Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/296122
Title:
Application of a Finite-Element Model to Overland Flow and Channel Flow in Arid Lands
Author:
El-Ansary, Amgad S.; Contractor, Dinshaw N.
Affiliation:
Civil Engineering Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721
Issue Date:
7-Apr-1984
Rights:
Copyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.
Collection Information:
This article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.
Publisher:
Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science
Journal:
Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest
Abstract:
A mathematical model to simulate overland and channel flow using the finite element technique was adapted and applied to a small semi-arid rangeland watershed (2,035 acres) in the USDA Walnut Gulch experimental watershed in the Southwestern United States. The Holtan equation was used to estimate precipitation excess, and with the precipitation excess as input, the finite-element technique was used to route overland and channel flow. The program was structured with sufficient flexibility so that effect of land use changes either gradual or sudden, on runoff hydrograph could be estimated. Abstraction losses in the stream channel are accounted for. The simulation model predictions are compared with field data for several storms and the comparisons are satisfactory; however, improvements could be made with additional data on antecedent moisture content and better estimates of abstraction losses. Based on these comparisons, it is felt that the model can be used to estimate runoff hydrographs from ungaged watersheds in semi-arid regions.
Keywords:
Hydrology -- Arizona.; Water resources development -- Arizona.; Hydrology -- Southwestern states.; Water resources development -- Southwestern states.
ISSN:
0272-6106

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleApplication of a Finite-Element Model to Overland Flow and Channel Flow in Arid Landsen_US
dc.contributor.authorEl-Ansary, Amgad S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorContractor, Dinshaw N.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentCivil Engineering Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721en_US
dc.date.issued1984-04-07-
dc.rightsCopyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.-
dc.description.collectioninformationThis article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact anashydrology@gmail.com.en_US
dc.publisherArizona-Nevada Academy of Scienceen_US
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.description.abstractA mathematical model to simulate overland and channel flow using the finite element technique was adapted and applied to a small semi-arid rangeland watershed (2,035 acres) in the USDA Walnut Gulch experimental watershed in the Southwestern United States. The Holtan equation was used to estimate precipitation excess, and with the precipitation excess as input, the finite-element technique was used to route overland and channel flow. The program was structured with sufficient flexibility so that effect of land use changes either gradual or sudden, on runoff hydrograph could be estimated. Abstraction losses in the stream channel are accounted for. The simulation model predictions are compared with field data for several storms and the comparisons are satisfactory; however, improvements could be made with additional data on antecedent moisture content and better estimates of abstraction losses. Based on these comparisons, it is felt that the model can be used to estimate runoff hydrographs from ungaged watersheds in semi-arid regions.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.subjectWater resources development -- Southwestern states.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0272-6106-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/296122-
dc.identifier.journalHydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwesten_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeProceedingsen_US
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