Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/293618
Title:
Attosecond Resolved Electron Wave Packet Dynamics in Helium
Author:
Hirisave Shivaram, Niranjan
Issue Date:
2013
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Electron dynamics in atoms and molecules occurs on a time-scale of attoseconds (10⁻¹⁸s). With the availability of strong field (∼ 10¹²- 10¹³ W cm⁻²) femtosecond (10⁻¹⁵s) laser pulses with electric fields that can reach and exceed the Coulomb field strength experienced by an electron in the ground state of an atom, it is now possible to generate even shorter pulses with durations on the order of attoseconds by the process of high-harmonic generation (HHG). In this dissertation, experiments to study electron dynamics on attosecond time-scales in a helium atom using attosecond pulses generated by HHG will be described. We use extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse trains and strong femtosecond near-infrared (IR) laser pulses to excite and ionize helium atoms. We first discuss an experimental technique that allows us to quantify and reduce the detrimental effects of Gouy phase slip on attosecond XUV-IR experiments. We then discuss our experiments to study the dynamic behavior of electronic states in a strong field modified helium atom where we use attosecond pulses to explore the strong-field modified atomic landscape. Using the Floquet theory to interpret our experimental observations we measure the variation in quantum phase of interferences between different fourier components of Floquet states as the IR intensity is varied and as different ionization channels dominate, in real-time. Next, we briefly discuss quantum interferences between photo-electrons ionized from XUV excited states in helium using an IR field which is polarized orthogonal to the XUV polarization. We observe variation in angular distribution of photo-electrons as a function of XUV-IR time-delay. We then discuss a new technique to measure the time-of-birth of attosecond pulses using XUV+IR photo-ionization in helium as a measurement probe. Finally, experiments to study the evolution of XUV excited wave-packets in helium on a time-scale of 100's of femtoseconds with attosecond resolution will be described.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Femtosecond; Floquet; Helium; High harmonic; Strong Field; Physics; Attosecond
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Physics
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Sandhu, Arvinder S.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleAttosecond Resolved Electron Wave Packet Dynamics in Heliumen_US
dc.creatorHirisave Shivaram, Niranjanen_US
dc.contributor.authorHirisave Shivaram, Niranjanen_US
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractElectron dynamics in atoms and molecules occurs on a time-scale of attoseconds (10⁻¹⁸s). With the availability of strong field (∼ 10¹²- 10¹³ W cm⁻²) femtosecond (10⁻¹⁵s) laser pulses with electric fields that can reach and exceed the Coulomb field strength experienced by an electron in the ground state of an atom, it is now possible to generate even shorter pulses with durations on the order of attoseconds by the process of high-harmonic generation (HHG). In this dissertation, experiments to study electron dynamics on attosecond time-scales in a helium atom using attosecond pulses generated by HHG will be described. We use extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse trains and strong femtosecond near-infrared (IR) laser pulses to excite and ionize helium atoms. We first discuss an experimental technique that allows us to quantify and reduce the detrimental effects of Gouy phase slip on attosecond XUV-IR experiments. We then discuss our experiments to study the dynamic behavior of electronic states in a strong field modified helium atom where we use attosecond pulses to explore the strong-field modified atomic landscape. Using the Floquet theory to interpret our experimental observations we measure the variation in quantum phase of interferences between different fourier components of Floquet states as the IR intensity is varied and as different ionization channels dominate, in real-time. Next, we briefly discuss quantum interferences between photo-electrons ionized from XUV excited states in helium using an IR field which is polarized orthogonal to the XUV polarization. We observe variation in angular distribution of photo-electrons as a function of XUV-IR time-delay. We then discuss a new technique to measure the time-of-birth of attosecond pulses using XUV+IR photo-ionization in helium as a measurement probe. Finally, experiments to study the evolution of XUV excited wave-packets in helium on a time-scale of 100's of femtoseconds with attosecond resolution will be described.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectFemtoseconden_US
dc.subjectFloqueten_US
dc.subjectHeliumen_US
dc.subjectHigh harmonicen_US
dc.subjectStrong Fielden_US
dc.subjectPhysicsen_US
dc.subjectAttoseconden_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysicsen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorSandhu, Arvinder S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCronin, Alexanderen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMelia, Fulvioen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFleming, Seanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSandhu, Arvinder S.en_US
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