Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/301142
Title:
Water Quality of Runoff from Surface Mined Lands in Northern Arizona
Author:
Kempf, J.; Leonhart, L.; Fogel, M.; Duckstein, L.
Affiliation:
Department of Systems and Industrial Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson; School of Renewable Natural Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson
Issue Date:
15-Apr-1978
Rights:
Copyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.
Publisher:
Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science
Journal:
Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest
Abstract:
Surface mining of coal in the western U.S. can cause problems of increased salinity and heavy metal contamination in runoff along with a lack of enough rainfall to sustain plant growth for reclamation. To facilitate the planning of reclamation efforts in such areas results are described of a water quality sampling experiment on the ponds and runoff at the University of Arizona Experimental Watershed on Black Mesa in northern Arizona. A systems theoretic framework is employed to model the watershed and the results of a computer simulation based on this model is used to indicate that salinity buildup could be expected over time, given a minimal change in watershed configuration, with possible development of fluoride contamination being of particular concern. Water quality tests of the pond water and runoff on Black Mesa indicated that the water is within Federal standards for drinking and irrigation, except for sodium and fluoride. It is suggested that if it is economically desirable, the collection of more data on the ponds could be used to develop a simulation model of pond subsystems along the lines of the methodology outlined in this analysis.
Keywords:
Hydrology -- Arizona.; Water resources development -- Arizona.; Hydrology -- Southwestern states.; Water resources development -- Southwestern states.; Water quality; Runoff; Ponds; Coal mines; Environmental effects; Strip mine wastes; Water pollution sources; Surface runoff; Mine water; Pollutant identification; Salinity; Heavy metals; Fluorides; Sodium; Land reclamation; Planning; Watershed management; Computer models; Systems analysis; Model studies; Arizona; Black Mesa
ISSN:
0272-6106

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleWater Quality of Runoff from Surface Mined Lands in Northern Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKempf, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeonhart, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFogel, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDuckstein, L.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Systems and Industrial Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucsonen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Renewable Natural Resources, University of Arizona, Tucsonen_US
dc.date.issued1978-04-15-
dc.rightsCopyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.en_US
dc.publisherArizona-Nevada Academy of Scienceen_US
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.description.abstractSurface mining of coal in the western U.S. can cause problems of increased salinity and heavy metal contamination in runoff along with a lack of enough rainfall to sustain plant growth for reclamation. To facilitate the planning of reclamation efforts in such areas results are described of a water quality sampling experiment on the ponds and runoff at the University of Arizona Experimental Watershed on Black Mesa in northern Arizona. A systems theoretic framework is employed to model the watershed and the results of a computer simulation based on this model is used to indicate that salinity buildup could be expected over time, given a minimal change in watershed configuration, with possible development of fluoride contamination being of particular concern. Water quality tests of the pond water and runoff on Black Mesa indicated that the water is within Federal standards for drinking and irrigation, except for sodium and fluoride. It is suggested that if it is economically desirable, the collection of more data on the ponds could be used to develop a simulation model of pond subsystems along the lines of the methodology outlined in this analysis.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.subjectWater qualityen_US
dc.subjectRunoffen_US
dc.subjectPondsen_US
dc.subjectCoal minesen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental effectsen_US
dc.subjectStrip mine wastesen_US
dc.subjectWater pollution sourcesen_US
dc.subjectSurface runoffen_US
dc.subjectMine wateren_US
dc.subjectPollutant identificationen_US
dc.subjectSalinityen_US
dc.subjectHeavy metalsen_US
dc.subjectFluoridesen_US
dc.subjectSodiumen_US
dc.subjectLand reclamationen_US
dc.subjectPlanningen_US
dc.subjectWatershed managementen_US
dc.subjectComputer modelsen_US
dc.subjectSystems analysisen_US
dc.subjectModel studiesen_US
dc.subjectArizonaen_US
dc.subjectBlack Mesaen_US
dc.identifier.issn0272-6106-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/301142-
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeProceedingsen_US
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