Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/300462
Title:
Preliminary Investigations of the Hydrologic Properties of Diatremes in the Hopi Buttes, Arizona
Author:
Scott, Kenneth C.; Edmonds, R. J.; Montgomery, E. L.
Affiliation:
Northern Arizona University; U. S. Geological Survey, Flagstaff
Issue Date:
20-Apr-1974
Rights:
Copyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.
Publisher:
Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science
Journal:
Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest
Abstract:
Diatremes of Late Pliocene age in the Hopi Buttes area of Arizona are becoming increasingly important sources of groundwater to the Indian nations. These volcanic vent structures are prime sources of groundwater because sedimentary formations in the Hopi Buttes area yield only limited amounts of water or yield poor quality water. Diatremes act as traps for groundwater and some have yielded moderate amounts of good quality water to wells. Surface geologic investigations and analysis of drillers' logs indicate that structural relationships and diatreme lithology provide a means to project the hydrologic properties of the vent. Diatremes most suitable for groundwater development should have a diameter greater than one half mile, should contain volcanic tuff and breccia at its center, and should be fractured from collapse. Lava flows covering diatremes reduce recharge from sheet wash or from ephemeral stream flow. Data from geomagnetic and gravity surveys will be analyzed to determine its suitability for predicting subsurface size, shape, and lithology of the diatreme. The integration of geophysical and surface geologic data will reveal the total geometry of the structure enabling the most accurate appraisal of the hydrologic properties of the diatreme.
Keywords:
Hydrology -- Arizona.; Water resources development -- Arizona.; Hydrology -- Southwestern states.; Water resources development -- Southwestern states.; Water supply; Groundwater basins; Water wells; Hydrologic properties; Groundwater availability; Arizona; Petrology; Permeability; Soil properties; Water properties; Water resources; Recharge; Water quality; Groundwater mining; Aquifers; Groundwater; Aquifer characteristics; Water sources; Water yield; Hydrogeology; Water storage; Igneous rocks; Diatremes; Hopi buttes (ariz)
ISSN:
0272-6106

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titlePreliminary Investigations of the Hydrologic Properties of Diatremes in the Hopi Buttes, Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.authorScott, Kenneth C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEdmonds, R. J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMontgomery, E. L.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentNorthern Arizona Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentU. S. Geological Survey, Flagstaffen_US
dc.date.issued1974-04-20-
dc.rightsCopyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.en_US
dc.publisherArizona-Nevada Academy of Scienceen_US
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.description.abstractDiatremes of Late Pliocene age in the Hopi Buttes area of Arizona are becoming increasingly important sources of groundwater to the Indian nations. These volcanic vent structures are prime sources of groundwater because sedimentary formations in the Hopi Buttes area yield only limited amounts of water or yield poor quality water. Diatremes act as traps for groundwater and some have yielded moderate amounts of good quality water to wells. Surface geologic investigations and analysis of drillers' logs indicate that structural relationships and diatreme lithology provide a means to project the hydrologic properties of the vent. Diatremes most suitable for groundwater development should have a diameter greater than one half mile, should contain volcanic tuff and breccia at its center, and should be fractured from collapse. Lava flows covering diatremes reduce recharge from sheet wash or from ephemeral stream flow. Data from geomagnetic and gravity surveys will be analyzed to determine its suitability for predicting subsurface size, shape, and lithology of the diatreme. The integration of geophysical and surface geologic data will reveal the total geometry of the structure enabling the most accurate appraisal of the hydrologic properties of the diatreme.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.subjectWater supplyen_US
dc.subjectGroundwater basinsen_US
dc.subjectWater wellsen_US
dc.subjectHydrologic propertiesen_US
dc.subjectGroundwater availabilityen_US
dc.subjectArizonaen_US
dc.subjectPetrologyen_US
dc.subjectPermeabilityen_US
dc.subjectSoil propertiesen_US
dc.subjectWater propertiesen_US
dc.subjectWater resourcesen_US
dc.subjectRechargeen_US
dc.subjectWater qualityen_US
dc.subjectGroundwater miningen_US
dc.subjectAquifersen_US
dc.subjectGroundwateren_US
dc.subjectAquifer characteristicsen_US
dc.subjectWater sourcesen_US
dc.subjectWater yielden_US
dc.subjectHydrogeologyen_US
dc.subjectWater storageen_US
dc.subjectIgneous rocksen_US
dc.subjectDiatremesen_US
dc.subjectHopi buttes (ariz)en_US
dc.identifier.issn0272-6106-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/300462-
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeProceedingsen_US
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