Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/290618
Title:
The spectral characteristics of galactic black hole systems
Author:
Misra, Ranjeev
Issue Date:
1996
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The hard X-ray spectrum from black hole candidates, such as 1E1740.7-2942 and Cygnus X-1, has been attributed to an inner hot (Tₑ ≈ 10⁹ K) two-temperature disk which Comptonizes externally produced soft photons from the outer disk. We developed a natural extension of this model, wherein the innermost region of the two-temperature disk, is much hotter (Tₑ ≈ 5 x 10⁹ K) since it is shielded from the external photons and is forced to cool via bremsstrahlung self-comptonization. The emission from this region can account for the long term γ-ray variability in Cygnus X-1. The e⁺e⁻ pairs produced above the hot plasma give rise to the annihilation line observed in 1E1740.7-2942 and the residual pairs form the extended radio jets observed in this source. These early successes called for more detailed modeling of the hot disk. The effects of e⁺e⁻ pairs produced inside the disk were investigated using a better technique for the Comptonization process than what had been reported previously in the literature. This has important quantitative (but no qualitative implications) on the model. Another crucial effect is that of the proton thermal energy being advected to smaller radii. This makes the disk sensitive to the outer boundary conditions (i.e the structure of the transition zone between the outer cold disk and the inner hot region). To determine the physics of the transition region we have developed a scheme for the radiative cooling which is valid at all optical depths. The application of this scheme revealed that the transition region is an extended one. The disk has a hot two-temperature configuration even without the assumption that instabilities in the disk drive the cold disk to this stage (which has been doubted in the past). Moreover, the spectrum from the transition zone matches well with the observed X-ray spectrum of Cygnus X-1 and variations in the magnetic field can account for the two X-ray states. We conclude from this new self-consistent model that the soft X-ray photons observed arise from the cold disk, the X-ray continuum is produced in the transition zone, while the γ-rays and associated phenomena (like the e⁺e⁻ line and the radio jets) are due to the inner hot disk.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Physics
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Melia, Fulvio

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleThe spectral characteristics of galactic black hole systemsen_US
dc.creatorMisra, Ranjeeven_US
dc.contributor.authorMisra, Ranjeeven_US
dc.date.issued1996en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe hard X-ray spectrum from black hole candidates, such as 1E1740.7-2942 and Cygnus X-1, has been attributed to an inner hot (Tₑ ≈ 10⁹ K) two-temperature disk which Comptonizes externally produced soft photons from the outer disk. We developed a natural extension of this model, wherein the innermost region of the two-temperature disk, is much hotter (Tₑ ≈ 5 x 10⁹ K) since it is shielded from the external photons and is forced to cool via bremsstrahlung self-comptonization. The emission from this region can account for the long term γ-ray variability in Cygnus X-1. The e⁺e⁻ pairs produced above the hot plasma give rise to the annihilation line observed in 1E1740.7-2942 and the residual pairs form the extended radio jets observed in this source. These early successes called for more detailed modeling of the hot disk. The effects of e⁺e⁻ pairs produced inside the disk were investigated using a better technique for the Comptonization process than what had been reported previously in the literature. This has important quantitative (but no qualitative implications) on the model. Another crucial effect is that of the proton thermal energy being advected to smaller radii. This makes the disk sensitive to the outer boundary conditions (i.e the structure of the transition zone between the outer cold disk and the inner hot region). To determine the physics of the transition region we have developed a scheme for the radiative cooling which is valid at all optical depths. The application of this scheme revealed that the transition region is an extended one. The disk has a hot two-temperature configuration even without the assumption that instabilities in the disk drive the cold disk to this stage (which has been doubted in the past). Moreover, the spectrum from the transition zone matches well with the observed X-ray spectrum of Cygnus X-1 and variations in the magnetic field can account for the two X-ray states. We conclude from this new self-consistent model that the soft X-ray photons observed arise from the cold disk, the X-ray continuum is produced in the transition zone, while the γ-rays and associated phenomena (like the e⁺e⁻ line and the radio jets) are due to the inner hot disk.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPhysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysicsen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMelia, Fulvioen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9713384en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b34376136en_US
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