Low-mass star formation and the initial mass function in young clusters

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/288884
Title:
Low-mass star formation and the initial mass function in young clusters
Author:
Luhman, Kevin Lee, 1971-
Issue Date:
1998
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
I have used optical and near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging to measure spectral types and luminosities for young (τ < 10 Myr), embedded (Aᵥ = 0-50), low-mass (0.1-1 M(⊙)) stars in three nearby (d < 300 pc) clusters: L1495E, IC 348, and ρ Ophiuchi. In conjunction with theoretical evolutionary tracks, I have derived the star formation history and initial mass function for each stellar population. A large number of brown dwarf candidates have been identified in the photometry, several of which are confirmed through spectroscopy. Finally, I have measured the frequency and survival times of circumstellar disks and investigated the photometric and spectroscopic properties of protostars. In § 2, I apply observational tests to the available sets of evolutionary models for low-mass stars, concluding that the calculations of D'Antona & Mazzitelli are preferred for the range of masses and ages considered here. In § 3 and § 4, I examine in detail the spectroscopic characteristics and substellar nature of two brown dwarf candidates. The study then expands to include the populations within the clusters L1495E (§ 5), IC 348 (§ 6), and ρ Ophiuchi (§ 7). In § 8, I briefly discuss the past, present, and future of scientific research related to this thesis.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Astronomy
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Rieke, George H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleLow-mass star formation and the initial mass function in young clustersen_US
dc.creatorLuhman, Kevin Lee, 1971-en_US
dc.contributor.authorLuhman, Kevin Lee, 1971-en_US
dc.date.issued1998en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractI have used optical and near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging to measure spectral types and luminosities for young (τ < 10 Myr), embedded (Aᵥ = 0-50), low-mass (0.1-1 M(⊙)) stars in three nearby (d < 300 pc) clusters: L1495E, IC 348, and ρ Ophiuchi. In conjunction with theoretical evolutionary tracks, I have derived the star formation history and initial mass function for each stellar population. A large number of brown dwarf candidates have been identified in the photometry, several of which are confirmed through spectroscopy. Finally, I have measured the frequency and survival times of circumstellar disks and investigated the photometric and spectroscopic properties of protostars. In § 2, I apply observational tests to the available sets of evolutionary models for low-mass stars, concluding that the calculations of D'Antona & Mazzitelli are preferred for the range of masses and ages considered here. In § 3 and § 4, I examine in detail the spectroscopic characteristics and substellar nature of two brown dwarf candidates. The study then expands to include the populations within the clusters L1495E (§ 5), IC 348 (§ 6), and ρ Ophiuchi (§ 7). In § 8, I briefly discuss the past, present, and future of scientific research related to this thesis.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPhysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorRieke, George H.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9901759en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b38783514en_US
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