Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/291652
Title:
Factors influencing charcoal rot of melon in Arizona
Author:
Nischwitz, Claudia
Issue Date:
2001
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Studies were initiated to determine if drip irrigation contributes to increased incidence of Charcoal Rot, caused by Macrophomina phaseolina , in melons in Arizona. Soil samples from furrow- and drip- (with and without plastic mulch) irrigated fields were analyzed for soil chemical and physical parameters: pH, moisture, salinity and temperature; and for microbial factors: inoculum density, mycorrhizal infection, nematode abundance, and basal respiration. Results show a significant decrease in pH and increase in temperature in drip versus furrow-irrigated soils. Also, the interaction of pH, salinity, moisture, and irrigation type was significant for inoculum density of M. phaseolina which was up to 150 times higher in drip irrigated fields. In greenhouse trials, disease incidence increased significantly as salinity of irrigation water increased, but was not affected by root-knot nematode. Therefore, soil characteristics of drip-irrigated soils may contribute to a soil environment conducive to an increase in Charcoal Rot in melon.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Agriculture, Plant Pathology.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Plant Diseases
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Olsen, Mary W.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleFactors influencing charcoal rot of melon in Arizonaen_US
dc.creatorNischwitz, Claudiaen_US
dc.contributor.authorNischwitz, Claudiaen_US
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractStudies were initiated to determine if drip irrigation contributes to increased incidence of Charcoal Rot, caused by Macrophomina phaseolina , in melons in Arizona. Soil samples from furrow- and drip- (with and without plastic mulch) irrigated fields were analyzed for soil chemical and physical parameters: pH, moisture, salinity and temperature; and for microbial factors: inoculum density, mycorrhizal infection, nematode abundance, and basal respiration. Results show a significant decrease in pH and increase in temperature in drip versus furrow-irrigated soils. Also, the interaction of pH, salinity, moisture, and irrigation type was significant for inoculum density of M. phaseolina which was up to 150 times higher in drip irrigated fields. In greenhouse trials, disease incidence increased significantly as salinity of irrigation water increased, but was not affected by root-knot nematode. Therefore, soil characteristics of drip-irrigated soils may contribute to a soil environment conducive to an increase in Charcoal Rot in melon.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAgriculture, Plant Pathology.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePlant Diseasesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorOlsen, Mary W.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest1405037en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b41885466en_US
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