Operative Time, Anesthesia Time, and Blood Loss in Pediatric Patients with Neuromuscular Scoliosis Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgeryen_US
dc.contributor.authorCowan, Kirstenen_US
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenixen_US
dc.date.issued2014-04-
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2014 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.description.abstractObjective The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of using a two attending surgeon approach on operative time, anesthesia time, and estimated blood loss in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion surgery. Methods This was a retrospective chart review study of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis who underwent posterior spinal fusion surgery at Phoenix Children’s Hospital in 2011 and 2012. Results Results from 70 patients showed a significant reduction in operative and anesthesia times for patients with two attending surgeons as opposed to one. Mean operative time for the two surgeon group was 3 hours 30 minutes (SD = 49 minutes) and was significantly shorter than 4 hours 26 minutes (SD = 1 hour 22 minutes), the mean operative time for the one surgeon group, t (56) =3.44, p = .001. Mean anesthesia time for the two surgeon group was 5 hours 28 minutes (SD = 55 minutes) and was significantly shorter than 6 hours 9 minutes (SD = 1 hour 28 minutes), the mean anesthesia time for the one surgeon group, t (57) = -2.34, p = .023. There was no significant difference in estimated blood loss found between the groups. The mean blood loss for the two surgeon group was 1202.1 ml( SD = 1033.1) versus 1042.1 ml (SD = 959.41) for the one surgeon group, t(68) = .671, p = .50. This pattern of results remained the same in subgroup analysis designed to compare cases with similar severity of presentation. Significance Patients with neuromuscular scoliosis may benefit from a two attending surgeon approach to posterior spinal fusion. More studies are needed to determine modifiable risk factors for excessive blood loss in neuromuscular scoliosis patients as well as to investigate the effect of using a two surgeon approach on specific post-operative complications.en_US
dc.typeThesisen
dc.subjectSurgeonen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshOperative Timeen_US
dc.subject.meshAnesthesiaen_US
dc.subject.meshBlood Loss, Surgicalen_US
dc.subject.meshScoliosisen_US
dc.subject.meshSpinal Fusionen_US
dc.descriptionA Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.en_US
dc.contributor.mentorShrader, M Wade, MDen_US
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