The association of nutritional status and other lifestyle factors on human papillomavirus viral load

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/289972
Title:
The association of nutritional status and other lifestyle factors on human papillomavirus viral load
Author:
Flores-Munguia, Roberto
Issue Date:
2003
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Infection with mucosotropic human papillomavirus (HPV) is necessary but not sufficient for development of cervical intraepithelial lesions and its ultimate stage cervical cancer. The majority of HPV infections are transient and only a minor proportion of infections persist and progress to more advanced stages of cervical dysplasia. This suggests that other factors are involved in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. Previous studies have determined an increased risk of cervical cancer associated with high HPV viral load. Other host factors such as nutritional status may be associated with HPV infection persistence and higher risk of developing neoplasia. In this study, we have developed a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay to quantitate viral burden of eight HPV types most frequently found associated with cervical cancer. This methodology was used to study the association between viral load and risk of cervical dysplasia. Our results indicate a strong association of high HPV viral load with increased risk of low-grade and high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (OR = 47.7, 95% CI = 17.04-133.58; and OR = 58.05, 95% CI = 18.43-182.89, respectively). Findings from this study suggest a linear increase of HPV viral load with cytological grade. In addition, we studied the association of HPV viral load with the concentration of circulating antioxidant nutrients and nutrients involved in DNA methylation previously associated with cervical carcinogenesis. Our viral load-nutrient study identified an inverse association of viral burden and circulating trans-lycopene (p, 0.0375), β-cryptoxanthin (p, 0.0494), trans-β-carotene (p, 0.0105), and a possible protective association with cis-lycopene (p, 0.0544) and lutein (p, 0.0977). A direct association with total viral load was observed for α-carotene (p, 0.0038), α-tocopherol (p, 0.0207), γ-tocopherol (p, 0.0288), and δ-tocopherol (p, 0.0446). Findings from this study suggest a role of circulating nutrients in HPV viral load. Overall, HPV viral load may be useful as a surrogate biomarker for HPV persistence.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Health Sciences, Nutrition.; Health Sciences, Public Health.; Health Sciences, Oncology.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Nutritional Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Giuliano, Anna R.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleThe association of nutritional status and other lifestyle factors on human papillomavirus viral loaden_US
dc.creatorFlores-Munguia, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorFlores-Munguia, Robertoen_US
dc.date.issued2003en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractInfection with mucosotropic human papillomavirus (HPV) is necessary but not sufficient for development of cervical intraepithelial lesions and its ultimate stage cervical cancer. The majority of HPV infections are transient and only a minor proportion of infections persist and progress to more advanced stages of cervical dysplasia. This suggests that other factors are involved in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. Previous studies have determined an increased risk of cervical cancer associated with high HPV viral load. Other host factors such as nutritional status may be associated with HPV infection persistence and higher risk of developing neoplasia. In this study, we have developed a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay to quantitate viral burden of eight HPV types most frequently found associated with cervical cancer. This methodology was used to study the association between viral load and risk of cervical dysplasia. Our results indicate a strong association of high HPV viral load with increased risk of low-grade and high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (OR = 47.7, 95% CI = 17.04-133.58; and OR = 58.05, 95% CI = 18.43-182.89, respectively). Findings from this study suggest a linear increase of HPV viral load with cytological grade. In addition, we studied the association of HPV viral load with the concentration of circulating antioxidant nutrients and nutrients involved in DNA methylation previously associated with cervical carcinogenesis. Our viral load-nutrient study identified an inverse association of viral burden and circulating trans-lycopene (p, 0.0375), β-cryptoxanthin (p, 0.0494), trans-β-carotene (p, 0.0105), and a possible protective association with cis-lycopene (p, 0.0544) and lutein (p, 0.0977). A direct association with total viral load was observed for α-carotene (p, 0.0038), α-tocopherol (p, 0.0207), γ-tocopherol (p, 0.0288), and δ-tocopherol (p, 0.0446). Findings from this study suggest a role of circulating nutrients in HPV viral load. Overall, HPV viral load may be useful as a surrogate biomarker for HPV persistence.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectHealth Sciences, Nutrition.en_US
dc.subjectHealth Sciences, Public Health.en_US
dc.subjectHealth Sciences, Oncology.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineNutritional Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorGiuliano, Anna R.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest3108899en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b44825158en_US
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