Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/288745
Title:
Seyfert galaxies in the infrared
Author:
Ruiz-Nishiky, Milagros
Issue Date:
1997
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This thesis contains complementary aspects of the Seyfert phenomenon, each of which is analysed to bring a better understanding of present unification theories. Observations of the nuclear regions of various types of Seyfert galaxies were mostly made at infrared wavelengths which allow the study of dusty environments and provide new information on the physical conditions of these objects. For example, near infrared spectroscopy of Seyfert 2 galaxies revealed that there is a subclass of type 2 Seyferts with hot IR excess at ∼3μm with broad IR emission lines suggesting that some Seyfert 2s do in fact contain a hidden Seyfert 1 nucleus. Additional spectropolarimetry showed that the scattering screens, postulated in the standard model, are not always present in Seyfert 2s. At mid infrared wavelengths, it was found that the 10μm nuclear emission of Seyferts with broad emission lines is intrinsically brighter than that of Seyferts with no broad lines. The extended 10mum emission shows that Seyfert 2 galaxies present enhanced star-formation when compared to Seyfert 1s. Both results pose obstacles for present unification ideas and I discuss possible interpretations to these observations. Seyfert galaxies were also observed at radio wavelengths to study their large scale emission of 1-0 CO. Surprisingly, this emission usually related with star formation activity was found to be similar in both types of Seyfert galaxies and therefore does not explain why Seyfert 2 galaxies have enhanced star formation as concluded in the 10mum study. A study of galaxy morphology and companions in this set of Seyferts shows at a significant statistical level that Seyfert 2s present a higher incidence of asymmetric morphologies compared to Seyfert 1s and field galaxies, and therefore are undergoing gravitational perturbations which may induce star formation. Near infrared spectroscopy of a large sample of Seyfert galaxies is analysed to study the excitation mechanisms of [FeII] and H₂ lines in the NLR of Seyfert galaxies, a subject which is in great debate at present. Here I present some results indicating that shock excitation is likely, but not always, the dominant mechanism that excites these IR lines.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.; Physics, Radiation.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Astronomy
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Rieke, George H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleSeyfert galaxies in the infrareden_US
dc.creatorRuiz-Nishiky, Milagrosen_US
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Nishiky, Milagrosen_US
dc.date.issued1997en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis contains complementary aspects of the Seyfert phenomenon, each of which is analysed to bring a better understanding of present unification theories. Observations of the nuclear regions of various types of Seyfert galaxies were mostly made at infrared wavelengths which allow the study of dusty environments and provide new information on the physical conditions of these objects. For example, near infrared spectroscopy of Seyfert 2 galaxies revealed that there is a subclass of type 2 Seyferts with hot IR excess at ∼3μm with broad IR emission lines suggesting that some Seyfert 2s do in fact contain a hidden Seyfert 1 nucleus. Additional spectropolarimetry showed that the scattering screens, postulated in the standard model, are not always present in Seyfert 2s. At mid infrared wavelengths, it was found that the 10μm nuclear emission of Seyferts with broad emission lines is intrinsically brighter than that of Seyferts with no broad lines. The extended 10mum emission shows that Seyfert 2 galaxies present enhanced star-formation when compared to Seyfert 1s. Both results pose obstacles for present unification ideas and I discuss possible interpretations to these observations. Seyfert galaxies were also observed at radio wavelengths to study their large scale emission of 1-0 CO. Surprisingly, this emission usually related with star formation activity was found to be similar in both types of Seyfert galaxies and therefore does not explain why Seyfert 2 galaxies have enhanced star formation as concluded in the 10mum study. A study of galaxy morphology and companions in this set of Seyferts shows at a significant statistical level that Seyfert 2s present a higher incidence of asymmetric morphologies compared to Seyfert 1s and field galaxies, and therefore are undergoing gravitational perturbations which may induce star formation. Near infrared spectroscopy of a large sample of Seyfert galaxies is analysed to study the excitation mechanisms of [FeII] and H₂ lines in the NLR of Seyfert galaxies, a subject which is in great debate at present. Here I present some results indicating that shock excitation is likely, but not always, the dominant mechanism that excites these IR lines.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPhysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.en_US
dc.subjectPhysics, Radiation.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorRieke, George H.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9729423en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b34766911en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.