Talker Discrimination in Preschool Children with and without Specific Language Impairment

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/301664
Title:
Talker Discrimination in Preschool Children with and without Specific Language Impairment
Author:
Dailey, Natalie S.
Issue Date:
2013
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Variability inherently present between multiple talkers can prove beneficial in the context of learning. However, the performance during learning paradigms by children with specific language impairment (SLI) remains below typically developing peers, even when multiple talkers are used. Preschool children with typically developing language (n = 17) and SLI (n = 17) participated in a talker discrimination task. Five different pairings of talkers (same male, different males, same female, different females, male + female) were used to present 50 spoken words. Children with SLI were significantly poorer in discriminating same and different male speakers compared to their typical peers. The present findings demonstrate that preschool children with SLI can experience difficulty distinguishing between talkers. Poor sensitivity to variation in talkers may contribute to poor learning in SLI for contexts where multiple talker input should benefit the learner.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Keywords:
Specific Language Impairment; Speech perception; Speech, Language, & Hearing Sciences; Child
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Speech, Language, & Hearing Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Plante, Elena

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleTalker Discrimination in Preschool Children with and without Specific Language Impairmenten_US
dc.creatorDailey, Natalie S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDailey, Natalie S.en_US
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractVariability inherently present between multiple talkers can prove beneficial in the context of learning. However, the performance during learning paradigms by children with specific language impairment (SLI) remains below typically developing peers, even when multiple talkers are used. Preschool children with typically developing language (n = 17) and SLI (n = 17) participated in a talker discrimination task. Five different pairings of talkers (same male, different males, same female, different females, male + female) were used to present 50 spoken words. Children with SLI were significantly poorer in discriminating same and different male speakers compared to their typical peers. The present findings demonstrate that preschool children with SLI can experience difficulty distinguishing between talkers. Poor sensitivity to variation in talkers may contribute to poor learning in SLI for contexts where multiple talker input should benefit the learner.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen_US
dc.subjectSpecific Language Impairmenten_US
dc.subjectSpeech perceptionen_US
dc.subjectSpeech, Language, & Hearing Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectChilden_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSpeech, Language, & Hearing Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorPlante, Elenaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAlt, Maryen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBeeson, Pelagieen_US
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