Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande): Comparison of spectral sensitivity with responses to colors during swarming and non-swarming behavior

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/291487
Title:
Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande): Comparison of spectral sensitivity with responses to colors during swarming and non-swarming behavior
Author:
Matteson, Nancy, 1956-
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Frankliniella occidentalis response to color hue and intensity was tested in both field bioassays and electrophysiology of the thrips eye. Results of electroretinograms demonstrated that males and females have a double peak spectral efficiency in the ultraviolet near 365nm and in the green-yellow range at 540nm. Results of field tests suggest, based on density change relative to sex ratio change between behaviors, that there was a greater change in male behavior (i.e. density) than in female behavior. Higher densities of thrips were observed on blue, violet, white and yellow hues. Interactions between the UV and green photopigments and integration of visual stimuli within the central nervous system may allow for discrimination of blue and violet colors, that are at wavelengths between the two peaks. Because the peaks of spectral sensitivity and the relative efficiency are the same between sexes, and the relative rankings of density remains the same between behavior periods, the greater change in male versus female behavior may be the result of complex behavioral responses to many possible cues as yet undetermined.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Biology, Ecology.; Biology, Entomology.; Biology, Zoology.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Entomology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Terry, L. Irene

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleFrankliniella occidentalis (Pergande): Comparison of spectral sensitivity with responses to colors during swarming and non-swarming behavioren_US
dc.creatorMatteson, Nancy, 1956-en_US
dc.contributor.authorMatteson, Nancy, 1956-en_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractFrankliniella occidentalis response to color hue and intensity was tested in both field bioassays and electrophysiology of the thrips eye. Results of electroretinograms demonstrated that males and females have a double peak spectral efficiency in the ultraviolet near 365nm and in the green-yellow range at 540nm. Results of field tests suggest, based on density change relative to sex ratio change between behaviors, that there was a greater change in male behavior (i.e. density) than in female behavior. Higher densities of thrips were observed on blue, violet, white and yellow hues. Interactions between the UV and green photopigments and integration of visual stimuli within the central nervous system may allow for discrimination of blue and violet colors, that are at wavelengths between the two peaks. Because the peaks of spectral sensitivity and the relative efficiency are the same between sexes, and the relative rankings of density remains the same between behavior periods, the greater change in male versus female behavior may be the result of complex behavioral responses to many possible cues as yet undetermined.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Ecology.en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Entomology.en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Zoology.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEntomologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorTerry, L. Ireneen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1343699en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b2684395xen_US
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