Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/307026
Title:
CHARM and Strangeness in Quark-Gluon Plasma Hadronization
Author:
Petran, Michal
Issue Date:
2013
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation presents a theoretical study of soft hadron production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The aim is to explore the principles governing the hadronization of the expanding quark-gluon plasma (QGP) fireball, and to understand its properties. Strange hadron production and strangeness abundance in the QGP help us to look before the instant of hadronization. Consideration of entropy and charm production further enhances the reach back in time to the first instances of the heavy ion collision. Much of the ongoing effort is to demonstrate the validity of a QGP hadronization model which describes the particle production data accurately and thus allows us to carry out the above research program. We perform a centrality dependent study of multistrange hadrons from Au-Au collisions at √SNN = 62.4 GeV, data obtained at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). We show that the statistical hadronization model (SHM) well describes particle production. For all centralities, the particle production conditions are compatible with the earlier proposed critical hadronization pressure suggesting a set of universal hadronization conditions of QGP. Heavy-ion collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) present a new challenge for SHM in describing particle production at TeV energy scales. The chemical non-equilibrium model gives a good description of the hadron production in Pb-Pb collisions at √SNN = 2.76 TeV consistently as a function of centrality. Moreover, the model parameters, such as chemical freeze-out temperature, assume expected values suggested by results from previous studies at lower energies. The quark-gluon plasma fireball hadronizes at the same universal hadronization conditions, that is a common critical pressure, entropy and energy density. At LHC energies, a significant amount of charm is expected to be produced. It is therefore crucial to incorporate charm into the present description of particle production. We present a new tool, an upgraded SHARE with CHARM program, that quantifies the effect of charm on the yield of lighter hadrons and physical properties of the hadronizing fireball. In addition to light flavors (u,d,s), SHARE with CHARM describes charm hadron production and decays of charm hadrons. According to present experimental results, charm decays mainly affect the yields of multistrange particles. This dissertation begins with an introduction to the particle production in heavy-ion collisions and SHM framework, followed by a summary of results that are either published or submitted to peer-reviewed journals and others which are published as conference proceedings. Reprints of the publications are attached to the dissertation as appendices. Each appendix is prefaced with a short summary of presented results, and my contribution to these works is described.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
quark-gluon plasma; SHARE; statistical hadronization; strangeness; Physics; charm
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Physics
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Rafelski, Johann

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleCHARM and Strangeness in Quark-Gluon Plasma Hadronizationen_US
dc.creatorPetran, Michalen_US
dc.contributor.authorPetran, Michalen_US
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation presents a theoretical study of soft hadron production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The aim is to explore the principles governing the hadronization of the expanding quark-gluon plasma (QGP) fireball, and to understand its properties. Strange hadron production and strangeness abundance in the QGP help us to look before the instant of hadronization. Consideration of entropy and charm production further enhances the reach back in time to the first instances of the heavy ion collision. Much of the ongoing effort is to demonstrate the validity of a QGP hadronization model which describes the particle production data accurately and thus allows us to carry out the above research program. We perform a centrality dependent study of multistrange hadrons from Au-Au collisions at √SNN = 62.4 GeV, data obtained at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). We show that the statistical hadronization model (SHM) well describes particle production. For all centralities, the particle production conditions are compatible with the earlier proposed critical hadronization pressure suggesting a set of universal hadronization conditions of QGP. Heavy-ion collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) present a new challenge for SHM in describing particle production at TeV energy scales. The chemical non-equilibrium model gives a good description of the hadron production in Pb-Pb collisions at √SNN = 2.76 TeV consistently as a function of centrality. Moreover, the model parameters, such as chemical freeze-out temperature, assume expected values suggested by results from previous studies at lower energies. The quark-gluon plasma fireball hadronizes at the same universal hadronization conditions, that is a common critical pressure, entropy and energy density. At LHC energies, a significant amount of charm is expected to be produced. It is therefore crucial to incorporate charm into the present description of particle production. We present a new tool, an upgraded SHARE with CHARM program, that quantifies the effect of charm on the yield of lighter hadrons and physical properties of the hadronizing fireball. In addition to light flavors (u,d,s), SHARE with CHARM describes charm hadron production and decays of charm hadrons. According to present experimental results, charm decays mainly affect the yields of multistrange particles. This dissertation begins with an introduction to the particle production in heavy-ion collisions and SHM framework, followed by a summary of results that are either published or submitted to peer-reviewed journals and others which are published as conference proceedings. Reprints of the publications are attached to the dissertation as appendices. Each appendix is prefaced with a short summary of presented results, and my contribution to these works is described.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectquark-gluon plasmaen_US
dc.subjectSHAREen_US
dc.subjectstatistical hadronizationen_US
dc.subjectstrangenessen_US
dc.subjectPhysicsen_US
dc.subjectcharmen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysicsen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorRafelski, Johannen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRafelski, Johannen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFleming, Seanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJohns, Kenen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberShupe, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVisscher, Koenen_US
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