Nutritional evaluations of Cabernet Sauvignon grape and some rootstocks in calcareous soils under greenhouse conditions

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/298723
Title:
Nutritional evaluations of Cabernet Sauvignon grape and some rootstocks in calcareous soils under greenhouse conditions
Author:
Juarez Gonzalez, Rogelio Ausencio
Issue Date:
1993
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Greenhouse studies were carried out to determine the effects of three calcareous soils on the foliar growth and elemental composition of a vinifera variety, three common roostocks, and the variety grafted to the three roostocks. Soils, water, shoot growth, tissue analyses, and cation uptake were evaluated in grapevines on which grape variety rootstocks and grafted materials were established on Mohall, Sonoita, and Casa Grande soil series in PVC columns collected from three agricultural areas in Arizona. Grapevines have a root system that explores the subsoil as well the surface of the soil; however, in calcareous soils with high pH and high lime content, some micronutrient are relatively insoluble, also calcium tends to be precipitated forming calcium carbonate and becomes water insoluble; therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the roostock effect in the nutritional uptake. Good compatibility was observed between rootstocks and scions, also all grafted vines grew very well and no chlorosis or foliar elemental deficiencies were obserbed during the experiments. In this study, roostocks showed bigger shoot growth in grapevines than the rest of the treatments. Grafted grapevines contained higher foliar potassium than the rest of the treatments. Also all material evaluated had calcium and iron deficiencies with content less than 1.2 percent and 70 mg kg-1, respectively, and no one had more than 0.5 percent of sodium content, foliar grape content reported by California that can be a problem. Cabernet savignon had the highest magnesium content in the three soils. Cation balance was used to measure the cation uptake for the evaluated materials; consequently, grafted plants had higher cation uptake than nongrafted plants. In this evaluation, Cabernet savignon grafted to 41 B had the highest cation content in comparision with every treatment; therefore, it was the highest in potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron content. No one treatment had a deficient level of manganese; although, the studied soils were basic with high pH. In relationship with copper uptake, Dogridge had the highest copper uptake in the three evaluated soils.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Agriculture, Agronomy.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Soil and Water Science
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Dutt, Gordon

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleNutritional evaluations of Cabernet Sauvignon grape and some rootstocks in calcareous soils under greenhouse conditionsen_US
dc.creatorJuarez Gonzalez, Rogelio Ausencioen_US
dc.contributor.authorJuarez Gonzalez, Rogelio Ausencioen_US
dc.date.issued1993en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractGreenhouse studies were carried out to determine the effects of three calcareous soils on the foliar growth and elemental composition of a vinifera variety, three common roostocks, and the variety grafted to the three roostocks. Soils, water, shoot growth, tissue analyses, and cation uptake were evaluated in grapevines on which grape variety rootstocks and grafted materials were established on Mohall, Sonoita, and Casa Grande soil series in PVC columns collected from three agricultural areas in Arizona. Grapevines have a root system that explores the subsoil as well the surface of the soil; however, in calcareous soils with high pH and high lime content, some micronutrient are relatively insoluble, also calcium tends to be precipitated forming calcium carbonate and becomes water insoluble; therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the roostock effect in the nutritional uptake. Good compatibility was observed between rootstocks and scions, also all grafted vines grew very well and no chlorosis or foliar elemental deficiencies were obserbed during the experiments. In this study, roostocks showed bigger shoot growth in grapevines than the rest of the treatments. Grafted grapevines contained higher foliar potassium than the rest of the treatments. Also all material evaluated had calcium and iron deficiencies with content less than 1.2 percent and 70 mg kg-1, respectively, and no one had more than 0.5 percent of sodium content, foliar grape content reported by California that can be a problem. Cabernet savignon had the highest magnesium content in the three soils. Cation balance was used to measure the cation uptake for the evaluated materials; consequently, grafted plants had higher cation uptake than nongrafted plants. In this evaluation, Cabernet savignon grafted to 41 B had the highest cation content in comparision with every treatment; therefore, it was the highest in potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron content. No one treatment had a deficient level of manganese; although, the studied soils were basic with high pH. In relationship with copper uptake, Dogridge had the highest copper uptake in the three evaluated soils.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAgriculture, Agronomy.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSoil and Water Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorDutt, Gordonen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9322763en_US
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