Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/296461
Title:
The Effect of GIS Database Grid Size on Hydrologic Simulation Results
Author:
Hu, Zhengyu; Guertin, D. Phillip
Affiliation:
School of Renewable Natural Resources, Watershed Resources Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721
Issue Date:
20-Apr-1991
Rights:
Copyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.
Publisher:
Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science
Journal:
Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest
Abstract:
The use of geographic information systems (GIS) for assessing the hydrologic effects of management is increasing. In the near future most of our spatial or "mapped" information will come from GIS. The direct linkage of hydrologic simulation models to GIS should make the assessment process more efficient and powerful, allowing managers to quickly evaluate different landscape designs. This study investigates the effect the resolution of GIS databases have on hydrological simulation results from an urban watershed. The hydrologic model used in the study was the Soil Conservation Service Curve Number Model which computes the volume of runoff from rainfall events. A GIS database was created for High School Wash, a urban watershed in Tucson, Arizona. Fifteen rainfall-runoff events were used to test the simulation results. Five different grid sizes, ranging from 25x25 square feet to 300x300 square feet were evaluated. The results indicate that the higher the resolution the better the simulation results. The average ratio of simulated over observed runoff volumes ranged from 0.98 for the 25x25 square feet case to 0.43 for the 300x300 square feet case.
Keywords:
Hydrology -- Arizona.; Water resources development -- Arizona.; Hydrology -- Southwestern states.; Water resources development -- Southwestern states.
ISSN:
0272-6106

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleThe Effect of GIS Database Grid Size on Hydrologic Simulation Resultsen_US
dc.contributor.authorHu, Zhengyuen_US
dc.contributor.authorGuertin, D. Phillipen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Renewable Natural Resources, Watershed Resources Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721en_US
dc.date.issued1991-04-20-
dc.rightsCopyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.-
dc.description.collectioninformationThis article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.en_US
dc.publisherArizona-Nevada Academy of Scienceen_US
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.description.abstractThe use of geographic information systems (GIS) for assessing the hydrologic effects of management is increasing. In the near future most of our spatial or "mapped" information will come from GIS. The direct linkage of hydrologic simulation models to GIS should make the assessment process more efficient and powerful, allowing managers to quickly evaluate different landscape designs. This study investigates the effect the resolution of GIS databases have on hydrological simulation results from an urban watershed. The hydrologic model used in the study was the Soil Conservation Service Curve Number Model which computes the volume of runoff from rainfall events. A GIS database was created for High School Wash, a urban watershed in Tucson, Arizona. Fifteen rainfall-runoff events were used to test the simulation results. Five different grid sizes, ranging from 25x25 square feet to 300x300 square feet were evaluated. The results indicate that the higher the resolution the better the simulation results. The average ratio of simulated over observed runoff volumes ranged from 0.98 for the 25x25 square feet case to 0.43 for the 300x300 square feet case.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0272-6106-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/296461-
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeProceedingsen_US
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