The Compartmented Reservoir: A Method of Efficient Water Storage in Flat Terrain

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/305398
Title:
The Compartmented Reservoir: A Method of Efficient Water Storage in Flat Terrain
Author:
Cluff, C. Brent
Issue Date:
1977
Description:
For Presentation at the UNITAR Conference on Alternative Strategies for Desert Development and Management, Sacramento, California, May 31 - June 10, 1977
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/305398
Abstract:
The compartmented reservoir is presented as an efficient method of storing water in areas having a relatively flat terrain where there is a significant water loss through evaporation. The flat terrain makes it difficult to avoid large surface-area-to-water-volume ratios when using a conventional reservoir. This paper demonstrates that large water losses through evaporation can be reduced by compartmentalizing shallow impervious reservoirs and in flat terrain concentrating water by pumping it from one compartment to another. Concentrating the water reduces the surface-area-to-water-volume ratio to a minimum, thus decreasing evaporation losses by reducing both the temperature and exposure of the water to the atmosphere. Portable, high-capacity pumps make the method economical for small reservoirs as well as for relatively large reservoirs. Further, the amount of water available for beneficial consumption is usually more than the amount of water pumped for concentration. A Compartmented Reservoir Optimization Program (CROP -76) has been developed for selecting the optimal design configuration. The program was utilized in designing several systems. Through the use of the model, the interrelationship of the parameters have been elucidated. These parameters are volume, area, depth, and slope of the embankment around each compartment. These parameters interface with the parameters describing rainfall and hydrologic characteristics of the watershed. The water-yield model used in CROP-76 requires inputs of watershed area, daily precipitation, daily and maximum depletion. In addition, three sets of seasonal modifying coefficients are required either through calibration or estimated by an experienced hydrologist. The model can determine runoff from two types of watersheds, a natural and /or treated catchment. Additional inputs of CROP-76 are the surface water evaporation rate and the amount and type of consumptive use.
Language:
en_US

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCluff, C. Brenten_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-14T20:05:13Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-14T20:05:13Z-
dc.date.issued1977-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/305398-
dc.descriptionFor Presentation at the UNITAR Conference on Alternative Strategies for Desert Development and Management, Sacramento, California, May 31 - June 10, 1977en_US
dc.description.abstractThe compartmented reservoir is presented as an efficient method of storing water in areas having a relatively flat terrain where there is a significant water loss through evaporation. The flat terrain makes it difficult to avoid large surface-area-to-water-volume ratios when using a conventional reservoir. This paper demonstrates that large water losses through evaporation can be reduced by compartmentalizing shallow impervious reservoirs and in flat terrain concentrating water by pumping it from one compartment to another. Concentrating the water reduces the surface-area-to-water-volume ratio to a minimum, thus decreasing evaporation losses by reducing both the temperature and exposure of the water to the atmosphere. Portable, high-capacity pumps make the method economical for small reservoirs as well as for relatively large reservoirs. Further, the amount of water available for beneficial consumption is usually more than the amount of water pumped for concentration. A Compartmented Reservoir Optimization Program (CROP -76) has been developed for selecting the optimal design configuration. The program was utilized in designing several systems. Through the use of the model, the interrelationship of the parameters have been elucidated. These parameters are volume, area, depth, and slope of the embankment around each compartment. These parameters interface with the parameters describing rainfall and hydrologic characteristics of the watershed. The water-yield model used in CROP-76 requires inputs of watershed area, daily precipitation, daily and maximum depletion. In addition, three sets of seasonal modifying coefficients are required either through calibration or estimated by an experienced hydrologist. The model can determine runoff from two types of watersheds, a natural and /or treated catchment. Additional inputs of CROP-76 are the surface water evaporation rate and the amount and type of consumptive use.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.sourceWater Resources Research Center. The University of Arizona.en_US
dc.titleThe Compartmented Reservoir: A Method of Efficient Water Storage in Flat Terrainen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Water Resources Research Center collection. It was digitized from a physical copy provided by the Water Resources Research Center at The University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact the Center, (520) 621-9591 or see http://wrrc.arizona.edu.en_US
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