Social Stress and Bone Loss at Point of Pines Pueblo, Arizona: A pQCT Study on Archaeological Bone

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/311471
Title:
Social Stress and Bone Loss at Point of Pines Pueblo, Arizona: A pQCT Study on Archaeological Bone
Author:
Mountain, Rebecca Vivienne
Issue Date:
2013
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Bone loss is an important skeletal indicator of environmental stress. Cortical and trabecular bone, however, are differentially affected by various stressors. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) potentially addresses this issue by separately calculating cortical and trabecular bone mineral density (BMD). This project had two major goals: evaluate the effectiveness of pQCT in measuring BMD in archaeological specimens, and test the hypothesis that females suffered greater bone loss than males in a socially stressed population. Cortical and trabecular BMD was measured in the radius and femur of skeletons from Point of Pines Pueblo, Arizona. pQCT effectively measured BMD in the sample, but the hypothesis that females suffered greater BMD loss than males was not supported. Females showed no significant BMD loss in the radius, while males experienced no significant changes in cortical density. Sex-specific activities may explain bone maintenance in the female radius, while hormonal differences likely maintained male cortical density.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Keywords:
bone loss; pQCT; Southwest; stress; Anthropology; bioarchaeology
Degree Name:
M.A.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Anthropology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Watson, James T.; McClelland, John A.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleSocial Stress and Bone Loss at Point of Pines Pueblo, Arizona: A pQCT Study on Archaeological Boneen_US
dc.creatorMountain, Rebecca Vivienneen_US
dc.contributor.authorMountain, Rebecca Vivienneen_US
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractBone loss is an important skeletal indicator of environmental stress. Cortical and trabecular bone, however, are differentially affected by various stressors. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) potentially addresses this issue by separately calculating cortical and trabecular bone mineral density (BMD). This project had two major goals: evaluate the effectiveness of pQCT in measuring BMD in archaeological specimens, and test the hypothesis that females suffered greater bone loss than males in a socially stressed population. Cortical and trabecular BMD was measured in the radius and femur of skeletons from Point of Pines Pueblo, Arizona. pQCT effectively measured BMD in the sample, but the hypothesis that females suffered greater BMD loss than males was not supported. Females showed no significant BMD loss in the radius, while males experienced no significant changes in cortical density. Sex-specific activities may explain bone maintenance in the female radius, while hormonal differences likely maintained male cortical density.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen_US
dc.subjectbone lossen_US
dc.subjectpQCTen_US
dc.subjectSouthwesten_US
dc.subjectstressen_US
dc.subjectAnthropologyen_US
dc.subjectbioarchaeologyen_US
thesis.degree.nameM.A.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorWatson, James T.en_US
dc.contributor.advisorMcClelland, John A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWatson, James T.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcClelland, John A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberReid, J. Jeffersonen_US
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